Chapter 1309: SECURED TRANSACTIONS

1309.01 to 1309.50 [Renumbered or repealed].

Cite as R.C. § 1309.01 to 1309.50

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.101 Short title - section numbering - UCC 9-101.

(A) This chapter may be cited as "Uniform Commercial Code, secured transactions."

(B) This chapter uses the numbering system of the national conference of commissioners on uniform state laws. The digits to the right of the decimal point are sequential and not supplemental to any preceding Revised Code section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.101

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.102 Definitions and index of definitions - UCC 9-102.

(A) As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Accession" means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that the identity of the original goods is not lost.

(2)

(a) "Account," except as used in "account for," means a right to payment of a monetary obligation, whether or not earned by performance, (i) for property that has been or is to be sold, leased, licensed, assigned, or otherwise disposed of, (ii) for services rendered or to be rendered, (iii) for a policy of insurance issued or to be issued, (iv) for a secondary obligation incurred or to be incurred, (v) for energy provided or to be provided, (vi) for the use or hire of a vessel under a charter or other contract, (vii) arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card, or (viii) as winnings in a lottery or other game of chance operated or sponsored by a state, governmental unit of a state, or person licensed or authorized to operate the game by a state or governmental unit of a state.

(b) "Account" includes health-care insurance receivables.

(c) "Account" does not include (i) rights to payment evidenced by chattel paper or an instrument, (ii) commercial tort claims, (iii) deposit accounts, (iv) investment property, (v) letter-of-credit rights or letters of credit, or (vi) rights to payment for money or funds advanced or sold, other than rights arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card.

(3) "Account debtor" means a person who is obligated on an account, chattel paper, or general intangible. "Account debtor" does not include a person who is obligated to pay a negotiable instrument, even if the instrument constitutes part of chattel paper.

(4) "Accounting," except as used in "accounting for," means a record:

(a) Authenticated by a secured party;

(b) Indicating the aggregate unpaid secured obligations as of a date not more than thirty-five days earlier or thirty-five days later than the date of the record; and

(c) Identifying the components of the obligations in reasonable detail.

(5) "Agricultural lien" means an interest, other than a security interest, in farm products:

(a) That secures payment or performance of an obligation for:

(i) Goods or services furnished in connection with a debtor's farming operation; or

(ii) Rent on real property leased by a debtor in connection with its farming operation.

(b) That is created by statute in favor of a person who:

(i) In the ordinary course of business, furnished goods or services to a debtor in connection with the debtor's farming operation; or

(ii) Leased real property to a debtor in connection with the debtor's farming operation; and

(c) Whose effectiveness does not depend on the person's possession of the personal property.

(6) "As-extracted collateral" means:

(a) Oil, gas, or other minerals that are subject to a security interest that:

(i) Is created by a debtor having an interest in the minerals before extraction; and

(ii) Attaches to the minerals as extracted; or

(b) Accounts arising out of the sale at the wellhead or minehead of oil, gas, or other minerals in which the debtor had an interest before extraction.

(7) "Authenticate" means:

(a) To sign; or

(b) With present intent to adopt or accept a record, to attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic sound, symbol, or process.

(8) "Bank" means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. "Bank" includes savings banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, and trust companies.

(9) "Cash proceeds" means proceeds that are money, checks, deposit accounts, or the like.

(10) "Certificate of title" means a certificate of title with respect to which a statute provides for the security interest in question to be indicated on the certificate as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. The term includes another record maintained as an alternative to a certificate of title by the governmental unit that issues certificates of title if a statute permits the security interest in question to be indicated on the record as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral.

(11)

(a) "Chattel paper" means a record that evidences both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods.

As used in division (A)(11)(a) of this section, "monetary obligation" means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods.

(b) If a transaction is evidenced by records that include an instrument or series of instruments, the group of records taken together constitutes chattel paper.

(c) "Chattel paper" does not include (i) charters or other contracts involving the use or hire of a vessel or (ii) records that evidence a right to payment arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card.

(12) "Collateral" means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien, including:

(a) Proceeds to which a security interest attaches;

(b) Accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, and promissory notes that have been sold; and

(c) Goods that are the subject of a consignment.

(13) "Commercial tort claim" means a claim arising in tort with respect to which:

(a) The claimant is an organization; or

(b) The claimant is an individual, and the claim:

(i) Arose in the course of the claimant's business or profession; and

(ii) Does not include damages arising out of personal injury to or the death of an individual.

(14) "Commodity account" means an account maintained by a commodity intermediary in which a commodity contract is carried for a commodity customer.

(15) "Commodity contract" means a commodity futures contract, an option on a commodity futures contract, a commodity option, or another contract if the contract or option is:

(a) Traded on or subject to the rules of a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market for such a contract pursuant to the federal commodities laws; or

(b) Traded on a foreign commodity board of trade, exchange, or market and is carried on the books of a commodity intermediary for a commodity customer.

(16) "Commodity customer" means a person for whom a commodity intermediary carries a commodity contract on its books.

(17) "Commodity intermediary" means a person that:

(a) Is registered as a futures commission merchant under the federal commodities laws; or

(b) In the ordinary course of its business provides clearance or settlement services for a board of trade that has been designated as a contract market pursuant to the federal commodities laws.

(18) "Communicate" means:

(a) To send a written or other tangible record;

(b) To transmit a record by any means agreed upon by the persons sending and receiving the record; or

(c) In the case of transmission of a record to or by a filing office, to transmit a record by any means prescribed by filing-office rule.

(19) "Consignee" means a merchant to whom goods are delivered in a consignment.

(20) "Consignment" means a transaction, regardless of its form, in which a person delivers goods to a merchant for the purpose of sale and:

(a) The merchant:

(i) Deals in goods of that kind under a name other than the name of the person making delivery;

(ii) Is not an auctioneer; and

(iii) Is not generally known by its creditors to be substantially engaged in selling the goods of others;

(b) With respect to each delivery, the aggregate value of the goods is one thousand dollars or more at the time of delivery.

(c) The goods are not consumer goods immediately before delivery; and

(d) The transaction does not create a security interest that secures an obligation.

(21) "Consignor" means a person that delivers goods to a consignee in a consignment.

(22) "Consumer debtor" means a debtor in a consumer transaction.

(23) "Consumer goods" means goods that are used or bought for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(24) "Consumer-goods transaction" means a consumer transaction in which:

(a) An individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes; and

(b) A security interest in consumer goods secures the obligation.

(25) "Consumer obligor" means an obligor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation as part of a transaction entered into primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(26) "Consumer transaction" means a transaction in which: (a) an individual incurs an obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes, (b) a security interest secures the obligation, and (c) the collateral is held or acquired primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. "Consumer transaction" includes consumer-goods transactions.

(27) "Continuation statement" means an amendment of a financing statement that:

(a) Identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates; and

(b) Indicates that it is a continuation statement for, or that it is filed to continue the effectiveness of, the identified financing statement.

(28) "Debtor" means:

(a) A person having an interest, other than a security interest or other lien, in the collateral, whether or not the person is an obligor;

(b) A seller of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes; or

(c) A consignee.

(29) "Deposit account" means a demand, time, savings, passbook, or similar account maintained with a bank but does not include investment property or accounts evidenced by an instrument.

(30) "Document" means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in division (B) of section 1307.201 of the Revised Code.

(31) "Electronic chattel paper" means chattel paper evidenced by a record consisting of information stored in an electronic medium.

(32) "Encumbrance" means a right, other than an ownership interest, in real property. "Encumbrance" includes mortgages and other liens on real property.

(33) "Equipment" means goods other than inventory, farm products, or consumer goods.

(34) "Farm products" means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation and that are:

(a) Crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including:

(i) Crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes;

(ii) Aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations;

(iii) Algacultural products as defined in section 901.511 of the Revised Code that are produced as a result of algaculture meaning the farming of algae.

(b) Livestock, born or unborn, including aquatic goods produced in aquacultural operations;

(c) Supplies used or produced in a farming operation; or

(d) Products of crops or livestock in their unmanufactured states.

(35) "Farming operation" means raising, cultivating, propagating, fattening, grazing, or any other farming, livestock, or aquacultural operation.

(36) "File number" means the number assigned to an initial financing statement under division (A) of section 1309.519 of the Revised Code.

(37) "Filing office" means an office designated in section 1309.501 of the Revised Code as the place to file a financing statement.

(38) "Filing-office rule" means a rule adopted under section 1309.526 of the Revised Code.

(39) "Financing statement" means a record composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record or records relating to the initial financing statement. For the purposes of this chapter, financing statements filed for recording with the secretary of state shall not be required to include social security or employer identification numbers.

(40) "Fixture filing" means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying divisions (A) and (B) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code. "Fixture filing" includes the filing of a financing statement covering goods of a transmitting utility that are or are to become fixtures.

(41) "Fixtures" means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law.

(42) "General intangible" means any personal property, including things in action, other than accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, goods, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, and oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction. "General intangible" includes payment intangibles and software.

(43) "Good faith" has the same meaning as in section 1301.201 of the Revised Code.

(44)

(a) "Goods" means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. "Goods" includes (i) fixtures, (ii) standing timber that is to be cut and removed under a conveyance or contract for sale, (iii) the unborn young of animals, (iv) crops grown, growing, or to be grown, even if the crops are produced on trees, vines, or bushes, and (v) manufactured homes.

(b) "Goods" also includes a computer program embedded in goods and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program if (i) the program is associated with the goods in such a manner that it customarily is considered part of the goods, or (ii) by becoming the owner of the goods, a person acquires a right to use the program in connection with the goods.

(c) "Goods" does not include a computer program embedded in goods that consist solely of the medium in which the program is embedded. "Goods" does not include accounts, chattel paper, commercial tort claims, deposit accounts, documents, general intangibles, instruments, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, letters of credit, money, or oil, gas, or other minerals before extraction.

(45) "Governmental unit" means a subdivision, agency, department, county, parish, municipal corporation, or other unit of the government of the United States, a state, or a foreign country. "Governmental unit" includes an organization having a separate corporate existence if the organization is eligible to issue debt on which interest is exempt from income taxation under the laws of the United States.

(46) "Health-care-insurance receivable" means an interest in or claim under a policy of insurance that is a right to payment of a monetary obligation for health-care goods or services provided.

(47)

(a) "Instrument" means a negotiable instrument or any other writing that evidences a right to the payment of a monetary obligation, is not itself a security agreement or lease, and is of a type that in ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment.

(b) "Instrument" does not include (i) investment property, (ii) letters of credit, or (iii) writings that evidence a right to payment arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card.

(48) "Inventory" means goods, other than farm products, that:

(a) Are leased by a person as lessor;

(b) Are held by a person for sale or lease or to be furnished under a contract of service;

(c) Are furnished by a person under a contract of service; or

(d) Consist of raw materials, work in process, or materials used or consumed in a business.

(49) "Investment property" means a security, whether certificated or uncertificated, a security entitlement, a securities account, a commodity contract, or a commodity account.

(50) "Jurisdiction of organization," with respect to a registered organization, means the jurisdiction under whose law the organization is formed or organized.

(51) "Letter-of-credit right" means a right to payment or performance under a letter of credit, whether or not the beneficiary has demanded or is at the time entitled to demand payment or performance. "Letter-of-credit right" does not include the right of a beneficiary to demand payment or performance under a letter of credit.

(52) "Lien creditor" means:

(a) A creditor who has acquired a lien on the property involved by attachment, levy or the like;

(b) An assignee for benefit of creditors from the time of assignment;

(c) A trustee in bankruptcy from the date of the filing of the petition; or

(d) A receiver in equity from the time of appointment.

(53) "Manufactured home" means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, that, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or forty body feet or more in length, or, when erected on site, is three hundred twenty or more square feet, and that is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure. "Manufactured home" includes any structure that meets all of the requirements of this paragraph except the size requirements and with respect to which the manufacturer voluntarily files a certification required by the United States secretary of housing and urban development and complies with the standards established under Title 42 of the United States Code.

(54) "Manufactured-home transaction" means a secured transaction:

(a) That creates a purchase-money security interest in a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory; or

(b) In which a manufactured home, other than a manufactured home held as inventory, is the primary collateral.

(55) "Mortgage" means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, that secures payment or performance of an obligation.

(56) "New debtor" means a person that becomes bound as debtor under division (D) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code by a security agreement previously entered into by another person.

(57)

(a) "New value" means (i) money, (ii) money's worth in property, services, or new credit, or (iii) release by a transferee of an interest in property previously transferred to the transferee.

(b) "New value" does not include an obligation substituted for another obligation.

(58) "Noncash proceeds" means proceeds other than cash proceeds.

(59)

(a) "Obligor" means a person who, with respect to an obligation secured by a security interest in or an agricultural lien on the collateral, (i) owes payment or other performance of the obligation, (ii) has provided property other than the collateral to secure payment or other performance of the obligation, or (iii) is otherwise accountable in whole or in part for payment or other performance of the obligation.

(b) "Obligor" does not include issuers or nominated persons under a letter of credit.

(60) "Original debtor," except as used in division (C) of section 1309.310 of the Revised Code, means a person who, as debtor, entered into a security agreement to which a new debtor has become bound under division (D) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code.

(61) "Payment intangible" means a general intangible under which the account debtor's principal obligation is a monetary obligation.

(62) "Person related to," with respect to an individual, means:

(a) The spouse of the individual;

(b) A brother, brother-in-law, sister, or sister-in-law of the individual;

(c) An ancestor or lineal descendant of the individual or the individual's spouse; or

(d) Any other relative, by blood or marriage, of the individual or the individual's spouse who shares the same home with the individual.

(63) "Person related to," with respect to an organization, means:

(a) A person directly or indirectly controlling, controlled by, or under common control with the organization;

(b) An officer or director of, or a person performing similar functions with respect to, the organization;

(c) An officer or director of, or a person performing similar functions with respect to, a person described in division (A)(63)(a) of this section;

(d) The spouse of an individual described in division (A)(63)(a), (b), or (c) of this section; or

(e) An individual who is related by blood or marriage to an individual described in division (A)(63)(a), (b), (c), or (d) of this section and shares the same home with the individual.

(64) "Proceeds," except as used in division (B) of section 1309.609 of the Revised Code, means the following property:

(a) Whatever is acquired upon the sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition of collateral;

(b) Whatever is collected on, or distributed on account of, collateral;

(c) Rights arising out of collateral;

(d) To the extent of the value of collateral, claims arising out of the loss, nonconformity, or interference with the use of, defects or infringement of rights in, or damage to the collateral; or

(e) To the extent of the value of collateral and to the extent payable to the debtor or the secured party, insurance payable by reason of the loss or nonconformity of, defects or infringement of rights in, or damage to the collateral.

(65) "Promissory note" means an instrument that evidences a promise to pay a monetary obligation, does not evidence an order to pay, and does not contain an acknowledgment by a bank that the bank has received for deposit a sum of money or funds.

(66) "Proposal" means a record authenticated by a secured party that includes the terms on which the secured party is willing to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures pursuant to sections 1309.620 , 1309.621 , and 1309.622 of the Revised Code.

(67) "Public-finance transaction" means a secured transaction in connection with which:

(a) Debt securities are issued;

(b) All or a portion of the securities issued have an initial stated maturity of at least twenty years; and

(c) The debtor, obligor, secured party, account debtor or other person obligated on collateral, assignor or assignee of a secured obligation, or assignor or assignee of a security interest is a state or a governmental unit of a state.

(68) "Public organic record" means a record that is available to the public for inspection and is:

(a) A record consisting of the record initially filed with or issued by a state or the United States to form or organize an organization and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States that amends or restates the initial record;

(b) An organic record of a business trust consisting of the record initially filed with a state and any record filed with the state that amends or restates the initial record, if a statute of the state governing business trusts requires that the record be filed with the state; or

(c) A record consisting of legislation enacted by the legislature of a state or the congress of the United States that forms or organizes an organization, any record amending the legislation, and any record filed with or issued by the state or the United States that amends or restates the name of the organization.

(69) "Pursuant to commitment," with respect to an advance made or other value given by a secured party, means pursuant to the secured party's obligation, whether or not a subsequent event of default or other event not within the secured party's control has relieved or may relieve the secured party from its obligation.

(70) "Record," except as used in "for record," "of record," "record or legal title," and "record owner," means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.

(71) "Registered organization" means an organization formed or organized solely under the law of a single state or the United States by the filing of a public organic record with, the issuance of a public organic record by, or the enactment of legislation by the state or the United States. The term includes a business trust that is formed or organized under the law of a single state if a statute of the state governing business trusts requires that the business trust's organic record be filed with the state.

(72) "Secondary obligor" means an obligor to the extent that:

(a) The obligor's obligation is secondary; or

(b) The obligor has a right of recourse with respect to an obligation secured by collateral against the debtor, another obligor, or property of either.

