Rule 5101:1-3-01 | Ohio works first: federal work participation rates.
(A) Which section of the Revised Code applies to federal work participation rates?
(1) Section 5107.05 of the Revised Code authorizes the director of job and family services to adopt rules as necessary to comply with Title IV-A, Title IV-D, federal regulations, state law, and the state plan.
(2) The county agency will administer the work activity programs in accordance with the requirements contained in this rule and not in accordance with sections 5107.40, 5107.42 and 5107.44 of the Revised Code.
(B) What are the federal work participation rates?
(1) Each federal fiscal year each county agency must achieve the minimum federal work participation rates pursuant to 45 C.F.R. 261.21 (2/2008) and 45 C.F.R. 261.23 (2/2008). The minimum federal work participation rates are ninety per cent for two-parent assistance groups and fifty per cent for all- family assistance groups.
(2) For purposes of calculating federal work participation rates, the definitions described in this rule are applicable. In order to meet the definitions of two-parent assistance groups or all-family assistance groups as described in paragraphs (C) and (D) of this rule, the work-eligible individuals shall be included in the assistance group. Learning, earning and parenting (LEAP) participation by a minor head of household, as defined in section 5107.02 of the Revised Code and rule 5101:1-1-01 of the Administrative Code, is included in the two-parent or the all-family assistance group definitions for federal work participation calculation purposes.
(C) What is a two-parent assistance group?
A two-parent assistance group includes at least one minor child and two natural or adoptive parents of the same minor child who are work-eligible individuals and living in the home. This includes a two-parent assistance group that is deemed to include a minor child when the only minor child is in receipt of supplemental security income (SSI) benefits, or is a child for whom federal, state, or local adoption assistance foster care maintenance payments, or kinship support payments as described in rule 5101:2-42-18.2 of the Administrative Code are made.
When an assistance group contains two work-eligible parents of the same minor child, and one of the parents is disabled, the assistance group shall be excluded from the two-parent work participation requirements. Disability of a parent shall be deemed to exist when at least one parent has a physical or mental illness or impairment. The disability shall be supported by competent medical documentation and must be of such a debilitating nature as to reduce substantially or eliminate the parent's ability to work. The disability must be expected to last for a period of at least thirty days. A finding of eligibility for retirement, survivor's, and disability insurance (RSDI) or SSI benefits based on disability or blindness is acceptable proof of a disability for OWF purposes.
(D) What are all-family assistance groups?
All-family assistance groups include two-parent assistance groups as defined in paragraph (C) of this rule, and assistance groups described in paragraphs (D)(1) to (D)(6) of this rule.
(1) An assistance group containing a minor child and a work-eligible individual.
(2) An assistance group containing a minor child and a specified relative in need as described in rule 5101:1-23-10 of the Administrative Code.
(3) An assistance group as identified in paragraph (C)(2) of this rule shall be included in the all-family assistance group definitions.
(4) An assistance group containing only a pregnant woman who is at least in her sixth month of pregnancy.
(5) When the only minor child is in receipt of SSI benefits, or is a child for whom federal, state or local foster care maintenance, adoption assistance payments, or kinship support payments as described in rule 5101:2-42-18.2 of the Administrative Code are made, the assistance group is deemed to include that minor child for purposes of determining eligibility to participate in OWF.
(6) An assistance group containing a minor child, a work-eligible individual and a parent who is a recipient of SSI benefits.
(E) What are child-only assistance groups?
Child-only assistance groups are excluded from the federal work participation rate calculation. A child-only assistance group is an assistance group containing a minor child residing with a parent, legal guardian, legal custodian, or other specified relative whose needs are not included in the assistance group and who does not meet the definition of a work-eligible individual pursuant to paragraph (B) of rule 5101:1-3-12 of the Administrative Code. This includes situations when the minor child resides with both parents, and both parents are recipients of SSI; and when the parent of the minor child is a child for whom federal, state or local foster care maintenance or adoption assistance payments are made.
