Rule 4723-5-20 | Responsibilities of faculty, teaching assistants and preceptors in a clinical setting.
(A) A faculty member of a nursing education program is responsible for planning the student's clinical experience and for evaluating the student's performance. Clinical nursing experiences are assigned by faculty based on course objectives and student learning needs. Faculty, teaching assistants or preceptors shall supervise student practice by providing guidance, direction, and support appropriate to the clinical situation.
(B) Supervision of a nursing student shall be provided for each clinical experience involving the delivery of nursing care to an individual or group of individuals. This supervision shall be provided only by a faculty member, teaching assistant, or preceptor who meets the qualifications set forth in rule 4723-5-10 of the Administrative Code for a registered nursing education program, or rule 4723-5-11 of the Administrative Code for a practical nursing education program.
(C) All experiences for a nursing student in a clinical setting involving the delivery of nursing care to an individual or group of individuals shall be performed under the direction of a faculty member who functions only as a faculty member during the nursing student's clinical experience. The faculty member providing direction shall:
(1) Establish clinical objectives or outcomes within the framework of the course in which the student is enrolled;
(2) Communicate clinical objectives or outcomes to:
(a) The student;
(b) The teaching assistant and preceptor, if utilized; and
(c) The staff at the clinical site;
(3) Provide for orientation of each student to the clinical site, including introduction to staff;
(4) Make assignments, in conjunction with the teaching assistant or preceptor, if utilized, for the student's experience, consistent with the specific objectives or outcomes of the course in which the student is enrolled;
(5) Provide for supervision of each student in accordance with this chapter; and
(6) Evaluate the student's experience, achievement, and progress in relation to the clinical objectives or outcomes, with input from the teaching assistant or preceptor, if utilized.
(D) The faculty member may assign an observational experience as appropriate to meet course objectives.
(E) The faculty or teaching assistant to student ratio for direct patient care experiences shall be no greater a ratio than ten students to one faculty or teaching assistant, or a smaller ratio in clinical settings where necessary to ensure the safe delivery of nursing care.
(F) The teaching assistant or preceptor providing supervision of a nursing student shall at least:
(1) Have competence in the area of clinical practice in which the teaching assistant or preceptor is providing supervision to a student;
(2) Design, at the direction of a faculty member, the student's clinical experience to achieve the stated objectives or outcomes of the nursing course in which the student is enrolled;
(3) Clarify with the faculty member:
(a) The role of the teaching assistant or preceptor;
(b) The responsibilities of the faculty member;
(c) The course and clinical objectives or outcomes;
(d) The clinical experience evaluation tool; and
(4) Contribute to the evaluation of the student's performance by providing information to the faculty member and the student regarding the student's achievement of established objectives or outcomes.
(G) A preceptor shall provide supervision to no more than two nursing students at any one time, provided the circumstances are such that the preceptor can adequately supervise the practice of both students.