(73) "Secured party" means:

(a) A person in whose favor a security interest is created or provided for under a security agreement, whether or not any obligation to be secured is outstanding;

(b) A person that holds an agricultural lien;

(c) A consignor;

(d) A person to whom accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes have been sold;

(e) A trustee, indenture trustee, agent, collateral agent, or other representative in whose favor a security interest or agricultural lien is created or provided for; or

(f) A person who holds a security interest arising under section 1302.42 , 1302.49 , 1302.85 , 1304.20 , 1305.18 , or 1310.54 of the Revised Code.

(74) "Security agreement" means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest.

(75) "Send," in connection with a record or notification, means:

(a) To deposit in the mail, deliver for transmission, or transmit by any other usual means of communication, with postage or cost of transmission provided for, addressed to any address reasonable under the circumstances; or

(b) To cause the record or notification to be received within the time that it would have been received if properly sent under division (A)(74)(a) of this section.

(76) "Software" means a computer program and any supporting information provided in connection with a transaction relating to the program. "Software" does not include a computer program that is included in the definition of goods.

(77) "State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.

(78) "Supporting obligation" means a letter-of-credit right or secondary obligation that supports the payment or performance of an account, chattel paper, a document, a general intangible, an instrument, or investment property.

(79) "Tangible chattel paper" means chattel paper evidenced by a record consisting of information that is inscribed on a tangible medium.

(80) "Termination statement" means an amendment of a financing statement that:

(a) Identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates; and

(b) Indicates either that it is a termination statement or that the identified financing statement is no longer effective.

(81) "Transmitting utility" means a person primarily engaged in the business of:

(a) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway, or trolley bus;

(b) Transmitting communications electrically, electromagnetically, or by light;

(c) Transmitting goods by pipeline or sewer; or

(d) Transmitting or producing and transmitting electricity, steam, gas, or water.

(B) Other definitions applying to this chapter are:

(1) "Applicant" has the same meaning as in section 1305.01 of the Revised Code.

(2) "Beneficiary" has the same meaning as in section 1305.01 of the Revised Code.

(3) "Broker" has the same meaning as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(4) "Certificated security" has the same meaning as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(5) "Check" has the same meaning as in section 1303.03 of the Revised Code.

(6) "Clearing corporation" has the same meaning as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(7) "Contract for sale" has the same meaning as in section 1302.01 of the Revised Code.

(8) "Control" with respect to a document of title, has the same meaning as in section 1307.106 of the Revised Code.

(9) "Customer" has the same meaning as in section 1304.01 of the Revised Code.

(10) "Entitlement holder" has the same meaning as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(11) "Financial asset" has the same meaning as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(12) "Holder in due course" has the same meaning as in section 1303.32 of the Revised Code.

(13) "Issuer," with respect to a letter of credit or letter-of-credit right, has the same meaning as in section 1305.01 of the Revised Code.

(14) "Issuer," with respect to a security, has the same meaning as in section 1308.08 of the Revised Code.

(15) "Issuer," with respect to a document of title, has the same meaning as in section 1307.102 of the Revised Code.

(16) "Lease," "lease agreement," "lease contract," "leasehold interest," "lessee," "lessee in ordinary course of business," "lessor," and "lessor's residual interest" have the same meanings as in section 1310.01 of the Revised Code.

(17) "Letter of credit" has the same meaning as in section 1305.01 of the Revised Code.

(18) "Merchant" has the same meaning as in section 1302.01 of the Revised Code.

(19) "Negotiable instrument" has the same meaning as in section 1303.03 of the Revised Code.

(20) "Nominated person" has the same meaning as in section 1305.01 of the Revised Code.

(21) "Note" has the same meaning as in section 1303.03 of the Revised Code.

(22) "Proceeds of a letter of credit" has the same meaning as in section 1305.13 of the Revised Code.

(23) "Prove" has the same meaning as in section 1303.01 of the Revised Code.

(24) "Sale" has the same meaning as in division (A)(11) of section 1302.01 of the Revised Code.

(25) "Securities account" has the same meaning as in section 1308.51 of the Revised Code.

(26) "Securities intermediary," "security," "security certificate," "security entitlement," and "uncertificated security" have the same meanings as in section 1308.01 of the Revised Code.

(C) In addition, Chapter 1301. of the Revised Code contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretations applicable throughout this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.102

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.82, HB 276, §1, eff. 6/4/2012.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001; 03-30-2006

1309.103 Purchase-money security interest - application of payments - burden of establishing - UCC 9-103.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Purchase-money collateral" means goods or software that secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to that collateral; and

(2) "Purchase-money obligation" means an obligation of an obligor incurred as all or part of the price of the collateral or for value given to enable the debtor to acquire rights in or the use of the collateral if the value is in fact so used.

(B) A security interest in goods is a purchase-money security interest:

(1) To the extent that the goods are purchase-money collateral with respect to that security interest;

(2) If the security interest is in inventory that is or was purchase-money collateral, also to the extent that the security interest secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to other inventory in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest; and

(3) To the extent that the security interest secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to software in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest.

(C) A security interest in software is a purchase-money security interest to the extent that the security interest also secures a purchase-money obligation incurred with respect to goods in which the secured party holds or held a purchase-money security interest if:

(1) The debtor acquired its interest in the software in an integrated transaction in which it acquired an interest in the goods; and

(2) The debtor acquired its interest in the software for the principal purpose of using the software in the goods.

(D) The security interest of a consignor in goods that are the subject of a consignment is a purchase-money security interest in inventory.

(E) In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, if the extent to which a security interest is a purchase-money security interest depends on the application of a payment to a particular obligation, the payment must be applied:

(1) In accordance with any reasonable method of application to which the parties agree;

(2) In the absence of the parties' agreement to a reasonable method, in accordance with any intention of the obligor manifested at or before the time of payment; or

(3) In the absence of an agreement to a reasonable method and a timely manifestation of the obligor's intention, in the following order:

(a) To obligations that are not secured;

(b) If more than one obligation is secured, to obligations secured by purchase-money security interests in the order in which those obligations were incurred.

(F) In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, a purchase-money security interest does not lose its status as a purchase-money security interest, even if:

(1) The purchase-money collateral also secures an obligation that is not a purchase-money obligation.

(2) Collateral that is not purchase-money collateral also secures the purchase-money obligation or

(3) The purchase-money obligation has been renewed, refinanced, consolidated, or restructured.

(G) In a transaction other than a consumer-goods transaction, a secured party claiming a purchase-money security interest has the burden of establishing the extent to which the security interest is a purchase-money security interest.

(H) The limitation in divisions (E), (F), and (G) of this section to transactions other than consumer-goods transactions is intended to leave to a court the determination of the proper rules in consumer-goods transactions. The court shall not infer from that limitation the nature of the proper rule in consumer-goods transactions and may continue to apply established approaches.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.103

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.104 Control of deposit account - UCC 9-104.

(A) A secured party has control of a deposit account if:

(1) The secured party is the bank with which the deposit account is maintained;

(2) The debtor, secured party, and bank have agreed in an authenticated record that the bank will comply with instructions originated by the secured party directing disposition of the funds in the deposit account without further consent by the debtor; or

(3) The secured party becomes the bank's customer with respect to the deposit account.

(B) A secured party that has satisfied division (A) of this section has control of a deposit account, even if the debtor retains the right to direct the disposition of funds from the deposit account.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.104

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.105 Control of electronic chattel paper - UCC 9-105.

(A) A secured party has control of electronic chattel paper if a system employed for evidencing the transfer of interests in the chattel paper reliably establishes the secured party as the person to which the chattel paper was assigned.

(B) A system satisfies division (A) of this section if the record or records comprising the chattel paper are created, stored, and assigned in such a manner that:

(1) A single authoritative copy of the record or records exists that is unique, identifiable, and, except as otherwise provided in divisions (B)(4) , (5), and (6) of this section, unalterable;

(2) The authoritative copy identifies the secured party as the assignee of the record or records;

(3) The authoritative copy is communicated to and maintained by the secured party or its designated custodian;

(4) Copies or amendments that add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy may be made only with the consent of the secured party;

(5) Each copy of the authoritative copy and any copy of a copy is readily identifiable as a copy that is not the authoritative copy; and

(6) Any amendment of the authoritative copy is readily identifiable as authorized or unauthorized .

Cite as R.C. § 1309.105

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.106 Control of investment property - UCC 9-106.

(A) A person has control of a certificated security, uncertificated security, or security entitlement as provided in section 1308.24 of the Revised Code.

(B) A secured party has control over a commodity contract if:

(1) The secured party is the commodity intermediary with which the commodity contract is carried; or

(2) The commodity customer, secured party, and commodity intermediary have agreed that the commodity intermediary will apply any value distributed on account of the commodity contract as directed by the secured party without further consent by the commodity customer.

(C) A secured party having control of all security entitlements or commodity contracts carried in a securities account or commodity account has control over the securities account or commodity account.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.106

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.107 Control of letter-of-credit right - UCC 9-107.

A secured party has control of a letter-of-credit right to the extent of any right to payment or performance by the issuer or any nominated person if the issuer or nominated person has consented to an assignment of proceeds of the letter of credit under division (C) of section 1305.13 of the Revised Code or otherwise applicable law or practice.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.107

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.108 Sufficiency of description - UCC 9-108.

(A) Except as provided in divisions (C), (D), and (E) of this section, any description of personal or real property is sufficient whether or not it is specific if it reasonably identifies what is described.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, a description of collateral reasonably identifies the collateral if it identifies the collateral by:

(1) Specific listing;

(2) Category;

(3) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a type of collateral defined in Chapters 1301., 1302., 1303., 1304., 1305., 1307., 1308., 1309., and 1310. of the Revised Code;

(4) Quantity;

(5) Computational or allocational formula or procedure; or

(6) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, any other method, if the identity of the collateral is objectively determinable.

(C) A description of collateral as "all the debtor's assets" or "all the debtor's personal property" or using words of similar import does not reasonably identify the collateral.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a description of a security entitlement, securities account, or commodity account is sufficient if it describes:

(1) The collateral by those terms or as investment property; or

(2) The underlying financial asset or commodity contract.

(E) A description only by type of collateral defined in Chapters 1301., 1302., 1303., 1304., 1305., 1307., 1308., 1309., and 1310. of the Revised Code is an insufficient description of:

(1) A commercial tort claim; or

(2) In a consumer transaction, consumer goods, a security entitlement, a securities account, or a commodity account.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.108

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.109 Scope of chapter - UCC 9-109.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (C) and (D) of this section, this chapter applies to the following:

(1) A transaction, regardless of its form, that creates a security interest in personal property or fixtures by contract;

(2) An agricultural lien;

(3) A sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes;

(4) A consignment;

(5) A security interest arising under section 1302.42 or 1302.49 , division (C) of section 1302.85 , or division (E) of section 1310.54 of the Revised Code, as provided in section 1309.110 of the Revised Code; and

(6) A security interest arising under section 1304.20 or 1305.18 of the Revised Code.

(B) The application of this chapter to a security interest in a secured obligation is not affected by the fact that the obligation is itself secured by a transaction or interest to which this chapter does not apply.

(C) This chapter does not apply to the extent that:

(1) A statute, regulation, or treaty of the United States preempts this chapter; or

(2) The rights of a transferee beneficiary or nominated person under a letter of credit are independent and superior under section 1305.13 of the Revised Code.

(D) This chapter does not apply to the following:

(1) A landlord's lien, other than an agricultural lien;

(2)

(a) A lien, not enumerated in division (D)(2) of this section and other than an agricultural lien, given by statute or other rule of law for services or materials, including any lien created under any provision of Chapter 926., sections 1311.55 to 1311.57 , sections 1311.71 to 1311.80 , section 1701.66 , or Chapter 4585. of the Revised Code;

(b) Notwithstanding division (D)(2)(a) of this section, section 1309.333 of the Revised Code applies with respect to priority of the lien.

(3) An assignment of a claim for wages, salary, or other compensation of an employee;

(4) A sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes as part of a sale of the business out of which they arose;

(5) An assignment of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes that is for the purpose of collection only;

(6) An assignment of a right to payment under a contract to an assignee that is also obligated to perform under the contract;

(7) An assignment of a single account, payment intangible, or promissory note to an assignee in full or partial satisfaction of a preexisting indebtedness;

(8) A transfer of an interest in or an assignment of a claim under a policy of insurance, other than an assignment by or to a health-care provider of a health-care-insurance receivable and any subsequent assignment of the right to payment, but sections 1309.315 and 1309.322 of the Revised Code apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds;

(9) An assignment of a right represented by a judgment, other than a judgment taken on a right to payment that was collateral;

(10) A right of recoupment or set-off, but:

(a) Section 1309.340 of the Revised Code applies with respect to the effectiveness of rights of recoupment or set-off against deposit accounts; and

(b) Section 1309.404 of the Revised Code applies with respect to defenses or claims of an account debtor.

(11) The creation or transfer of an interest in or lien on real property, including a lease or rents under a lease, except to the extent that provision is made for:

(a) Liens on real property in sections 1309.203 and 1309.308 of the Revised Code;

(b) Fixtures in section 1309.334 of the Revised Code;

(c) Fixture filings in sections 1309.501 , 1309.502 , 1309.512 , 1309.516 , and 1309.519 of the Revised Code; and

(d) Security agreements covering personal and real property in section 1309.604 of the Revised Code.

(12) An assignment of a claim arising in tort, other than a commercial tort claim, but sections 1309.315 and 1309.322 of the Revised Code apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds;

(13) An assignment of a deposit account in a consumer transaction, but sections 1309.315 and 1309.322 of the Revised Code apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds; or

(14) A transfer by a government, state, or governmental unit.

(E) The granting of a security interest in all or any part of a lottery prize award for consideration is subject to the prohibition of division (C) of section 3770.07 of the Revised Code. The sale, assignment, or other redirection of a lottery prize award for consideration is subject to the provisions of division (D) of section 3770.07 and sections 3770.10 to 3770.14 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.109

Effective Date: 09-26-2003

1309.110 Security interests arising under article 2 or 2A - UCC 9-110.

A security interest arising under sections 1302.42 and 1302.49 , division (C) of section 1302.85 , or division (E) of section 1310.54 of the Revised Code is subject to this chapter. However, until the debtor obtains possession of the goods:

(A) The security interest is enforceable even if division (B)(3) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code has not been satisfied;

(B) Filing is not required to perfect the security interest;

(C) The rights of the secured party after default by the debtor are governed by Chapter 1302. or 1310. of the Revised Code; and

(D) The security interest has priority over a conflicting security interest created by the debtor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.110

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.201 General effectiveness of security agreement - UCC 9-201.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in Chapters 1301., 1302., 1303., 1304., 1305., 1307., 1308., 1309., and 1310. of the Revised Code, a security agreement is effective according to its terms between the parties, against purchasers of the collateral, and against creditors.

(B) A transaction, although subject to this chapter, is also subject to any applicable law that establishes a different rule for consumers and to Chapter 1317., sections 1321.01 to 1321.33 and divisions (A), (B), and (C) of section 1321.99 of the Revised Code.

(C) In the event of conflict between the provisions of this chapter and the provisions of sections 1317.01 to 1317.99 , 1321.01 to 1321.33 , and divisions (A), (B), and (C) of section 1321.99 of the Revised Code, the provisions of sections 1317.01 to 1317.99 , 1321.01 to 1321.33 , and divisions (A), (B), and (C) of section 1321.99 of the Revised Code shall prevail. Failure to comply with those provisions has only the effect provided in those provisions.

(D) This article does not:

(1) Validate any rate, charge, agreement, or practice that violates a rule of law, statute, or regulation described in division (B) of this section; or

(2) Extend the application of the rule of law, statute, or regulation to a transaction not otherwise subject to it.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.201

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.202 Title to collateral immaterial - UCC 9-202.

Except as otherwise provided with respect to consignments or sales of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes, the provisions of this chapter with regard to rights and obligations apply whether title to collateral is in the secured party or in the debtor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.202

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.203 Attachment and enforceability of security interest - proceeds - supporting obligation - formal requisites - UCC 9-203.

(A) A security interest attaches to collateral when it becomes enforceable against the debtor with respect to the collateral, unless an agreement expressly postpones the time of attachment.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (C) to (I) of this section, a security interest is enforceable against the debtor and third parties with respect to the collateral only if:

(1) Value has been given;

(2) The debtor has rights in the collateral or the power to transfer rights in the collateral to a secured party; and

(3) One of the following conditions is met:

(a) The debtor has authenticated a security agreement that provides a description of the collateral and, if the security interest covers timber to be cut, a description of the land concerned;

(b) The collateral is not a certificated security and is in the possession of the secured party under section 1309.313 of the Revised Code pursuant to the debtor's security agreement;

(c) The collateral is a certificated security in registered form and the security certificate has been delivered to the secured party under section 1308.27 of the Revised Code pursuant to the debtor's security agreement; or

(d) The collateral is deposit accounts, electronic chattel paper, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, or electronic documents, and the secured party has control under section 1307.106 , 1309.104 , 1309.105 , 1309.106 , or 1309.107 of the Revised Code pursuant to the debtor's security agreement.