(F) What are countable federal work activities?
Activities in paragraph (F)(1) of this rule are core activities and will meet all the hours of participation for the federal work participation rate. Non-core activities in paragraph (F)(2) of this rule will meet the hours of participation for the federal work participation rate only after the required hours of participation have been completed in a core activity.
(1) The following are the core work activities:
(a) Unsubsidized employment;
(b) Subsidized private sector employment;
(c) Subsidized public sector employment;
(d) Work experience program (WEP);
(e) On-the-job training (OJT);
(f) Job search and job readiness assistance;
(g) Community service;
(h) Vocational educational training; and
(i) Providing child care services to an individual who is participating in a community service program.
(2) The following are the non-core work activities:
(a) Job skills training directly related to employment;
(b) Education directly related to employment, in the case of a recipient who has not received a high school diploma or a certificate of high school equivalency; and
(c) Satisfactory attendance at secondary school or in a course of study leading to a certificate of general equivalence, in the case of a recipient who has not completed secondary school or received such a certificate.
(G) What are the federal work participation requirements ?
For purposes of meeting the federal work participation rates:
(1) The work-eligible individuals in two parent assistance groups containing at least two work-eligible individuals and not receiving federally funded child care shall participate at least an average total of thirty-five hours per week (one hundred fifty-two hours monthly), thirty hours of which shall be in a core activity.
(2) The work-eligible individuals in two-parent assistance groups containing at least two work-eligible individuals and an adult in the family is not disabled or is not caring for a child with a disability and receiving federally funded child care shall participate at least an average total of fifty-five hours per week (two hundred thirty-eight hours monthly), fifty hours of which shall be in a core activity.
(3) The work-eligible individuals in all family assistance groups shall participate at least an average total of thirty hours per week (one hundred thirty hours monthly), twenty hours of which shall be in a core activity.
(4) A work-eligible individual who is the single custodial parent or specified relative of a child under six years of age meets the federal work participation rate by participating at least an average total of twenty hours per week in core activities (eighty-seven hours monthly).
(5) In order to meet the federal work participation rate at least one of the parents in a two-parent assistance group shall participate sufficient hours to meet the all-family rate as described in paragraph (G)(3) of this rule.
(6) Single custodial parent disregarded.
For any fiscal year, a county agency may, at its option, not require a work-eligible individual who is a single custodial parent caring for a child under the age of twelve months to engage in work activities, and may disregard such an individual in determining the participation rates as described in paragraph (B) of this rule. For purposes of the federal work participation rate, this disregard can only be applied to the work eligible individual for not more than a total of twelve months, even if the single custodial parent continues to care for a child under the age of twelve months.
(H) When are federal work participation hours deemed to have been met?
(1) A recipient who is married or a head of household and has not attained twenty years of age is deemed to be participating the required number of hours for a month in a fiscal year when the recipient:
(a) Maintains satisfactory attendance at secondary school or the equivalent during the month; or
(b) Participates in education directly related to employment for an average of at least twenty hours per week during the month.
(2) For a married recipient, such participation counts as the greater of twenty hours or the actual hours of participation.
(3) When both parents in the family are under twenty years old, the federal work requirements specified in paragraph (G)(2) of this rule are met when both meet the conditions of paragraph (G)(7)(a)(i) or (G)(7)(a)(ii) of this rule.
Last updated April 8, 2021 at 1:20 PM
Amplifies: 5107.05, 5107.43, 5107.60, 5101.884
Five Year Review Date: 1/10/2026
Prior Effective Dates: 10/1/1997 (Emer.), 12/30/1997, 10/1/1999, 1/1/2001, 8/29/2003 (Emer.), 11/1/2003, 10/1/2005, 9/29/2006 (Emer.), 12/29/2006, 7/1/2007, 10/1/2008, 6/1/2010, 11/1/2015, 9/1/2018, 1/10/2021