Section 4763.01 | Real estate appraiser definitions.
As used in this chapter:
(A) "Real estate appraisal" or "appraisal" means an analysis, opinion, or conclusion relating to the nature, quality, value, or utility of specified interests in, or aspects of identified real estate that is classified as either a valuation or an analysis.
(B) "Valuation" means an estimate of the value of real estate.
(C) "Analysis" means a study of real estate for purposes other than valuation.
(D) "Appraisal report" means a written communication of a real estate appraisal, appraisal review, or appraisal consulting service or an oral communication of a real estate appraisal, appraisal review, or appraisal consulting service that is documented by a writing that supports the oral communication.
(E) "Appraisal assignment" means an engagement for which a person licensed or certified under this chapter is employed, retained, or engaged to act, or would be perceived by third parties or the public as acting, as a disinterested third party in rendering an unbiased real estate appraisal.
(F) "Specialized services" means all appraisal services, other than appraisal assignments, including, but not limited to, valuation and analysis given in connection with activities such as real estate brokerage, mortgage banking, real estate counseling, and real estate tax counseling, and specialized marketing, financing, and feasibility studies.
(G) "Real estate" has the same meaning as in section 4735.01 of the Revised Code.
(H) "Appraisal foundation" means a nonprofit corporation incorporated under the laws of the state of Illinois on November 30, 1987, for the purposes of establishing and improving uniform appraisal standards by defining, issuing, and promoting those standards; establishing appropriate criteria for the certification and recertification of qualified appraisers by defining, issuing, and promoting the qualification criteria and disseminating the qualification criteria to others; and developing or assisting in development of appropriate examinations for qualified appraisers.
(I) "Prepare" means to develop and communicate, whether through a personal physical inspection or through the act or process of critically studying a report prepared by another who made the physical inspection, an appraisal, analysis, or opinion, or specialized service and to report the results. If the person who develops and communicates the appraisal or specialized service does not make the personal inspection, the name of the person who does make the personal inspection shall be identified on the appraisal or specialized service reported.
(J) "Report" means any communication, written, oral, or by any other means of transmission of information, of a real estate appraisal, appraisal review, appraisal consulting service, or specialized service that is transmitted to a client or employer upon completion of the appraisal or service.
(K) "State-certified general real estate appraiser" means any person who satisfies the certification requirements of this chapter relating to the appraisal of all types of real property and who holds a current and valid certificate or renewal certificate issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.
(L) "State-certified residential real estate appraiser" means any person who satisfies the certification requirements only relating to the appraisal of one to four units of single-family residential real estate without regard to transaction value or complexity and who holds a current and valid certificate or renewal certificate issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.
(M) "State-licensed residential real estate appraiser" means any person who satisfies the licensure requirements of this chapter relating to the appraisal of noncomplex one-to-four unit single-family residential real estate having a transaction value of less than one million dollars and complex one-to-four unit single-family residential real estate having a transaction value of less than two hundred fifty thousand dollars and who holds a current and valid license or renewal license issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.
(N) "Certified or licensed real estate appraisal" means an appraisal prepared and reported by a certificate holder or licensee under this chapter acting within the scope of certification or licensure and as a disinterested third party.
(O) "State-registered real estate appraiser assistant" means any person, other than a state-certified general real estate appraiser, state-certified residential real estate appraiser, or a state-licensed residential real estate appraiser, who satisfies the registration requirements of this chapter for participating in the development and preparation of real estate appraisals and who holds a current and valid registration or renewal registration issued to the person pursuant to this chapter.
(P) "Institution of higher education" means a state university or college, a private college or university located in this state that possesses a certificate of authorization issued by the Ohio board of regents pursuant to Chapter 1713. of the Revised Code, or an accredited college or university located outside this state that is accredited by an accrediting organization or professional accrediting association recognized by the Ohio board of regents.
(Q) "Division of real estate" may be used interchangeably with, and for all purposes has the same meaning as, "division of real estate and professional licensing."
(R) "Superintendent" or "superintendent of real estate" means the superintendent of the division of real estate and professional licensing of this state. Whenever the division or superintendent of real estate is referred to or designated in any statute, rule, contract, or other document, the reference or designation shall be deemed to refer to the division or superintendent of real estate and professional licensing, as the case may be.
(S) "Appraisal review" means the act or process of developing and communicating an opinion about the quality of another appraiser's work that was performed as part of an appraisal, appraisal review, or appraisal consulting assignment.
(T) "Appraisal consulting" means the act or process of developing an analysis, recommendation, or opinion to solve a problem related to real estate.
(U) "Work file" means documentation used during the preparation of an appraisal report or necessary to support an appraiser's analyses, opinions, or conclusions.