(C) Division (B) of this section is subject to section 1304.20 of the Revised Code on the security interest of a collecting bank, section 1305.18 of the Revised Code on the security interest of a letter-of-credit issuer or nominated person, section 1309.110 of the Revised Code on a security interest arising under Chapter 1302. or 1310. of the Revised Code, and section 1309.206 of the Revised Code on security interests in investment property.

(D) A person becomes bound as debtor by a security agreement entered into by another person if, by operation of law other than this article or by contract:

(1) The security agreement becomes effective to create a security interest in the person's property; or

(2) The person becomes generally obligated for the obligations of the other person, including the obligation secured under the security agreement, and acquires or succeeds to all or substantially all of the assets of the other person.

(E) If a new debtor becomes bound as debtor by a security agreement entered into by another person:

(1) The agreement satisfies division (B)(3) of this section with respect to existing or after-acquired property of the new debtor to the extent the property is described in the agreement; and

(2) Another agreement is not necessary to make a security interest in the property enforceable.

(F) The attachment of a security interest in collateral gives the secured party the rights to proceeds provided by section 1309.315 of the Revised Code and is also attachment of a security interest in a supporting obligation for the collateral.

(G) The attachment of a security interest in a right to payment or performance secured by a security interest or other lien on personal or real property is also attachment of a security interest in the security interest, mortgage, or other lien.

(H) The attachment of a security interest in a securities account is also attachment of a security interest in the security entitlements carried in the securities account.

(I) The attachment of a security interest in a commodity account is also attachment of a security interest in the commodity contracts carried in the commodity account.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.203

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.204 After-acquired property - future advances - UCC 9-204.

(A) Except as provided in division (B) of this section, a security agreement may create or provide for a security interest in after-acquired collateral.

(B) A security interest does not attach under a term constituting an after-acquired property clause to:

(1) Consumer goods other than accessions when given as additional security unless the debtor acquires rights in them within ten days after the secured party gives value; or

(2) A commercial tort claim.

(C) A security agreement may provide that collateral secures, or that accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes are sold in connection with, future advances or other value, whether or not the advances or value are given pursuant to commitment.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.204

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.205 Use or disposition of collateral permissible - UCC 9-205.

(A) A security interest is not invalid or fraudulent against creditors solely because:

(1) The debtor has the right or ability to:

(a) Use, commingle, or dispose of all or part of the collateral, including returned or repossessed goods;

(b) Collect, compromise, enforce, or otherwise deal with collateral;

(c) Accept the return of collateral or make repossessions; or

(d) Use, commingle, or dispose of proceeds; or

(2) The secured party fails to require the debtor to account for proceeds or replace collateral.

(B) This section does not relax the requirements of possession if attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest depends upon possession of the collateral by the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.205

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.206 Security interest arising in purchase or delivery of financial asset - UCC 9-206.

(A) A security interest in favor of a securities intermediary attaches to a person's security entitlement if:

(1) The person buys a financial asset through a securities intermediary in a transaction in which the person is obligated to pay the purchase price to the securities intermediary at the time of the purchase; and

(2) The securities intermediary credits the financial asset to the buyer's securities account before the buyer pays the securities intermediary.

(B) The security interest described in division (A) of this section secures the person's obligation to pay for the financial asset.

(C) A security interest in favor of a person that delivers a certificated security or other financial asset represented by a writing attaches to the security or other financial asset if:

(1) The security or other financial asset:

(a) In the ordinary course of business is transferred by delivery with any necessary indorsement or assignment; and

(b) Is delivered under an agreement between persons in the business of dealing with such securities or financial assets; and

(2) The agreement calls for delivery against payment.

(D) The security interest described in division (C) of this section secures the obligation to make payment for the delivery.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.206

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.207 Rights and duties of secured party having possession or control of collateral - UCC 9-207.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, a secured party shall use reasonable care in the custody and preservation of collateral in the secured party's possession. In the case of an instrument or chattel paper, reasonable care includes taking necessary steps to preserve rights against prior parties unless otherwise agreed.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, if a secured party has possession of collateral:

(1) Reasonable expenses, including the cost of insurance and payment of taxes or other charges, incurred in the custody, preservation, use, or operation of the collateral are chargeable to the debtor and are secured by the collateral;

(2) The risk of accidental loss or damage is on the debtor to the extent of a deficiency in any effective insurance coverage;

(3) The secured party shall keep the collateral identifiable but fungible collateral may be commingled; and

(4) The secured party may use or operate the collateral:

(a) For the purpose of preserving the collateral or its value;

(b) As permitted by an order of a court having competent jurisdiction; or

(c) Except in the case of consumer goods, in the manner and to the extent agreed by the debtor.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, a secured party having possession of collateral or control of collateral under section 1307.106 , 1309.104 , 1309.105 , 1309.106 , or 1309.107 of the Revised Code:

(1) May hold as additional security any proceeds, except money or funds, received from the collateral;

(2) Shall apply money or funds received from the collateral to reduce the secured obligation, unless remitted to the debtor; and

(3) May create a security interest in the collateral.

(D) If the secured party is a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes or a consignor:

(1) Division (A) of this section does not apply unless the secured party is entitled under an agreement:

(a) To charge back uncollected collateral; or

(b) Otherwise to full or limited recourse against the debtor or a secondary obligor based on the nonpayment or other default of an account debtor or other obligor on the collateral; and

(2) Divisions (B) and (C) of this section do not apply.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.207

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.208 Additional duties of secured party having control of collateral - UCC 9-208.

(A) This section applies to cases in which there is no outstanding secured obligation and the secured party is not committed to make advances, incur obligations, or otherwise give value.

(B) Within ten days after receiving an authenticated demand by the debtor:

(1) A secured party having control of a deposit account under division (A)(2) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code shall send to the bank with which the deposit account is maintained an authenticated statement that releases the bank from any further obligation to comply with instructions originated by the secured party.

(2) A secured party having control of a deposit account under division (A)(3) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code shall:

(a) Pay the debtor the balance on deposit in the deposit account; or

(b) Transfer the balance on deposit into a deposit account in the debtor's name.

(3) A secured party, other than a buyer, having control of electronic chattel paper under section 1309.105 of the Revised Code shall:

(a) Communicate the authoritative copy of the electronic chattel paper to the debtor or its designated custodian;

(b) If the debtor designates a custodian that is the designated custodian with which the authoritative copy of the electronic chattel paper is maintained for the secured party, communicate to the custodian an authenticated record releasing the designated custodian from any further obligation to comply with instructions originated by the secured party and instructing the custodian to comply with instructions originated by the debtor; and

(c) Take appropriate action to enable the debtor or its designated custodian to make copies of or revisions to the authoritative copy that add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy without the consent of the secured party.

(4) A secured party having control of investment property under division (D)(2) of section 1308.24 or division (B) of section 1309.106 of the Revised Code shall send to the securities intermediary or commodity intermediary with which the security entitlement or commodity contract is maintained an authenticated record that releases the securities intermediary or commodity intermediary from any further obligation to comply with entitlement orders or directions originated by the secured party; and

(5) A secured party having control of a letter-of-credit right under section 1309.107 of the Revised Code shall send to each person having an unfulfilled obligation to pay or deliver proceeds of the letter of credit to the secured party an authenticated release from any further obligation to pay or deliver proceeds of the letter of credit to the secured party.

(6) A secured party having control of an electronic document shall:

(a) Give control of the electronic document to the debtor or its designated custodian;

(b) If the debtor designates a custodian that is the designated custodian with which the authoritative copy of the electronic document is maintained for the secured party, communicate to the custodian an authenticated record releasing the designated custodian from any further obligation to comply with instructions originated by the secured party and instructing the custodian to comply with instructions originated by the debtor; and

(c) Take appropriate action to enable the debtor or its designated custodian to make copies of or revisions to the authoritative copy which add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy without the consent of the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.208

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.209 Duties of secured party if account debtor has been notified of assignment - UCC 9-209.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, this section applies if:

(1) There is no outstanding secured obligation; and

(2) The secured party is not committed to make advances, incur obligations, or otherwise give value.

(B) Within ten days after receiving an authenticated demand by the debtor, a secured party shall send to an account debtor that has received notification of an assignment to the secured party as assignee under division (A) of section 1309.406 of the Revised Code an authenticated record that releases the account debtor from any further obligation to the secured party.

(C) This section does not apply to an assignment constituting the sale of an account, chattel paper, or payment intangible.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.209

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.210 Request for accounting - request regarding list of collateral or statement of account - UCC 9-210.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Request" means a record of a type described in division (A)(2), (3), or (4) of this section.

(2) "Request for an accounting" means a record authenticated by a debtor requesting that the recipient provide an accounting of the unpaid obligations secured by collateral and reasonably identifying the transaction or relationship that is the subject of the request.

(3) "Request regarding a list of collateral" means a record authenticated by a debtor requesting that the recipient approve or correct a list of what the debtor believes to be the collateral securing an obligation and reasonably identifying the transaction or relationship that is the subject of the request.

(4) "Request regarding a statement of account" means a record authenticated by a debtor requesting that the recipient approve or correct a statement indicating what the debtor believes to be the aggregate amount of unpaid obligations secured by collateral as of a specified date and reasonably identifying the transaction or relationship that is the subject of the request.

(B) Subject to divisions (C), (D), (E), and (F) of this section, a secured party, other than a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes or a consignor, shall comply with a request within fourteen days after receipt:

(1) In the case of a request for an accounting, by authenticating and sending to the debtor an accounting; and

(2) In the case of a request regarding a list of collateral or a request regarding a statement of account, by authenticating and sending to the debtor an approval or correction.

(C) A secured party that claims a security interest in all of a particular type of collateral owned by the debtor may comply with a request regarding a list of collateral by sending to the debtor an authenticated record including a statement to that effect within fourteen days after receipt.

(D) A person that receives a request regarding a list of collateral, claims no interest in the collateral when it receives the request, and claimed an interest in the collateral at an earlier time shall comply with the request within fourteen days after receipt by sending to the debtor an authenticated record:

(1) Disclaiming any interest in the collateral; and

(2) If known to the recipient, providing the name and mailing address of any assignee of or successor to the recipient's interest in the collateral.

(E) A person that receives a request for an accounting or a request regarding a statement of account, claims no interest in the obligations when it receives the request, and claimed an interest in the obligations at an earlier time shall comply with the request within fourteen days after receipt by sending to the debtor an authenticated record:

(1) Disclaiming any interest in the obligations; and

(2) If known to the recipient, providing the name and mailing address of any assignee of or successor to the recipient's interest in the obligations.

(F) A debtor is entitled without charge to one response to a request under this section during any six-month period. The secured party may require payment of a charge not exceeding twenty-five dollars for each additional response.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.210

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.301 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests - UCC 9-301.

Except as otherwise provided in sections 1309.303 to 1309.306 of the Revised Code, the following rules determine the law governing perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in collateral:

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this section, while a debtor is located in a jurisdiction, the local law of that jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in collateral.

(B) While collateral is located in a jurisdiction, the local law of that jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a possessory security interest in that collateral.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, while tangible negotiable documents, goods, instruments, money, or tangible chattel paper is located in a jurisdiction, the local law of that jurisdiction governs:

(1) Perfection of a security interest in the goods by filing a fixture filing;

(2) Perfection of a security interest in timber to be cut; and

(3) The effect of perfection or nonperfection and the priority of a nonpossessory security interest in the collateral.

(D) The local law of the jurisdiction in which the wellhead or minehead is located governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in as-extracted collateral.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.301

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.302 Law governing perfection and priority of agricultural liens - UCC 9-302.

While farm products are located in a jurisdiction, the local law of that jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of an agricultural lien on the farm products.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.302

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.303 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in goods covered by a certificate of title - UCC 9-303.

(A) This section applies to goods covered by a certificate of title, even if there is no other relationship between the jurisdiction under whose certificate of title the goods are covered and the goods or the debtor.

(B) Goods become covered by a certificate of title when a valid application for the certificate of title and the applicable fee are delivered to the appropriate authority. Goods cease to be covered by a certificate of title at the earlier of the time the certificate of title ceases to be effective under the law of the issuing jurisdiction or the time the goods become covered subsequently by a certificate of title issued by another jurisdiction.

(C) The local law of the jurisdiction under whose certificate of title the goods are covered governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in goods covered by a certificate of title from the time the goods become covered by the certificate of title until the goods cease to be covered by the certificate of title.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.303

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.304 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in deposit accounts - UCC 9-304.

(A) The local law of a bank's jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in a deposit account maintained with that bank.

(B) The following rules determine a bank's jurisdiction for purposes of this section:

(1) If an agreement between the bank and the debtor governing the deposit account expressly provides that a particular jurisdiction is the bank's jurisdiction for purposes of this chapter or Chapters 1301. to 1305. and 1307. to 1310. of the Revised Code, that jurisdiction is the bank's jurisdiction.

(2) If division (B)(1) of this section does not apply and an agreement between the bank and its customer governing the deposit account expressly provides that the agreement is governed by the law of a particular jurisdiction, that jurisdiction is the bank's jurisdiction.

(3) If neither division (B)(1) nor (2) of this section applies and an agreement between the bank and its customer governing the deposit account expressly provides that the deposit account is maintained at an office in a particular jurisdiction, that jurisdiction is the bank's jurisdiction.

(4) If neither division (B)(1), (2), nor (3) of this section applies, the bank's jurisdiction is the jurisdiction in which the office identified in an account statement as the office serving the customer's account is located.

(5) If neither division (B)(1), (2), (3), nor (4) of this section applies, the bank's jurisdiction is the jurisdiction in which the chief executive office of the bank is located.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.304

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.305 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in investment property - UCC 9-305.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, the following rules apply:

(1) While a security certificate is located in a jurisdiction, the local law of that jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in the certificated security represented thereby.

(2) The local law of the issuer's jurisdiction as specified in division (D) of section 1308.05 of the Revised Code governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in an uncertificated security.

(3) The local law of the securities intermediary's jurisdiction as specified in division (E) of section 1308.05 of the Revised Code governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in a security entitlement or securities account.

(4) The local law of the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in a commodity contract or commodity account.

(B) The following rules determine a commodity intermediary's jurisdiction for purposes of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code:

(1) If an agreement between the commodity intermediary and commodity customer governing the commodity account expressly provides that a particular jurisdiction is the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction for purposes of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, this chapter, or Chapters 1301., 1302., 1303., 1304., 1305., 1307., 1308., 1309., and 1310. of the Revised Code, that jurisdiction is the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction.

(2) If division (B)(1) of this section does not apply and an agreement between the commodity intermediary and commodity customer governing the commodity account expressly provides that the agreement is governed by the law of a particular jurisdiction, that jurisdiction is the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction.

(3) If neither division (B)(1) nor (2) of this section applies and an agreement between the commodity intermediary and commodity customer governing the commodity account expressly provides that the commodity account is maintained at an office in a particular jurisdiction, that jurisdiction is the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction.

(4) If neither division (B)(1), (2), nor (3) of this section applies, the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction is the jurisdiction in which the office identified in an account statement as the office serving the commodity customer's account is located.

(5) If neither division (B)(1), (2), (3), nor (4) of this section applies, the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction is the jurisdiction in which the chief executive office of the commodity intermediary is located.

(C) The local law of the jurisdiction in which the debtor is located governs:

(1) Perfection of a security interest in investment property by filing;

(2) Automatic perfection of a security interest in investment property created by a broker or securities intermediary; and

(3) Automatic perfection of a security interest in a commodity contract or commodity account created by a commodity intermediary.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.305

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.306 Law governing perfection and priority of security interests in letter-of-credit rights - UCC 9-306.

(A) Subject to division (C) of this section, the local law of the issuer's jurisdiction or a nominated person's jurisdiction governs perfection, the effect of perfection or nonperfection, and the priority of a security interest in a letter-of-credit right if the issuer's jurisdiction or nominated person's jurisdiction is a state.

(B) For purposes of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, an issuer's jurisdiction or nominated person's jurisdiction is the jurisdiction whose law governs the liability of the issuer or nominated person with respect to the letter-of-credit right as provided in section 1305.15 of the Revised Code.

(C) This section does not apply to a security interest that is perfected only under division (D) of section 1309.308 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.306

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.307 Location of debtor - UCC 9-307.

(A) As used in this section, "place of business" means a place where a debtor conducts the debtor's affairs.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the following rules determine a debtor's location:

(1) A debtor who is an individual is located at the individual's principal residence.

(2) A debtor that is an organization and has only one place of business is located at its place of business.

(3) A debtor that is an organization and has more than one place of business is located at its chief executive office.

(C) Division (B) of this section applies only if a debtor's residence, place of business, or chief executive office, as applicable, is located in a jurisdiction whose law generally requires information concerning the existence of a nonpossessory security interest to be made generally available in a filing, recording, or registration system as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the collateral. If division (B) of this section does not apply, the debtor is located in the District of Columbia.

(D) A person that ceases to exist, have a residence, or have a place of business continues to be located in the jurisdiction specified by divisions (B) and (C) of this section.

(E) A registered organization that is organized under the law of a state is located in that state.

(F) Except as otherwise provided in division (I) of this section, a registered organization that is organized under the law of the United States and a branch or agency of a bank that is not organized under the law of the United States or a state are located:

(1) In the state that the law of the United States designates, if the law designates a state of location;

(2) In the state that the registered organization, branch, or agency designates, if the law of the United States authorizes the registered organization, branch, or agency to designate its state of location, including by designating its main office, home office, or other comparable office; or

(3) In the District of Columbia, if neither division (F)(1) nor (2) of this section applies.

(G) A registered organization continues to be located in the jurisdiction specified by division (E) or (F) of this section notwithstanding:

(1) The suspension, revocation, forfeiture, or lapse of the registered organization's status in its jurisdiction of organization; or

(2) The dissolution, winding up, or cancellation of the existence of the registered organization.

(H) The United States is located in the District of Columbia.

(I) A branch or agency of a bank that is not organized under the law of the United States or a state is located in the state in which the branch or agency is licensed, if all branches and agencies of the bank are licensed in only one state.

(J) A foreign air carrier under the "Federal Aviation Act of 1958," 49 U.S.C. 40102 , as amended, is located at the designated office of the agent upon which service of process may be made on behalf of the carrier.

(K) This section applies only for the purposes of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.307

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.308 When security interest or agricultural lien is perfected - continuity of perfection - UCC 9-308.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this section and section 1309.309 of the Revised Code, a security interest is perfected if it has attached and all of the applicable requirements for perfection in sections 1309.310 to 1309.316 of the Revised Code have been satisfied. A security interest is perfected when it attaches if the applicable requirements are satisfied before the security interest attaches.

(B) An agricultural lien is perfected if it has become effective and all of the applicable requirements for perfection in section 1309.310 of the Revised Code have been satisfied. An agricultural lien is perfected when it becomes effective if the applicable requirements are satisfied before the agricultural lien becomes effective.

(C) A security interest or agricultural lien is perfected continuously if it is originally perfected by one method under this chapter and is later perfected by another method under this chapter, without an intermediate period when it was unperfected.

(D) Perfection of a security interest in collateral also perfects a security interest in a supporting obligation for the collateral.

(E) Perfection of a security interest in a right to payment or performance also perfects a security interest in a security interest, mortgage, or other lien on personal or real property securing the right.

(F) Perfection of a security interest in a securities account also perfects a security interest in the security entitlements carried in the securities account.

(G) Perfection of a security interest in a commodity account also perfects a security interest in the commodity contracts carried in the commodity account.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.308

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.309 Security interest perfected upon attachment - UCC 9-309.

The following security interests are perfected when they attach:

(A) A purchase money security interest in consumer goods, except as otherwise provided in division (B) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code with respect to consumer goods that are subject to a statute or treaty described in division (A) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code;

(B) An assignment of accounts or payment intangibles that does not by itself or in conjunction with other assignments to the same assignee transfer a significant part of the assignor's outstanding accounts or payment intangibles;

(C) A sale of a payment intangible;

(D) A sale of a promissory note;

(E) A security interest created by the assignment of a health-care-insurance receivable to the provider of the health-care goods or services;

(F) A security interest arising under section 1302.42 , 1302.49 , division (C) of section 1302.85 , or division (E) of section 1310.54 of the Revised Code, until the debtor obtains possession of the collateral;

(G) A security interest of a collecting bank arising under section 1304.20 of the Revised Code;

(H) A security interest of an issuer or nominated person arising under section 1305.18 of the Revised Code;

(I) A security interest arising in the delivery of a financial asset under division (C) of section 1309.206 of the Revised Code;

(J) A security interest in investment property created by a broker or securities intermediary;

(K) A security interest in a commodity contract or a commodity account created by a commodity intermediary;

(L) An assignment for the benefit of all creditors of the transferor and subsequent transfers by the assignee thereunder; and

(M) A security interest created by an assignment of a beneficial interest in a decedent's estate.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.309

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.310 When filing required to perfect security interest or agricultural lien - security interests and agricultural liens to which filing provisions do not apply - UCC 9-310.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section and division (B) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code, a financing statement must be filed to perfect all security interests and agricultural liens.

(B) The filing of a financing statement is not necessary to perfect a security interest:

(1) That is perfected under division (D), (E), (F), or (G) of section 1309.308 of the Revised Code;

(2) That is perfected under section 1309.309 of the Revised Code when it attaches;

(3) In property subject to a statute, regulation, or treaty described in division (A) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code;

(4) In goods in possession of a bailee which is perfected under division (D)(1) or (2) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code;

(5) In certificated securities, documents, goods, or instruments which is perfected without filing, control, or possession under division (E), (F), or (G) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code;

(6) In collateral in the secured party's possession under section 1309.313 of the Revised Code;

(7) In a certificated security perfected by delivery of the security certificate to the secured party under section 1309.313 of the Revised Code;

(8) In deposit accounts, electronic chattel paper, electronic documents, investment property, or letter-of-credit rights perfected by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code;

(9) In proceeds which is perfected under section 1309.315 of the Revised Code; or

(10) That is perfected under section 1309.316 of the Revised Code.

(C) If a secured party assigns a perfected security interest or agricultural lien, a filing under this chapter is not required to continue the perfected status of the security interest against creditors of and transferees from the original debtor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.310

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.311 Perfection of security interests in property subject to certain statutes, regulations, and treaties - UCC 9-311.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, the filing of a financing statement is not necessary or effective to perfect a security interest in property subject to:

(1) A statute, regulation, or treaty of the United States whose requirements for a security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the property preempt division (A) of section 1309.310 of the Revised Code;

(2) Chapters 1547., 1548., 4505., 4519., and 5309. of the Revised Code;

(3) A statute of another jurisdiction that provides for a security interest to be indicated on a certificate of title as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor with respect to the property.

(B) Compliance with the requirements of a statute, regulation, or treaty described in division (A) of this section for obtaining priority over the rights of a lien creditor is equivalent to the filing of a financing statement under this chapter. Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, section 1309.313 , and divisions (D) and (E) of section 1309.316 of the Revised Code for goods covered by a certificate of title, a security interest in property subject to a statute, regulation, or treaty described in division (A) of this section may be perfected only by compliance with those requirements, and a security interest so perfected remains perfected notwithstanding a change in the use or transfer of possession of the collateral.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section and divisions (D) and (E) of section 1309.316 of the Revised Code, duration and renewal of perfection of a security interest perfected by compliance with the requirements prescribed by a statute, regulation, or treaty described in division (A) of this section are governed by the statute, regulation, or treaty. In other respects, the security interest is subject to this chapter.

(D) During any period in which collateral subject to a statute specified in division (A)(2) of this section is inventory held for sale or lease by a person or leased by that person as lessor and that person is in the business of selling goods of that kind, this section does not apply to a security interest in that collateral created by that person.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.311

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.312 Perfection of security interests - UCC 9-312.

(A) A security interest in chattel paper, negotiable documents, instruments, or investment property may be perfected by filing.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (C) and (D) of section 1309.315 of the Revised Code for proceeds:

(1) A security interest in a deposit account may be perfected only by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code;

(2) And except as otherwise provided in division (D) of section 1309.308 of the Revised Code, a security interest in a letter-of-credit right may be perfected only by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code; and

(3) A security interest in money may be perfected only by the secured party's taking possession under section 1309.313 of the Revised Code.

(C) While goods are in the possession of a bailee that has issued a negotiable document covering the goods:

(1) A security interest in the goods may be perfected by perfecting a security interest in the document; and

(2) A security interest perfected in the document has priority over any security interest that becomes perfected in the goods by another method during that time.

(D) While goods are in the possession of a bailee that has issued a non-negotiable document covering the goods, a security interest in the goods may be perfected by:

(1) Issuance of a document in the name of the secured party;

(2) The bailee's receipt of notification of the secured party's interest; or

(3) Filing as to the goods.

(E) A security interest in certificated securities, or negotiable documents, or instruments is perfected without filing or the taking of possession or control for a period of twenty days from the time it attaches to the extent that it arises for new value given under an authenticated security agreement.

(F) A perfected security interest in a negotiable document or goods in possession of a bailee, other than one that has issued a negotiable document for the goods, remains perfected for a period of twenty days without filing if the secured party makes available to the debtor the goods or documents representing the goods for the purpose of:

(1) Ultimate sale or exchange; or

(2) Loading, unloading, storing, shipping, trans-shipping, manufacturing, processing, or otherwise dealing with them in a manner preliminary to their sale or exchange.

(G) A perfected security interest in an instrument or certificated security remains perfected for twenty days without filing if the secured party delivers the security certificate or instrument to the debtor for the purpose of:

(1) Ultimate sale or exchange; or

(2) Presentation, collection, enforcement, renewal, or registration of transfer.

(H) After the twenty-day period specified in divisions (E), (F), or (G) of this section expires, perfection depends upon compliance with this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.312

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.313 When possession by or delivery to secured party perfects security interest without filing - UCC 9-313.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, a secured party may perfect a security interest in tangible negotiable documents, goods, instruments, money, or tangible chattel paper by taking possession of the collateral. A secured party may perfect a security interest in certificated securities by taking delivery of the certificated securities under section 1308.27 of the Revised Code.

(B) With respect to goods covered by a certificate of title issued by this state, a secured party may perfect a security interest in the goods by taking possession of the goods only in the circumstances described in division (D) of section 1309.316 of the Revised Code.

(C) With respect to collateral other than certificated securities and goods covered by a document, a secured party takes possession of collateral in the possession of a person other than the debtor, the secured party, or a lessee of the collateral from the debtor in the ordinary course of the debtor's business, when:

(1) The person in possession authenticates a record acknowledging that the person holds possession of the collateral for the secured party's benefit; or

(2) The person takes possession of the collateral after having authenticated a record acknowledging that the person will hold possession of collateral for the secured party's benefit.

(D) If perfection of a security interest depends upon possession of the collateral by a secured party, perfection occurs no earlier than the time the secured party takes possession and continues only while the secured party retains possession.

(E) A security interest in a certificated security in registered form is perfected by delivery when delivery of the certificated security occurs under section 1308.27 of the Revised Code and remains perfected by delivery until the debtor obtains possession of the security certificate.

(F) A person in possession of collateral is not required to acknowledge that the person holds possession for a secured party's benefit.

(G) If a person acknowledges that the person holds possession for the secured party's benefit:

(1) The acknowledgment is effective under division (C) of this section or division (A) of section 1308.27 of the Revised Code, even if the acknowledgment violates the rights of a debtor; and

(2) Unless the person otherwise agrees or law other than this chapter otherwise provides, the person does not owe any duty to the secured party and is not required to confirm the acknowledgment to another person.

(H) A secured party having possession of collateral does not relinquish possession by delivering the collateral to a person other than the debtor or a lessee of the collateral from the debtor in the ordinary course of the debtor's business if the person was instructed before the delivery or is instructed contemporaneously with the delivery:

(1) To hold possession of the collateral for the secured party's benefit; or

(2) To redeliver the collateral to the secured party.

(I) A secured party does not relinquish possession, even if a delivery under division (H) of this section violates the rights of a debtor. A person to whom collateral is delivered under division (H) of this section does not owe any duty to the secured party and is not required to confirm the delivery to another person unless the person otherwise agrees or law other than this chapter otherwise provides.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.313

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.314 Perfection by control - UCC 9-314.

(A) A security interest in investment property, deposit accounts, letter-of-credit rights, electronic chattel paper, or electronic documents may be perfected by control of the collateral under section 1307.106 , 1309.104 , 1309.105 , 1309.106 , or 1309.107 of the Revised Code.

(B) A security interest in deposit accounts, electronic chattel paper, letter-of-credit rights, or electronic documents is perfected by control under section 1307.106 , 1309.104 , 1309.105 , or 1309.107 of the Revised Code when the secured party obtains control and remains perfected by control only while the secured party retains control.

(C) A security interest in investment property is perfected by control under section 1309.106 of the Revised Code from the time the secured party obtains control and remains perfected by control until:

(1) The secured party does not have control; and

(2) One of the following occurs:

(a) If the collateral is a certificated security, the debtor has or acquires possession of the security certificate;

(b) If the collateral is an uncertificated security, the issuer has registered or registers the debtor as the registered owner; or

(c) If the collateral is a security entitlement, the debtor is or becomes the entitlement holder.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.314

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.315 Secured party's rights on disposition of collateral and in proceeds - UCC 9-315.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter and in division (B) of section 1302.44 of the Revised Code:

(1) A security interest or agricultural lien continues in collateral notwithstanding sale, lease, license, exchange, or other disposition thereof unless the secured party authorized the disposition free of the security interest or agricultural lien; and

(2) A security interest attaches to any identifiable proceeds of collateral.

(B) Proceeds that are commingled with other property are identifiable proceeds:

(1) If the proceeds are goods, to the extent provided by section 1309.336 of the Revised Code; and

(2) If the proceeds are not goods, to the extent that the secured party identifies the proceeds by a method of tracing, including application of equitable principles, that is permitted under law other than this chapter with respect to commingled property of the type involved.

(C) A security interest in proceeds is a perfected security interest if the security interest in the original collateral was perfected.

(D) A perfected security interest in proceeds becomes unperfected on the twenty-first day after the security interest attaches to the proceeds unless:

(1) The following conditions are satisfied:

(a) A filed financing statement covers the original collateral;

(b) The proceeds are collateral in which a security interest may be perfected by filing in the office in which the financing statement has been filed; and

(c) The proceeds are not acquired with cash proceeds.

(2) The proceeds are identifiable cash proceeds; or

(3) The security interest in the proceeds is perfected other than under division (C) of this section when the security interest attaches or within twenty days thereafter.

(E) If a filed financing statement covers the original collateral, a security interest in proceeds that remains perfected under division (D)(1) of this section becomes unperfected at the later of:

(1) When the effectiveness of the filed financing statement lapses under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code or is terminated under section 1309.513 of the Revised Code; or

(2) The twenty-first day after the security interest attaches to the proceeds.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.315

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.316 Continued perfection of security interest following change in governing law - UCC 9-316.

(A) A security interest perfected pursuant to the law of the jurisdiction designated in division (A) of section 1309.301 or division (C) of section 1309.305 of the Revised Code remains perfected until the earliest of:

(1) The time perfection would have ceased under the law of that jurisdiction;

(2) The expiration of four months after a change of the debtor's location to another jurisdiction; or

(3) The expiration of one year after a transfer of collateral to a person that thereby becomes a debtor and is located in another jurisdiction.

(B) If a security interest described in division (A) of this section becomes perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earliest time or event described in that division, it remains perfected thereafter. If the security interest does not become perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before that earliest time or event, it becomes unperfected and is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the collateral for value.

(C) A possessory security interest in collateral, other than goods covered by a certificate of title and as-extracted collateral consisting of goods, remains continuously perfected if:

(1) The collateral is located in one jurisdiction and subject to a security interest perfected under the law of that jurisdiction;

(2) Thereafter, the collateral is brought into another jurisdiction; and

(3) Upon entry into the other jurisdiction, the security interest is perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a security interest in goods covered by a certificate of title that is perfected by any method under the law of another jurisdiction when the goods become covered by a certificate of title from this state remains perfected until the security interest would have become unperfected under the law of the other jurisdiction had the goods not become so covered.

(E) A security interest described in division (D) of this section becomes unperfected as against a purchaser of the goods for value and is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the goods for value if the applicable requirements for perfection under division (B) of section 1309.311 or section 1309.313 of the Revised Code are not satisfied before the earlier of:

(1) The time the security interest would have become unperfected under the law of the other jurisdiction had the goods not become covered by a certificate of title from this state; or

(2) The expiration of four months after the goods had become so covered.

(F) A security interest in deposit accounts, letter-of-credit rights, or investment property that is perfected under the law of the bank's jurisdiction, the issuer's jurisdiction, a nominated person's jurisdiction, the securities intermediary's jurisdiction, or the commodity intermediary's jurisdiction, as applicable, remains perfected until the earlier of:

(1) The time the security interest would have become unperfected under the law of that jurisdiction; or

(2) The expiration of four months after a change of the applicable jurisdiction to another jurisdiction.

(G) If a security interest described in division (F) of this section becomes perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier of the time or the end of the period described in that division, it remains perfected thereafter. If the security interest does not become perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier of that time or the end of that period, it becomes unperfected and is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the collateral for value.

(H) The following rules apply to collateral to which a security interest attaches within four months after the debtor changes its location to another jurisdiction:

(1) A financing statement filed before the change pursuant to the law of the jurisdiction designated in division (A) of section 1309.301 or division (C) of section 1309.305 of the Revised Code is effective to perfect a security interest in the collateral if the financing statement would have been effective to perfect a security interest in the collateral had the debtor not changed its location.

(2) If a security interest perfected by a financing statement that is effective under division (H)(1) of this section becomes perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier of the time the financing statement would have become ineffective under the law of the jurisdiction designated in division (A) of section 1309.301 or division (C) of section 1309.305 of the Revised Code or the expiration of the four-month period, it remains perfected thereafter. If the security interest does not become perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier time or event, it becomes unperfected and is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the collateral for value.

(I) If a financing statement naming an original debtor is filed pursuant to the law of the jurisdiction designated in division (A) of section 1309.301 or division (C) of section 1309.305 of the Revised Code and the new debtor is located in another jurisdiction, the following rules apply:

(1) The financing statement is effective to perfect a security interest in collateral acquired by the new debtor before, and within four months after, the new debtor becomes bound under division (D) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code, if the financing statement would have been effective to perfect a security interest in the collateral had the collateral been acquired by the original debtor.

(2) A security interest perfected by the financing statement and that becomes perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier of the time the financing statement would have become ineffective under the law of the jurisdiction designated in division (A) of section 1309.301 or division (C) of section 1309.305 of the Revised Code or the expiration of the four-month period remains perfected thereafter. A security interest that is perfected by the financing statement but that does not become perfected under the law of the other jurisdiction before the earlier time or event becomes unperfected and is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the collateral for value.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.316

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.317 Interests that take priority over or take free of unperfected security interest or agricultural lien - UCC 9-317.

(A) A security interest or agricultural lien is subordinate to the rights of:

(1) A person entitled to priority under section 1309.322 of the Revised Code; and

(2) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a person who becomes a lien creditor before the earlier of the time:

(a) The security interest or agricultural lien is perfected; or

(b) One of the conditions specified in division (B)(3) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code is met and a financing statement covering the collateral is filed.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a buyer, other than a secured party, of tangible chattel paper, tangible documents, goods, instruments, or a certificated security takes free of a security interest or agricultural lien if the buyer gives value and receives delivery of the collateral without knowledge of the security interest or agricultural lien and before it is perfected.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a lessee of goods takes free of a security interest or agricultural lien if the lessee gives value and receives delivery of the collateral without knowledge of the security interest or agricultural lien and before it is perfected.

(D) A licensee of a general intangible or a buyer, other than a secured party, of collateral other than tangible chattel paper, tangible documents, goods, instruments, or a certificated security takes free of a security interest if the licensee or buyer gives value without knowledge of the security interest and before it is perfected.

(E) Except as otherwise provided in sections 1309.320 and 1309.321 of the Revised Code, if a person files a financing statement with respect to a purchase money security interest before or within twenty days after the debtor receives delivery of the collateral, the security interest takes priority over the rights of a buyer, lessee, or lien creditor that arise between the time the security interest attaches and the time of filing.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.317

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.318 No interest retained in right to payment that is sold - rights and title of seller of account or chattel paper with respect to creditors and purchasers - UCC 9-318.

(A) A debtor that has sold an account, chattel paper, payment intangible, or promissory note does not retain a legal or equitable interest in the collateral sold.

(B) For purposes of determining the rights of creditors of, and purchasers for value of an account or chattel paper from, a debtor that has sold an account or chattel paper while the buyer's security interest is unperfected, the debtor is deemed to have rights and title to the account or chattel paper identical to those the debtor sold.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.318

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.319 Rights and title of consignee with respect to creditors and purchasers - UCC 9-319.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, for purposes of determining the rights of creditors of, and purchasers for value of goods from, a consignee, while the goods are in the possession of the consignee, the consignee is deemed to have rights and title to the goods identical to those the consignor had or had power to transfer.

(B) For purposes of determining the rights of a creditor of a consignee, law other than this chapter determines the rights and title of a consignee while goods are in the consignee's possession if, under sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, a perfected security interest held by the consignor would have priority over the rights of the creditor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.319

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.320 Buyer of goods - UCC 9-320.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a buyer in the ordinary course of business, other than a person buying farm products from a person engaged in farming operations, takes free of a security interest created by the buyer's seller even if the security interest is perfected and the buyer knows of its existence.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a buyer of goods from a person who used or bought the goods for use primarily for personal, family, or household purposes takes free of a security interest, even if perfected, if the buyer buys:

(1) Without knowledge of the security interest;

(2) For value;

(3) Primarily for the buyer's personal, family, or household purposes; and

(4) Before the filing of a financing statement covering the goods.

(C) To the extent that it affects the priority of a security interest over a buyer of goods under division (B) of this section, the period of effectiveness of a filing made in the jurisdiction in which the seller is located is governed by divisions (A) and (B) of section 1309.316 of the Revised Code.

(D) A buyer in the ordinary course of business buying oil, gas, or other minerals at the wellhead or minehead or after extraction takes free of an interest arising out of an encumbrance.

(E) Divisions (A) and (B) of this section do not affect a security interest in goods in the possession of the secured party under section 1309.313 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.320

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.321 Licensee of general intangible and lessee of goods in ordinary course of business - UCC 9-321.

(A) As used in this section, "licensee in the ordinary course of business" means a person that becomes a licensee of a general intangible in good faith, without knowledge that the license violates the rights of another person in the general intangible, and in the ordinary course of business from a person in the business of licensing general intangibles of that kind. A person becomes a licensee in the ordinary course of business if the license to the person comports with the usual or customary practices in the kind of business in which the licensor is engaged or with the licensor's own usual or customary practices.

(B) A licensee in the ordinary course of business takes its rights under a nonexclusive license free of a security interest in the general intangible created by the licensor, even if the security interest is perfected and the licensee knows of its existence.

(C) A lessee in ordinary course of business takes its leasehold interest free of a security interest in the goods created by the lessor, even if the security interest is perfected and the lessee knows of its existence.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.321

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.322 Priorities among conflicting security interests in and agricultural liens on same collateral - UCC 9-322.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this section, priority between conflicting security interests and agricultural liens in the same collateral shall be determined according to the following rules:

(1) Conflicting perfected security interests and agricultural liens rank according to priority in time of filing or perfection. Priority dates from the earlier of the time a filing covering the collateral is first made or the security interest or agricultural lien is first perfected, if there is no period thereafter when there is neither filing nor perfection.

(2) A perfected security interest or agricultural lien has priority over a conflicting unperfected security interest or agricultural lien.

(3) The first security interest or agricultural lien to attach or become effective has priority if conflicting security interests and agricultural liens are unperfected.

(B) For the purpose of division (A)(1) of this section:

(1) The time of filing or perfection as to a security interest in collateral is also the time of filing or perfection as to a security interest in proceeds; and

(2) The time of filing or perfection as to a security interest in collateral supported by a supporting obligation is also the time of filing or perfection as to a security interest in the supporting obligation.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (F) of this section, a security interest in collateral which qualifies for priority over a conflicting security interest under section 1309.327 , 1309.328 , 1309.329 , 1309.330 , or 1309.331 of the Revised Code also has priority over a conflicting security interest in:

(1) Any supporting obligation for the collateral; and

(2) Proceeds of the collateral if:

(a) The security interest in proceeds is perfected.

(b) The proceeds are cash proceeds or of the same type as the collateral; and

(c) In the case of proceeds that are proceeds of proceeds, all intervening proceeds are cash proceeds, proceeds of the same type as the collateral, or an account relating to the collateral.

(D) Subject to division (E) of this section and except as otherwise provided in division (F) of this section, if a security interest in chattel paper, deposit accounts, negotiable documents, instruments, investment property, or letter-of-credit rights is perfected by a method other than filing, conflicting perfected security interests in proceeds of the collateral rank according to priority in time of filing.

(E) Division (D) of this section applies only if the proceeds of the collateral are not cash proceeds, chattel paper, negotiable documents, instruments, investment property, or letter-of-credit rights.

(F) Divisions (A) to (E) of this section are subject to:

(1) Division (G) of this section and the other provisions of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code;

(2) Section 1304.20 of the Revised Code with respect to a security interest of a collecting bank;

(3) Section 1305.18 of the Revised Code with respect to a security interest of an issuer or nominated person; and

(4) Section 1309.110 of the Revised Code with respect to a security interest arising under Chapter 1302. or 1310. of the Revised Code.

(G) A perfected agricultural lien on collateral has priority over a conflicting security interest in or agricultural lien on the same collateral if the statute creating the agricultural lien so provides.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.322

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.323 Future advances - UCC 9-323.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, for purposes of determining the priority of a perfected security interest under division (A)(1) of section 1309.322 of the Revised Code, perfection of the security interest dates from the time an advance is made to the extent that the security interest secures an advance that:

(1) Is made while the security interest is perfected only:

(a) Under section 1309.309 of the Revised Code when it attaches; or

(b) Temporarily under division (E), (F), or (G) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code.

(2) Is not made pursuant to a commitment entered into before or while the security interest is perfected by a method other than under section 1309.309 or division (E), (F), or (G) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, a security interest is subordinate to the rights of a person that becomes a lien creditor to the extent that the security interest secures advances made more than forty-five days after the person becomes a lien creditor unless the advance is made:

(1) Without knowledge of the lien; or

(2) Pursuant to a commitment entered into without knowledge of the lien.

(C) Divisions (A) and (B) of this section do not apply to a security interest held by a secured party that is a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes or a consignor.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section, a buyer of goods other than a buyer in ordinary course of business takes free of a security interest to the extent that it secures advances made after the earlier of:

(1) The time the secured party acquires knowledge of the buyer's purchase; or

(2) Forty-five days after the purchase.

(E) Division (D) of this section does not apply if the advance is made pursuant to a commitment entered into without knowledge of the buyer's purchase and before the expiration of the forty-five-day period.

(F) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a lessee of goods, other than a lessee in ordinary course of business, takes the leasehold interest free of a security interest to the extent that it secures advances made after the earlier of:

(1) The time the secured party acquires knowledge of the lease; or

(2) Forty-five days after the lease contract becomes enforceable.

(G) Division (F) of this section does not apply if the advance is made pursuant to a commitment entered into without knowledge of the lease and before the expiration of the forty-five-day period.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.323

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.324 Priority of purchase-money security interests - UCC 9-324.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a perfected purchase money security interest in goods other than inventory or livestock has priority over a conflicting security interest in the same goods, and, except as otherwise provided in section 1309.327 of the Revised Code, a perfected security interest in its identifiable proceeds also has priority, if the purchase money security interest is perfected when the debtor receives possession of the collateral or within twenty days thereafter.

(B) Subject to division (C) of this section and except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a perfected purchase money security interest in inventory has priority over a conflicting security interest in the same inventory, has priority over a conflicting security in chattel paper or an instrument constituting proceeds of the inventory and in proceeds of the chattel paper, if provided in section 1309.330 of the Revised Code, and, except as otherwise provided in section 1309.327 of the Revised Code, also has priority in identifiable cash proceeds of the inventory to the extent the identifiable cash proceeds are received on or before the delivery of the inventory to a buyer if:

(1) The purchase money security interest is perfected when the debtor receives possession of the inventory;

(2) The purchase money secured party sends an authenticated notification to the holder of the conflicting security interest;

(3) The holder of the conflicting security interest receives the notification within five years before the debtor receives possession of the inventory; and

(4) The notification states that the person sending the notification has or expects to acquire a purchase money security interest in inventory of the debtor and describes the inventory.

(C) Divisions (B)(2), (3), and (4) of this section apply only if the holder of the conflicting security interest filed a financing statement covering the same types of inventory:

(1) If the purchase money security interest is perfected by filing, before the date of the filing; or

(2) If the purchase money security interest is temporarily perfected without filing or possession under division (F) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code, before the beginning of the twenty-day period.

(D) Subject to division (E) of this section and except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a perfected purchase money security interest in livestock that are farm products has priority over a conflicting security interest in the same livestock, and, except as otherwise provided in section 1309.327 of the Revised Code, a perfected security interest in their identifiable proceeds and identifiable products in their unmanufactured states also has priority, if:

(1) The purchase money security interest is perfected when the debtor receives possession of the livestock;

(2) The purchase money secured party sends an authenticated notification to the holder of the conflicting security interest;

(3) The holder of the conflicting security interest receives the notification within six months before the debtor receives possession of the livestock; and

(4) The notification states that the person sending the notification has or expects to acquire a purchase money security interest in livestock of the debtor and describes the livestock.

(E) Divisions (D)(2), (3), and (4) of this section apply only if the holder of the conflicting security interest had filed a financing statement covering the same types of livestock:

(1) If the purchase money security interest is perfected by filing, before the date of the filing; or

(2) If the purchase money security interest is temporarily perfected without filing or possession under division (F) of section 1309.312 of the Revised Code, before the beginning of the twenty-day period.

(F) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a perfected purchase money security interest in software has priority over a conflicting security interest in the same collateral, and, except as otherwise provided in section 1309.327 of the Revised Code, a perfected security interest in its identifiable proceeds also has priority, to the extent that the purchase money security interest in the goods in which the software was acquired for use has priority in the goods and proceeds of the goods under this section.

(G) If more than one security interest qualifies for priority in the same collateral under division (A), (B), (D), or (F) of this section:

(1) A security interest securing an obligation incurred as all or part of the price of the collateral has priority over a security interest securing an obligation incurred for value given to enable the debtor to acquire rights in or the use of collateral; and

(2) In all other cases, division (A) of section 1309.322 of the Revised Code applies to the qualifying security interests.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.324

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.325 Priority of security interests in transferred collateral - UCC 9-325.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, a security interest created by a debtor is subordinate to a security interest in the same collateral created by another person if:

(1) The debtor acquired the collateral subject to the security interest created by the other person;

(2) The security interest created by the other person was perfected when the debtor acquired the collateral; and

(3) There is no period thereafter when the security interest is unperfected.

(B) Division (A) of this section subordinates a security interest only if the security interest:

(1) Otherwise would have priority solely under division (A) of section 1309.322 or section 1309.324 of the Revised Code; or

(2) Arose solely under division (C) of section 1302.85 or division (E) of section 1310.54 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.325

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.326 Priority of security interests created by new debtor - UCC 9-326.

(A) Subject to division (B) of this section, a security interest that is created by a new debtor in collateral in which the new debtor has or acquires rights and is perfected solely by a filed financing statement that would be ineffective to perfect the security interest but for the application of division (I)(1) of section 1309.316 of the Revised Code or section 1309.508 of the Revised Code is subordinate to a security interest in the same collateral that is perfected other than by such a filed financing statement .

(B) Sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code determine the priority among conflicting security interests in the same collateral perfected by filed financing statements described in division (A) of this section. However, if the security agreements to which a new debtor became bound as debtor were not entered into by the same original debtor, the conflicting security interests rank according to priority in time of the new debtor's having become bound.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.326

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.327 Priority of security interests in deposit account - UCC 9-327.

The following rules govern priority among conflicting security interests in the same deposit account:

(A) A security interest held by a secured party having control of the deposit account under section 1309.104 of the Revised Code has priority over a conflicting security interest held by a secured party that does not have control.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (C) and (D) of this section, security interests perfected by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code rank according to priority in time of obtaining control.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, a security interest held by the bank with which the deposit account is maintained has priority over a conflicting security interest held by another secured party.

(D) A security interest perfected by control under division (A)(3) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code has priority over a security interest held by the bank with which the deposit account is maintained.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.327

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.328 Priority of security interests in investment property - UCC 9-328.

The following rules govern priority among conflicting security interests in the same investment property:

(A) A security interest held by a secured party having control of investment property under section 1309.106 of the Revised Code has priority of a security interest held by a secured party that does not have control of the investment property.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (C) and (D) of this section, conflicting security interests held by secured parties each of which has control under section 1309.106 of the Revised Code rank according to priority in time of:

(1) If the collateral is a security, obtaining control;

(2) If the collateral is a security entitlement carried in a securities account and:

(a) If the secured party obtained control under division (D)(1) of section 1308.24 of the Revised Code, the secured party's becoming the person for which the securities account is maintained;

(b) If the secured party obtained control under division (D)(2) of section 1308.24 of the Revised Code, the securities intermediary's agreement to comply with the secured party's entitlement orders with respect to security entitlements carried or to be carried in the securities account; or

(c) If the secured party obtained control through another person under division (D)(3) of section 1308.24 of the Revised Code, the time on which priority would be based under this paragraph if the other person were the secured party; or

(3) If the collateral is a commodity contract carried with a commodity intermediary, the satisfaction of the requirement for control specified in division (B)(2) of section 1309.106 of the Revised Code with respect to commodity contracts carried or to be carried with the commodity intermediary.

(C) A security interest held by a securities intermediary in a security entitlement or a securities account maintained with the securities intermediary has priority over a conflicting security interest held by another secured party.

(D) A security interest held by a commodity intermediary in a commodity contract or a commodity account maintained with the commodity intermediary has priority over a conflicting security interest held by another secured party.

(E) A security interest in a certificated security in registered form that is perfected by taking delivery under division (A) of section 1309.313 of the Revised Code and not by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code has priority over a conflicting security interest perfected by a method other than control.

(F) Conflicting security interests created by a broker, a securities intermediary, or a commodity intermediary that are perfected without control under section 1309.106 of the Revised Code rank equally.

(G) In all other cases, priority between conflicting security interests in investment property is governed by sections 1309.322 and 1309.323 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.328

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.329 Priority of security interests in letter-of-credit right - UCC 9-329.

The following govern priority among conflicting security interests in the same letter-of-credit right:

(A) A security interest held by a secured party having control of the letter-of-credit right under section 1309.107 of the Revised Code has priority to the extent of its control over a conflicting security interest held by a secured party that does not have control.

(B) Security interests perfected by control under section 1309.314 of the Revised Code rank according to priority in time of obtaining control.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.329

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.330 Priority of purchases of chattel paper or instrument - UCC 9-330.

(A) A purchaser of chattel paper has priority over a security interest in the chattel paper that is claimed merely as proceeds of inventory subject to a security interest if:

(1) In good faith and in the ordinary course of the purchaser's business, the purchaser gives new value and takes possession of the chattel paper or obtains control of the chattel paper under section 1309.105 of the Revised Code; and

(2) The chattel paper does not indicate that it has been assigned to an identified assignee other than the purchaser.

(B) A purchaser of chattel paper has priority over a security interest in the chattel paper that is claimed other than merely as proceeds of inventory subject to a security interest if the purchaser gives new value and takes possession of the chattel paper or obtains control of the chattel paper under section 1309.105 of the Revised Code in good faith, in the ordinary course of the purchaser's business, and without knowledge that the purchase violates the rights of the secured party.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in section 1309.327 of the Revised Code, a purchaser having priority in chattel paper under division (A) or (B) of this section also has priority in proceeds of the chattel paper to the extent that:

(1) Section 1309.322 of the Revised Code provides for priority in the proceeds; or

(2) The proceeds consist of the specific goods covered by the chattel paper or cash proceeds of the specific goods, even if the purchaser's security interest in the proceeds is unperfected.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (A) of section 1309.331 of the Revised Code, a purchaser of an instrument has priority over a security interest in the instrument perfected by a method other than possession if the purchaser gives value and takes possession of the instrument in good faith and without knowledge that the purchase violates the rights of the secured party.

(E) For purposes of divisions (A) and (B) of this section, the holder of a purchase money security interest in inventory gives new value for chattel paper constituting proceeds of the inventory.

(F) For purposes of divisions (B) and (D) of this section, if chattel paper or an instrument indicates that it has been assigned to an identified secured party other than the purchaser, a purchaser of the chattel paper or instrument has knowledge that the purchase violates the rights of the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.330

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.331 Priority of rights of purchasers of instruments, documents, and securities under other chapters - priority of interests in financial assets and security entitlements under Chapter 1308 - UCC 9-331.

(A) This chapter does not limit the rights of a holder in due course of a negotiable instrument, as defined in section 1303.32 of the Revised Code, or a holder to whom a negotiable document of title has been duly negotiated under section 1307.501 of the Revised Code, or a protected purchaser of a security under section 1308.17 of the Revised Code. These holders or purchasers take priority over an earlier security interest, even though perfected, to the extent provided in Chapters 1303., 1307., and 1308. of the Revised Code.

(B) This chapter does not limit the rights of or impose liability on a person to the extent that the person is protected against the assertion of a claim under Chapter 1308. of the Revised Code.

(C) Filing under this chapter does not constitute notice of a claim or defense to the holders, purchasers, or persons described in divisions (A) and (B) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.331

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.332 Transfer of money - transfer of funds from deposit account - UCC 9-332.

(A) A transferee of money takes the money free of a security interest unless the transferee acts in collusion with the debtor in violating the rights of the secured party.

(B) A transferee of funds from a deposit account takes the funds free of a security interest in the deposit account unless the transferee acts in collusion with the debtor in violating the rights of the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.332

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.333 Priority of certain liens arising by operation of law - UCC 9-333.

(A) As used in this section, "possessory lien" means an interest, other than a security interest or an agricultural lien:

(1) That secures payment or performance of an obligation for services or materials furnished with respect to goods by a person in the ordinary course of the person's business;

(2) That is created by statute or rule of law in favor of the person; and

(3) Whose effectiveness depends on the person's possession of the goods.

(B) A possessory lien on goods has priority over a security interest in the goods unless the lien is created by a statute that expressly provides otherwise.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.333

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.334 Priority of security interests in fixtures and crops - UCC 9-334.

(A) A security interest under this chapter may be created in goods that are fixtures or may continue in goods that become fixtures. A security interest does not exist under this chapter in ordinary building materials incorporated into an improvement on land.

(B) This chapter does not prevent creation of an encumbrance upon fixtures pursuant to real property law.

(C) In cases not governed by divisions (D) to (H) of this section, a security interest in fixtures is subordinate to a conflicting interest of an encumbrancer or owner of the related real property other than the debtor.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (H) of this section, a perfected security interest in fixtures has priority over a conflicting interest of an encumbrancer or owner of the real property if the debtor has an interest of record in or is in possession of the real property and:

(1) The security interest is a purchase money security interest;

(2) The interest of the encumbrancer or owner arises before the goods become fixtures; and

(3) The security interest is perfected by a fixture filing before the goods become fixtures or within twenty days thereafter.

(E) A perfected security interest in fixtures has priority over a conflicting interest of an encumbrancer or owner of the real property if:

(1) The debtor has an interest of record in the real property or is in possession of the real property, and the security interest:

(a) Is perfected by a fixture filing before the interest of the encumbrancer or owner is of record; and

(b) Has priority over any conflicting interest of a predecessor in title of the encumbrancer or owner;

(2) Before the goods became fixtures, the security interest is perfected by any method permitted by this chapter, and the fixtures are readily removable:

(a) Factory or office machines;

(b) Equipment that is not primarily used or leased for use in the operation of the real property; or

(c) Replacements of domestic appliances that are consumer goods;

(3) The conflicting interest is a lien on the real property obtained by legal or equitable proceedings after the security interest was perfected by any method permitted by this chapter; or

(4) The security interest is:

(a) Created in a manufactured home in a manufactured home transaction; and

(b) Perfected pursuant to a section listed in division (A)(2) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code.

(F) A security interest in fixtures, whether or not perfected, has priority over the conflicting interest of an encumbrancer or owner of the real property if:

(1) The encumbrancer or owner has, in an authenticated record, consented to the security interest or disclaimed an interest in the goods as fixtures; or

(2) The debtor has a right to remove the goods as against the encumbrancer or owner.

(G) The priority of the security interest under division (F)(2) of this section continues for a reasonable time if the debtor's right to remove the goods as against the encumbrancer or owner terminates.

(H) A mortgage is a construction mortgage to the extent that it secures an obligation incurred for the construction of an improvement on land, including the acquisition cost of the land, if a recorded record of the mortgage so indicates. Except as otherwise provided in divisions (E) and (F) of this section, a security interest in fixtures is subordinate to a construction mortgage if a record of the mortgage is recorded before the goods become fixtures and the goods become fixtures before the completion of the construction. A mortgage has this priority to the same extent as a construction mortgage to the extent that it is given to refinance a construction mortgage.

(I) A perfected security interest in crops growing on real property has priority over a conflicting interest of an encumbrancer or owner of the real property if the debtor has an interest of record in or is in possession of the real property.

(J) Division (I) of this section prevails over any inconsistent statutes not specifically enumerated under division (D)(2) of section 1309.109 of the Revised Code and applicable by their terms.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.334

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.335 Accessions - UCC 9-335.

(A) A security interest may be created in an accession and continues in collateral that becomes an accession.

(B) If a security interest is perfected when the collateral becomes an accession, the security interest remains perfected in the collateral.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, the other provisions of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code determine the priority of a security interest in an accession.

(D) A security interest in an accession is subordinate to a security interest in the whole that is perfected by compliance with the requirements of a certificate of title statute under division (B) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code.

(E) After default, subject to sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code, a secured party may remove an accession from other goods if the security interest in the accession has priority over the claims of every person having an interest in the whole.

(F) A secured party that removes an accession from other goods under division (E) of this section shall promptly reimburse any holder of a security interest or other lien on, or owner of, the whole or of the other goods, other than the debtor, for the cost of repair of any physical injury to the whole or the other goods. The secured party need not reimburse the holder or owner for any diminution in value of the whole or the other goods caused by the absence of the accession removed or by any necessity for replacing it. A person entitled to reimbursement may refuse permission to remove until the secured party gives adequate assurance for the performance of the obligation to reimburse.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.335

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.336 Commingled goods - UCC 9-336.

(A) As used in this section, "commingled goods" means goods that are physically united with other goods in such a manner that their identity is lost in a product or mass.

(B) A security interest does not exist in commingled goods as such. However, a security interest may attach to a product or mass that results when goods become commingled goods.

(C) If collateral becomes commingled goods, a security interest attaches to the product or mass.

(D) If a security interest in collateral is perfected before the collateral becomes commingled goods, the security interest that attaches to the product or mass under division (C) of this section is perfected.

(E) Except as otherwise provided in division (F) of this section, the other provisions of sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code determine the priority of a security interest that attaches to the product or mass under division (C) of this section.

(F) If more than one security interest attaches to the product or mass under division (C) of this section, the following rules determine priority:

(1) A security interest that is perfected under division (D) of this section has priority over a security interest that is unperfected at the time the collateral becomes commingled goods.

(2) If more than one security interest is perfected under division (D) of this section, the security interests rank equally in proportion to the value of the collateral at the time it became commingled goods.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.336

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.337 Priority of security interests in goods covered by certificate of title - UCC 9-337.

If, while a security interest in goods is perfected by any method under the law of another jurisdiction, this state issues a certificate of title that does not show that the goods are subject to the security interest or contain a statement that they may be subject to security interests not shown on the certificate:

(A) A buyer of the goods, other than a person in the business of selling goods of that kind, takes free of the security interest if the buyer gives value and receives delivery of the goods after issuance of the certificate and without knowledge of the security interest; and

(B) The security interest is subordinate to a conflicting security interest in the goods that attaches, and is perfected under division (B) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code, after issuance of the certificate and without the conflicting secured party's knowledge of the security interest.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.337

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.338 Priority of security interest or agricultural lien perfected by filed financing statement providing certain incorrect information - UCC 9-338.

If a security interest or agricultural lien is perfected by a filed financing statement providing information described in division (B)(5) of section 1309.516 of the Revised Code that is incorrect at the time the financing statement is filed:

(A) The security interest or agricultural lien is subordinate to a conflicting perfected security interest in the collateral to the extent that the holder of the conflicting security interest gives value in reasonable reliance upon the incorrect information; and

(B) A purchaser, other than a secured party, of the collateral takes free of the security interest or agricultural lien to the extent that, in reasonable reliance upon the incorrect information, the purchaser gives value and, in the case of tangible chattel paper, tangible documents, goods, instruments, or a security certificate, receives delivery of the collateral.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.338

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.339 Priority subject to subordination - UCC 9-339.

Nothing in this chapter precludes subordination by agreement by any person entitled to priority.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.339

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.340 Effectiveness of right of recoupment or set-off against deposit account - UCC 9-340.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, a bank with which a deposit account is maintained may exercise any right of recoupment or set-off against a secured party that holds a security interest in the deposit account.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, the application of this chapter to a security interest in a deposit account does not affect a right of recoupment or set-off of the secured party as to a deposit account maintained with the secured party.

(C) The exercise by a bank of a set-off against a deposit account is ineffective against a secured party that holds a security interest in the deposit account that is perfected by control under division (A)(3) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code, if the set-off is based on a claim against the debtor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.340

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.341 Bank's rights and duties with respect to deposit account - UCC 9-341.

Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of section 1309.340 of the Revised Code, and unless the bank otherwise agrees in an authenticated record, a bank's rights and duties with respect to a deposit account maintained with the bank are not terminated, suspended, or modified by:

(A) The creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in the deposit account;

(B) The bank's knowledge of the security interest; or

(C) The bank's receipt of instructions from the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.341

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.342 Bank's right to refuse to enter into or disclose existence of control agreement - UCC 9-342.

This chapter does not require a bank to enter into an agreement of the kind described in division (A)(2) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code, even if its customer so requests or directs. A bank that has entered into an agreement of the kind described in division (A)(2) of that section is not required to confirm the existence of the agreement to another person unless requested to do so by its customer.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.342

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.401 Alienability of debtor's rights - UCC 9-401.

(A) Except as provided in division (B) of this section and sections 1309.406 , 1309.407 , 1309.408 , and 1309.409 of the Revised Code, whether a debtor's rights in collateral may be voluntarily or involuntarily transferred is governed by law other than this chapter.

(B) An agreement between the debtor and secured party that prohibits a transfer of the debtor's rights in collateral or makes the transfer a default does not prevent the transfer from taking effect.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.401

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.402 Secured party not obligated on contract of debtor or in tort - UCC 9-402.

The existence of a security interest, agricultural lien, or authority given to a debtor to dispose of or use collateral, without more, does not subject a secured party to liability in contract or tort for the debtor's acts or omissions.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.402

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.403 Agreement not to assert defenses against assignee - UCC 9-403.

(A) As used in this section, "value" has the same meaning as in division (A) of section 1303.33 of the Revised Code.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an agreement between an account debtor and an assignor not to assert against an assignee any claim or defense that the account debtor may have against the assignor is enforceable by an assignee that takes an assignment:

(1) For value;

(2) In good faith;

(3) Without notice of a claim of a property or possessory right to the property assigned; and

(4) Without notice of a defense or claim in recoupment of the type that may be asserted against a person entitled to enforce a negotiable instrument under division (A) of section 1303.35 of the Revised Code.

(C) Division (B) of this section does not apply to defenses of a type that may be asserted against a holder in due course of a negotiable instrument under division (B) of section 1303.34 of the Revised Code.

(D) In a consumer transaction, if a record evidences the account debtor's obligation, law other than this chapter requires that the record include a statement to the effect that the rights of an assignee are subject to claims or defenses that the account debtor could assert against the original obligee, and the record does not include the required statement:

(1) The record has the same effect as if the record included the required statement; and

(2) The account debtor may assert against an assignee those claims and defenses that would have been available if the record included the required statement.

(E) This section is subject to law other than this chapter that establishes a different rule for an account debtor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(F) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, this section does not displace law other than this chapter that gives effect to an agreement by an account debtor not to assert a claim or defense against an assignee.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.403

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.404 Rights acquired by assignee - claims and defenses against assignee - UCC 9-404.

(A) Unless an account debtor has made an enforceable agreement not to assert defenses or claims, and subject to divisions (B) to (E) of this section, the rights of an assignee are subject to:

(1) All terms of the agreement between the account debtor and assignor and any defense or claim in recoupment arising from the transaction that gave rise to the contract; and

(2) Any other defense or claim of the account debtor against the assignor that accrues before the account debtor receives a notification of the assignment authenticated by the assignor or the assignee.

(B) Subject to division (C) of this section and except as provided in division (D) of this section, the claim of an account debtor against an assignor may be asserted against an assignee under division (A) of this section only to reduce the amount the account debtor owes.

(C) This section is subject to law other than this chapter that establishes a different rule for an account debtor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(D) In a consumer transaction, if a record evidences the account debtor's obligation, if law other than this chapter requires that the record include a statement to the effect that the account debtor's recovery against an assignee with respect to claims and defenses against the assignor may not exceed amounts paid by the account debtor under the record, and if the record does not include the required statement, the extent to which a claim of an account debtor against the assignor may be asserted against an assignee is determined as if the record included the required statement.

(E) This section does not apply to an assignment of a health-care-insurance receivable.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.404

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.405 Modification of assigned contract - UCC 9-405.

(A) A modification of or substitution for an assigned contract is effective against an assignee if made in good faith. The assignee acquires corresponding rights under the modified or substituted contract. The assignment may provide that the modification or substitution is a breach of contract by the assignor. This division is subject to divisions (B) to (D) of this section.

(B) Division (A) of this section applies to the extent that:

(1) The right to payment or a part thereof under an assigned contract has not been fully earned by performance; or

(2) The right to payment or a part thereof has been fully earned by performance, and the account debtor has not received notification of the assignment under division (A) of section 1309.406 of the Revised Code.

(C) This section is subject to law other than this chapter that establishes a different rule for an account debtor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(D) This section does not apply to an assignment of a health-care-insurance receivable.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.405

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.406 Discharge of account debtor - UCC 9-406.

(A) Subject to divisions (B) to (I) of this section, an account debtor on an account, chattel paper, or payment intangible may discharge its obligation by paying the assignor until, but not after, the account debtor receives a notification, authenticated by the assignor or the assignee, that the amount due or to become due has been assigned and that payment is to be made to the assignee. After receipt of the notification, the account debtor may discharge its obligation by paying the assignee and may not discharge the obligation by paying the assignor.

(B) Subject to division (H) of this section, notification under division (A) of this section is not effective:

(1) If the notification does not reasonably identify the rights assigned;

(2) To the extent that an agreement between an account debtor and a seller of a payment intangible limits the account debtor's duty to pay a person other than the seller and the limitation is effective under law other than this chapter; or

(3) At the option of an account debtor, if the notification notifies the account debtor to make less than the full amount of any installment or other periodic payment to the assignee, even if:

(a) Only a portion of the account, chattel paper, or payment intangible has been assigned to that assignee;

(b) A portion has been assigned to another assignee; or

(c) The account debtor knows that the assignment to that assignee is limited.

(C) Subject to division (H) of this section, if requested by the account debtor, an assignee shall seasonably furnish reasonable proof that the assignment has been made. Unless the assignee complies, the account debtor may discharge its obligation by paying the assignor, even if the account debtor has received a notification under division (A) of this section.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (E) of this section and sections 1309.407 and 1310.31 of the Revised Code, and subject to division (H) of this section, a term in an agreement between an account debtor and an assignor or in a promissory note is ineffective to the extent that it:

(1) Prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of the account debtor or person obligated on the promissory note to the assignment or transfer of, or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest in, the account, chattel paper, payment intangible, or promissory note; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the account, chattel paper, payment intangible, or promissory note.

(E) Division (D) of this section does not apply to the sale of a payment intangible or promissory note, other than a sale pursuant to a disposition under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code or an acceptance of collateral under section 1309.620 of the Revised Code.

(F) Except as provided in sections 1309.407 and 1310.31 of the Revised Code and subject to divisions (H) and (I) of this section, a rule of law, statute, or regulation that prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of a government, governmental body or official, or account debtor to the assignment or transfer of, or creation of a security interest in, an account or chattel paper is not effective to the extent that the rule of law, statute, or regulation:

(1) Prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of the government, governmental body or official, or account debtor to the assignment or transfer of, or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest in the account or chattel paper; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the account or chattel paper.

(G) Subject to division (H) of this section, an account debtor may not waive or vary its option under division (B)(3) of this section.

(H) This section is subject to law other than this chapter that establishes a different rule for an account debtor who is an individual and who incurred the obligation primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.

(I) This section does not apply to an assignment of a health-care-insurance receivable.

(J) Divisions (D) and (F) of this section do not apply to:

(1) A claim or right to receive compensation for injuries or sickness as described in section 104(a)(1) or (2) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended; or

(2) A claim or right to receive benefits under a special needs trust as described in the "Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993," 107 Stat. 312, 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4) , as amended.

(K) Divisions (D), (F), and (J) of this section apply only to a security interest created on or after July 1, 2001. Nothing in this section shall supersede the provisions of sections 2323.58 to 2323.587 of the Revised Code. This section shall be interpreted consistently with sections 2323.58 to 2323.587 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.406

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.407 Restriction on creation or enforcement of security interest in leasehold interest or in lessor's residual interest - UCC 9-407.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, a term in a lease agreement is not effective to the extent that it:

(1) Prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of a party to the lease to the assignment or transfer of, or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest in, an interest of a party under the lease contract or in the lessor's residual interest in the goods; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the lease.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of section 1310.31 of the Revised Code, a term in a lease agreement described in division (A)(2) of this section is effective to the extent that there is:

(1) A transfer by the lessee of the lessee's right of possession or use of the goods in violation of the term; or

(2) A delegation of a material performance of either party to the lease contract in violation of the term.

(C) The creation, attachment, perfection, or enforcement of a security interest in the lessor's interest under the lease contract or the lessor's residual interest in the goods is not a transfer that materially impairs the lessee's prospect of obtaining return performance or materially changes the duty of or materially increases the burden or risk imposed on the lessee within the scope of division (D) of section 1310.31 of the Revised Code unless, and then only to the extent that, enforcement actually results in a delegation of material performance of the lessor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.407

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.408 Restrictions on assignment of promissory notes, health-care-insurance receivables, and certain general intangibles ineffective - UCC 9-408.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, a term in a promissory note or in an agreement between an account debtor and a debtor that relates to a health-care-insurance receivable or a general intangible, including a contract, permit, license, or franchise, and which term prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor to, the assignment or transfer of, or creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in, the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, is not effective to the extent that the term:

(1) Would impair the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, or perfection of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.

(B) Division (A) applies to a security interest in a payment intangible or promissory note only if the security interest arises out of a sale of the payment intangible or promissory note, other than a sale pursuant to a disposition under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code or an acceptance of collateral under section 1309.620 of the Revised Code.

(C) A rule of law, statute, or regulation that prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of a government, governmental body or official, person obligated on a promissory note, or account debtor to the assignment or transfer of, or creation of a security interest in, a promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, including a contract, permit, license, or franchise between an account debtor and a debtor, is not effective to the extent that the rule of law, statute, or regulation:

(1) Would impair the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or transfer or the creation, attachment, or perfection of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.

(D) To the extent that a term in a promissory note or in an agreement between an account debtor and a debtor that relates to a health-care-insurance receivable or general intangible or a rule of law, statute, or regulation described in division (C) of this section would be effective under law other than this chapter but is ineffective under division (A) or (C) of this section, the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible:

(1) Is not enforceable against the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor;

(2) Does not impose a duty or obligation on the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor;

(3) Does not require the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor to recognize the security interest, pay or render performance to the secured party, or accept payment or performance from the secured party;

(4) Does not entitle the secured party to use or assign the debtor's rights under the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible, including any related information or materials furnished to the debtor in the transaction giving rise to the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible;

(5) Does not entitle the secured party to use, assign, possess, or have access to any trade secrets or confidential information of the person obligated on the promissory note or the account debtor; and

(6) Does not entitle the secured party to enforce the security interest in the promissory note, health-care-insurance receivable, or general intangible.

(E) Divisions (A) and (C) of this section do not apply to:

(1) A claim or right to receive compensation for injuries or sickness as described in section 104(a)(1) or (2) of the Internal Revenue Code as amended; or

(2) A claim or right to receive benefits under a special needs trust as described in the "Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993," 107 Stat. 312, 42 U.S.C. 1396p(d)(4) , as amended.

(F) Divisions (A), (C), and (E) of this section apply only to a security interest created on or after July 1, 2001. Nothing in this section shall supersede the provisions of sections 2323.58 to 2323.587 of the Revised Code. This section shall be interpreted consistently with sections 2323.58 to 2323.587 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.408

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.409 Restrictions on assignment of letter-of-credit rights ineffective - UCC 9-409.

(A) A term in a letter of credit or a rule of law, statute, regulation, custom, or practice applicable to the letter of credit that prohibits, restricts, or requires the consent of an applicant, issuer, or nominated person to a beneficiary's assignment of or creation of a security interest in a letter-of-credit right is not effective to the extent that the term or rule or law, statute, regulation, custom, or practice:

(1) Would impair the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in the letter-of-credit right; or

(2) Provides that the assignment or the creation, attachment, or perfection of the security interest may give rise to a default, breach, right of recoupment, claim, defense, termination, right of termination, or remedy under the letter-of-credit right.

(B) To the extent that a term in a letter of credit is not effective under division (A) of this section but would be effective under law other than this chapter or under a custom or practice applicable to the letter of credit, to the transfer of a right to draw or otherwise demand performance under the letter of credit, or to the assignment of a right to proceeds of the letter of credit, the creation, attachment, or perfection of a security interest in the letter-of-credit right:

(1) Is not enforceable against the applicant, issuer, nominated person, or transferee beneficiary;

(2) Imposes no duties or obligations on the applicant, issuer, nominated person, or transferee beneficiary; and

(3) Does not require the applicant, issuer, nominated person, or transferee beneficiary to recognize the security interest, pay or render performance to the secured party, or accept payment or other performance from the secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.409

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.501 Filing office - UCC 9-501.

(A) Except as provided in division (B) of this section, if the local law of this state governs perfection of a security interest or agricultural lien, the office in which to file a financing statement to perfect the security interest or agricultural lien is:

(1) The office designated for the filing or recording of a record of a mortgage on the related real property, if:

(a) The collateral is as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut; or

(b) The financing statement is filed as a fixture filing, and the collateral is goods that are or are to become fixtures.

(2) The office of the secretary of state or any office duly authorized by the secretary of state, in all other cases, including a case in which the collateral is goods that are or are to become fixtures, and the financing statement is not filed as a fixture filing.

(B) The office in which to file a financing statement to perfect a security interest in collateral, including fixtures, of a transmitting utility is the office of the secretary of state. The financing statement also constitutes a fixture filing as to the collateral indicated in the financing statement that is or is to become fixtures.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.501

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.502 Contents of financing statement - record of mortgage as financing statement - time of filing financing statement - UCC 9-502.

(A) Subject to division (B) of this section, a financing statement is sufficient only if it:

(1) Provides the name of the debtor;

(2) Provides the name of the secured party or a representative of the secured party; and

(3) Indicates the collateral covered by the financing statement.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, to be sufficient, a financing statement that covers as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut, or that is filed as a fixture filing and covers goods that are or are to become fixtures, shall satisfy division (A) of this section and also:

(1) Indicate that it covers this type of collateral;

(2) Indicate that it is to be filed in the real property records;

(3) Provide a description of the real property to which the collateral is related sufficient to give constructive notice of a mortgage under the laws of this state if the description were contained in a record of the mortgage of the real property; and

(4) If the debtor does not have an interest of record in the real property, provide the name of a record owner.

(C) A record of a mortgage is effective, from the date of recording, as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing or as a financing statement covering as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut only if:

(1) The record indicates the goods or accounts that it covers;

(2) The goods are or are to become fixtures related to the real property described in the record, or the collateral is related to the real property described in the record and is as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut;

(3) The record satisfies the requirements for a financing statement contained in this section , but:

(a) The record need not indicate that it is to be filed in the real property records; and

(b) The record sufficiently provides the name of a debtor who is an individual if it provides the individual name of the debtor or the surname and first personal name of the debtor, even if the debtor is an individual to whom division (A)(4) of section 1309.503 of the Revised Code applies; and

(4) The record is duly recorded.

(D) A financing statement may be filed before a security agreement is made or a security interest otherwise attaches.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.502

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.503 Name of debtor and secured party - UCC 9-503.

(A) A financing statement sufficiently provides the name of the debtor:

(1) Except as otherwise provided in division (A)(3) of this section, if the debtor is a registered organization or the collateral is held in a trust that is a registered organization, only if the financing statement provides the name that is stated to be the registered organization's name on the public organic record most recently filed with or issued or enacted by the registered organization's jurisdiction of organization which purports to state, amend, or restate the registered organization's name;

(2) Subject to division (F) of this section, if the collateral is being administered by the personal representative of a decedent, only if the financing statement provides, as the name of the debtor, the name of the decedent and, in a separate part of the financing statement, indicates that the collateral is being administered by a personal representative;

(3) If the collateral is held in a trust that is not a registered organization, only if the financing statement:

(a) Provides, as the name of the debtor:

(i) If the organic record of the trust specifies a name for the trust , the name specified ; or

(ii) If the organic record of the trust does not specify a name for the trust, the name of the settlor or testator; and

(b) In a separate part of the financing statement:

(i) If the name is provided in accordance with division (A)(3)(a)(i) of this section, indicates that the collateral is held in a trust; or

(ii) If the name is provided in accordance with division (A)(3)(a)(ii) of this section, provides additional information sufficient to distinguish the trust from other trusts having one or more of the same settlors or the same testator and indicates that the collateral is held in a trust, unless the additional information so indicates.

(4) Subject to division (G) of this section, if the debtor is an individual to whom this state has issued a driver's license or identification card that has not expired, only if the financing statement provides the name of the individual that is indicated on the driver's license or identification card;

(5) If the debtor is an individual to whom division (A)(4) of this section does not apply, only if the financing statement provides the individual name of the debtor or the surname and first personal name of the debtor; and

(6) In other cases:

(a) If the debtor has a name, only if the financing statement provides the organizational name of the debtor; and

(b) If the debtor does not have a name, only if it provides the names of the partners, members, associates, or other persons comprising the debtor, in a manner that each name provided would be sufficient if the person named were the debtor.

(B) A financing statement that provides the name of the debtor in accordance with division (A) of this section is not rendered ineffective by the absence of:

(1) A trade name or other name of the debtor; or

(2) Unless required under division (A) (6)(b) of this section, names of partners, members, associates, or other persons comprising the debtor.

(C) A financing statement that provides only the debtor's trade name does not sufficiently provide the name of the debtor.

(D) Failure to indicate the representative capacity of a secured party or representative of a secured party does not affect the sufficiency of a financing statement.

(E) A financing statement may provide the name of more than one debtor and the name of more than one secured party.

(F) The name of the decedent indicated on the order appointing the personal representative of the decedent issued by the court having jurisdiction over the collateral is sufficient as the "name of the decedent" under division (A)(2) of this section.

(G) If this state has issued to an individual more than one driver's license or identification card of a kind described in division (A)(4) of this section, the one that was issued most recently is the one to which division (A)(4) of this section refers.

(H) As used in this section, "name of the settlor or testator" means:

(1) If the settlor is a registered organization, the name that is stated to be the settlor's name on the public organic record most recently filed with or issued or enacted by the settlor's jurisdiction of organization that purports to state, amend, or restate the settlor's name; or

(2) In other cases, the name of the settlor or testator indicated in the trust's organic record.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.503

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.504 Indication of collateral - UCC 9-504.

A financing statement sufficiently indicates the collateral that it covers if the financing statement provides:

(A) A description of the collateral pursuant to section 1309.108 of the Revised Code; or

(B) An indication that the financing statement covers all assets or all personal property.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.504

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.505 Filing and compliance with other statutes and treaties for consignments, leases, other bailments, and other transactions - UCC 9-505.

(A) A consignor, lessor, or other bailor of goods, a licensor, or a buyer of a payment intangible or promissory note may file a financing statement, or may comply with a statute or treaty described in division (A) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code, using the terms "consignor," "consignee," "lessor," "lessee," "bailor," "bailee," "licensor," "licensee," "owner," "registered owner," "buyer," "seller," or words of similar import, instead of the terms "secured party" and "debtor."

(B) Sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code apply to the filing of a financing statement under division (A) of this section and, as appropriate, to compliance that is equivalent to filing a financing statement under division (B) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code, but the filing or compliance is not of itself a factor in determining whether the collateral secures an obligation. If it is determined for another reason that the collateral secures an obligation, a security interest held by the consignor, lessor, bailor, licensor, owner, or buyer that attaches to the collateral is perfected by the filing or compliance.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.505

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.506 Effect of errors or omissions - UCC 9-506.

(A) A financing statement that substantially satisfies the requirements of sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code is effective, even if it has minor errors or omissions, unless the errors or omissions make the financing statement seriously misleading.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, a financing statement that fails sufficiently to provide the name of the debtor in accordance with division (A) of section 1309.503 of the Revised Code is seriously misleading.

(C) If a search of the records of the filing office under the debtor's correct name, using the filing office's standard search logic, if any, would disclose a financing statement that fails sufficiently to provide the name of the debtor in accordance with division (A) of section 1309.503 of the Revised Code, the name provided does not make the financing statement seriously misleading.

(D) For purposes of division (B) of section 1309.508 of the Revised Code, the "debtor's correct name" referred to in division (C) of this section means the correct name of the new debtor.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.506

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.507 Effect of certain events on effectiveness of financing statement - UCC 9-507.

(A) A filed financing statement remains effective with respect to collateral that is sold, exchanged, leased, licensed, or otherwise disposed of and in which a security interest or agricultural lien continues, even if the secured party knows of or consents to the disposition.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section and section 1309.508 of the Revised Code, a financing statement is not rendered ineffective if, after the financing statement is filed, the information provided in the financing statement becomes seriously misleading under section 1309.506 of the Revised Code.

(C) If the name that a filed financing statement provides for a debtor becomes insufficient as the name of the debtor under division (A) of section 1309.503 of the Revised Code so that the financing statement becomes seriously misleading under section 1309.506 of the Revised Code:

(1) The financing statement is effective to perfect a security interest in collateral acquired by the debtor before, or within four months after, the filed financing statement becomes seriously misleading; and

(2) The financing statement is not effective to perfect a security interest in collateral acquired by the debtor more than four months after the filed financing statement becomes seriously misleading, unless an amendment to the financing statement that renders the financing statement not seriously misleading is filed within four months after the financing statement became seriously misleading.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.507

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.508 Effectiveness of financing statement if new debtor becomes bound by security agreement - UCC 9-508.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a filed financing statement naming an original debtor is effective to perfect a security interest in collateral in which a new debtor has or acquires rights to the extent that the financing statement would have been effective had the original debtor acquired rights in the collateral.

(B) If the difference between the name of the original debtor and that of the new debtor causes a filed financing statement that is effective under division (A) of this section to be seriously misleading under section 1309.506 of the Revised Code:

(1) The financing statement is effective to perfect a security interest in collateral acquired by the new debtor before, and within four months after, the new debtor becomes bound under division (D) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code; and

(2) The financing statement is not effective to perfect a security interest in collateral acquired by the new debtor more than four months after the new debtor becomes bound under division (D) of section 1309.203 of the Revised Code unless an initial financing statement providing the name of the new debtor is filed before the expiration of that time.

(C) This section does not apply to collateral as to which a filed financing statement remains effective against the new debtor under division (A) of section 1309.507 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.508

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.509 Persons entitled to file a record - UCC 9-509.

(A) A person may file an initial financing statement, amendment that adds collateral covered by a financing statement, or amendment that adds a debtor to a financing statement only if:

(1) The debtor authorizes the filing in an authenticated record or pursuant to division (B) or (C) of this section; or

(2) The person holds an agricultural lien that has become effective at the time of filing, and the financing statement covers only collateral in which the person holds an agricultural lien.

(B) By authenticating or becoming bound as debtor by a security agreement, a debtor or new debtor authorizes the filing of an initial financing statement, and an amendment, covering:

(1) The collateral described in the security agreement; and

(2) Property that becomes collateral under division (A)(2) of section 1309.315 of the Revised Code, whether or not the security agreement expressly covers proceeds.

(C) By acquiring collateral in which a security interest or agricultural lien continues under division (A)(1) of section 1309.315 of the Revised Code, a debtor authorizes the filing of an initial financing statement, and an amendment, covering the collateral and property that becomes collateral under division (A)(2) of section 1309.315 of the Revised Code.

(D) A person may file an amendment other than an amendment that adds collateral covered by a financing statement or an amendment that adds a debtor to a financing statement only if:

(1) The secured party of record authorizes the filing; or

(2) The amendment is a termination statement for a financing statement as to which the secured party of record has failed to file or send a termination statement as required by division (A) or (C) of section 1309.513 of the Revised Code, the debtor authorizes the filing, and the termination statement indicates that the debtor authorized it to be filed.

(E) If there is more than one secured party of record for a financing statement, each secured party of record may authorize the filing of an amendment under division (D) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.509

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.510 Effectiveness of filed record - UCC 9-510.

(A) A filed record is effective only to the extent that it was filed by a person who is permitted to file it under section 1309.509 of the Revised Code.

(B) A record authorized by one secured party of record does not affect the financing statement with respect to another secured party of record.

(C) A continuation statement that is not filed within the six-month period prescribed by division (D) of section 1309.515 of the Revised Code is not effective.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.510

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.511 Secured party of record - UCC 9-511.

(A) A secured party of record with respect to a financing statement is a person whose name is provided as the name of the secured party or a representative of the secured party in an initial financing statement that has been filed. If an initial financing statement is filed under division (A) of section 1309.514 of the Revised Code, the assignee named in the initial financing statement is the secured party of record with respect to the financing statement.

(B) If an amendment of a financing statement that provides the name of a person as a secured party or a representative of a secured party is filed, the person named in the amendment is a secured party of record. If an amendment is filed under division (B) of section 1309.514 of the Revised Code, the assignee named in the amendment is a secured party of record.

(C) A person remains a secured party of record until an amendment of the financing statement is filed that deletes the person as a secured party of record.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.511

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.512 Amendment of financing statement - UCC 9-512.

(A) Subject to section 1309.509 of the Revised Code, a person may add or delete collateral covered by, continue or terminate the effectiveness of, or, subject to division (E) of this section, otherwise amend the information provided in, a financing statement by filing an amendment that:

(1) Identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which the amendment relates; and

(2) If the amendment relates to an initial financing statement filed in a filing office described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, provides the date and time that the initial financing statement was filed and the information specified in division (B) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in section 1309.515 of the Revised Code, the filing of an amendment does not extend the period of effectiveness of the financing statement.

(C) A financing statement that is amended by an amendment that adds collateral is effective as to the added collateral only from the date of the filing of the amendment.

(D) A financing statement that is amended by an amendment that adds a debtor is effective as to the added debtor only from the date of the filing of the amendment.

(E) An amendment is ineffective to the extent it:

(1) Purports to delete all debtors and fails to provide the name of a debtor to be covered by the financing statement; or

(2) Purports to delete all secured parties of record and fails to provide the name of a new secured party of record.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.512

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.513 Termination statement - UCC 9-513.

(A) A secured party shall cause the secured party of record for a financing statement to file a termination statement for the financing statement if the financing statement covers consumer goods and:

(1) There is no obligation secured by the collateral covered by the financing statement, and no commitment to make an advance, incur an obligation, or otherwise give value; or

(2) The debtor did not authorize the filing of the initial financing statement.

(B) To comply with division (A) of this section, a secured party shall cause the secured party of record to file the termination statement:

(1) Within one month after there is no obligation secured by the collateral covered by the financing statement and no commitment to make an advance, incur an obligation, or otherwise give value; or

(2) If earlier, within twenty days after the secured party receives an authenticated demand from a debtor.

(C) In cases not governed by division (A) of this section, within twenty days after a secured party receives an authenticated demand from a debtor, the secured party shall cause the secured party of record for a financing statement to send to the debtor a termination statement for the financing statement or file the termination statement in the filing office if:

(1) Except in the case of a financing statement covering accounts or chattel paper that has been sold or goods that are the subject of a consignment, there is no obligation secured by the collateral covered by the financing statement and no commitment to make an advance, incur an obligation, or otherwise give value;

(2) The financing statement covers accounts or chattel paper that have been sold but as to which the account debtor or other person obligated has discharged its obligation;

(3) The financing statement covers goods that were the subject of a consignment to the debtor but are not in the debtor's possession; or

(4) The debtor did not authorize the filing of the initial financing statement.

(D) Except as provided in section 1309.510 of the Revised Code, upon the filing of a termination statement with the filing office, the financing statement to which the termination statement relates ceases to be effective. Except as provided in section 1309.510 of the Revised Code, for purposes of division (G) of section 1309.519 , division (A) of section 1309.522 , and division (C) of section 1309.523 of the Revised Code, the filing with the filing office of a termination statement relating to a financing statement that indicates that the debtor is a transmitting utility also causes the effectiveness of the financing statement to lapse.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.513

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.514 Assignment of powers of secured party of record - UCC 9-514.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section, an initial financing statement may reflect an assignment of all of the secured party's power to authorize an amendment to the financing statement by providing the name and mailing address of the assignee as the name and address of the secured party.

(B) Except as provided in division (C) of this section, a secured party of record may assign of record all or part of its power to authorize an amendment to a financing statement by filing in the filing office an amendment of the financing statement that:

(1) Identifies, by its file number, the initial financing statement to which it relates;

(2) Provides the name of the assignor; and

(3) Provides the name and mailing address of the assignee.

(C) An assignment of record of a security interest in a fixture covered by a record of a mortgage that is effective as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing under division (C) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code may be made only by an assignment of record of the mortgage in the manner provided by the laws of this state other than those contained in Chapters 1301. to 1305. and 1307. to 1310. of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.514

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.515 Duration and effectiveness of financing statement - effect of lapsed financing statement - UCC 9-515.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (B), (E), (F), and (G) of this section, a filed financing statement is effective for a period of five years after the date of filing.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in divisions (E), (F), and (G) of this section, an initial financing statement filed in connection with a public-finance transaction or manufactured-home transaction is effective for a period of thirty years after the date of filing if it indicates that it is filed in connection with a public-finance transaction or manufactured-home transaction.

(C) The effectiveness of a filed financing statement lapses on the expiration of the period of its effectiveness unless, before the lapse, a continuation statement is filed pursuant to division (D) of this section. Upon lapse, a financing statement ceases to be effective, and any security interest or agricultural lien that was perfected by the financing statement becomes unperfected, unless the security interest is perfected otherwise. If the security interest or agricultural lien becomes unperfected upon lapse, it is deemed never to have been perfected as against a purchaser of the collateral for value.

(D) A continuation statement may be filed only within six months before the expiration of the five-year period specified in division (A) or the thirty-year period specified in division (B) of this section, whichever is applicable.

(E) Except as provided in section 1309.510 of the Revised Code, upon timely filing of a continuation statement, the effectiveness of the initial financing statement continues for a period of five years commencing on the day on which the financing statement would have become ineffective in the absence of the filing. Upon the expiration of the five-year period, the financing statement lapses in the same manner as provided in division (C) of this section, unless, before the lapse, another continuation statement is filed pursuant to division (D) of this section. Succeeding continuation statements may be filed in the same manner to continue the effectiveness of the initial financing statement.

(F) If a debtor is a transmitting utility and a filed initial financing statement so indicates, the financing statement is effective until a termination statement is filed.

(G) A record of a mortgage that is effective as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing under division (C) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code remains effective as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing until the mortgage is released or satisfied of record or its effectiveness otherwise terminates as to the real property.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.515

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.516 What constitutes filing - effectiveness of filing - UCC 9-516.

(A) Except as provided in division (B) of this section, communication of a record to a filing office and tender of the filing fee or acceptance of the record by the filing office constitutes filing.

(B) Filing does not occur with respect to a record that a filing office refuses to accept because:

(1) The record is not communicated by a method or medium of communication authorized by the filing office;

(2) An amount equal to or greater than the applicable filing fee is not tendered;

(3) The filing office is unable to index the record because:

(a) In the case of an initial financing statement, the record does not provide a name for the debtor;

(b) In the case of an amendment or information statement, the record:

(i) Does not identify the initial financing statement as required by section 1309.512 or 1309.518 of the Revised Code, as applicable; or

(ii) Identifies an initial financing statement whose effectiveness has lapsed under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code.

(c) In the case of an initial financing statement that provides the name of a debtor identified as an individual or an amendment that provides a name of a debtor identified as an individual that was not provided previously in the financing statement to which the record relates, the record does not identify the debtor's surname; or

(d) In the case of a record filed in the filing office described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, the record does not provide a sufficient description of the real property to which it relates.

(4) In the case of an initial financing statement or an amendment that adds a secured party of record, the record does not provide a name and mailing address for the secured party of record;

(5) In the case of an initial financing statement or an amendment that provides a name of a debtor that was not provided previously in the financing statement to which the amendment relates, the record does not:

(a) Provide a mailing address for the debtor; or

(b) Indicate whether the name provided as the name of the debtor is the name of an individual or an organization

.

(6) In the case of an assignment reflected in an initial financing statement under division (A) of section 1309.514 of the Revised Code or an amendment filed under division (B) of section 1309.514 of the Revised Code, the record does not provide a name and mailing address for the assignee.

(7) In the case of a continuation statement, the record is not filed within the six-month period prescribed by division (D) of section 1309.515 of the Revised Code ; or

(8) The secretary of state refuses to accept the record for filing or recording in compliance with division (A) of section 111.24 of the Revised Code.

(C) For purposes of division (B) of this section:

(1) A record does not provide information if the filing office is unable to read or decipher the information; and

(2) A record that does not indicate that it is an amendment or identify an initial financing statement to which it relates, as required by section 1309.512 , 1309.514 , or 1309.518 of the Revised Code, is an initial financing statement.

(D) A record that is communicated to the filing office with tender of the filing fee, but that the filing office refuses to accept for a reason other than one specified in division (B) of this section, is effective as a filed record except as against a purchaser of the collateral that gives value in reasonable reliance upon the absence of the record from the files.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.516

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.517 Effect of indexing errors - UCC 9-517.

The failure of the filing office to index a record correctly does not affect the effectiveness of the filed record.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.517

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.518 Claim concerning inaccurate or wrongfully filed record - UCC 9-518.

(A) A person may file in the filing office an information statement with respect to a record indexed there under the person's name if the person believes that the record is inaccurate or was wrongfully filed.

(B) An information statement under division (A) of this section must:

(1) Identify the record to which it relates by:

(a) The file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates; and

(b) If the information statement relates to a record filed in a filing office described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, the date and time that the initial financing statement was filed and the information specified in division (B) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code;

(2) Indicate that it is an information statement; and

(3) Provide the basis for the person's belief that the record is inaccurate and indicate the manner in which the person believes the record should be amended to cure any inaccuracy or provide the basis for the person's belief that the record was wrongfully filed.

(C) A person may file in the filing office an information statement with respect to a record filed there if the person is a secured party of record with respect to the financing statement to which the record relates and believes that the person that filed the record was not entitled to do so under division (D) of section 1309.509 of the Revised Code.

(D) An information statement under division (C) of this section must:

(1) Identify the record to which it relates by:

(a) The file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates; and

(b) If the information statement relates to a record filed in a filing office described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, the date and time that the initial financing statement was filed and the information specified in division (B) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code;

(2) Indicate that it is an information statement; and

(3) Provide the basis for the person's belief that the person that filed the record was not entitled to do so under division (D) of section 1309.509 of the Revised Code.

(E) The filing of an information statement does not affect the effectiveness of an initial financing statement or other filed record.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.518

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.519 Numbering, maintaining, and indexing records - communicating information provided in records - UCC 9-519.

(A) For each record filed in a filing office, the filing office shall:

(1) Assign an unique number to the filed record;

(2) Create a record that bears the number assigned to the filed record and the date and time of filing;

(3) Maintain the filed record for public inspection; and

(4) Index the filed record in accordance with divisions (C), (D), and (E) of this section.

(B) A file number assigned after January 1, 2002, must include a digit that:

(1) Is mathematically derived from or related to the other digits of the file number; and

(2) Aids the filing office in determining whether a number communicated as the file number includes a single-digit or transpositional error.

(C) Except as provided in divisions (D) and (E) of this section, the filing office shall:

(1) Index an initial financing statement according to the name of the debtor and index all filed records relating to the initial financing statement in a manner that associates with one another an initial financing statement and all filed records relating to the initial financing statement; and

(2) Index a record that provides a name of a debtor that previously was not provided in the financing statement to which the record relates also according to the name that previously was not provided.

(D) If a financing statement is filed as a fixture filing or covers as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut, it must be filed for record and the filing office shall index it:

(1) Under the names of the debtor and of each owner of record shown on the financing statement as if they were the mortgagors under a mortgage of the real property described; and

(2) To the extent that the laws of this state provide for indexing of records of mortgages under the name of the mortgagee, under the name of the secured party as if the secured party were the mortgagee under the mortgage, or, if indexing is by description, as if the financing statement were a record of a mortgage of the real property described.

(E) If a financing statement is filed as a fixture filing or covers as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut, the filing office shall index an assignment filed under division (A) of section 1309.514 of the Revised Code or an amendment filed under division (B) of that section:

(1) Under the name of the assignor as grantor; and

(2) To the extent that the law of this state provides for indexing a record of the assignment of a mortgage under the name of the assignee, under the name of the assignee.

(F) The filing office shall maintain a capability:

(1) To retrieve a record by the name of the debtor and:

(a) If the filing office is described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, by the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates and the date and time that the record was filed;

(b) If the filing office is described in division (A)(2) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, by the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates; and

(2) To associate and retrieve with one another an initial financing statement and each filed record relating to the initial financing statement.

(G) The filing office may not remove a debtor's name from the index until one year after the effectiveness of a financing statement naming the debtor lapses under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code with respect to all secured parties of record.

(H) The filing office shall perform the acts required by divisions (A) to (E) of this section at the time and in the manner prescribed by the filing-office rule.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.519

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.520 Acceptance and refusal to accept record - UCC 9-520.

(A) A filing office shall refuse to accept a record for filing for a reason specified in division (B) of section 1309.516 of the Revised Code and may refuse to accept a record for filing only for a reason specified in that division. However, the secretary of state's office shall redact social security and employer identification numbers from filings posted on its web site.

(B) If a filing office refuses to accept a record for filing, it shall communicate to the person who presented the record the fact of and reason for the refusal and the date and time the record would have been filed had the filing office accepted it. The communication must be made at the time and in the manner prescribed by the applicable filing-office rule but, in the case of a filing office described in division (A)(2) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, in no event more than two business days after the filing office receives the record.

(C) A filed financing statement that satisfies divisions (A) and (B) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code is effective, even if the filing office is required to refuse to accept it for filing under division (A) of this section. However, section 1309.338 of the Revised Code applies to a filed financing statement that provides information described in division (B)(5) of section 1309.516 of the Revised Code that is incorrect at the time the financing statement is filed.

(D) If a record communicated to a filing office provides information that relates to more than one debtor, sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code apply as to each debtor separately.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.520

Effective Date: 07-01-2001; 03-30-2006

1309.521 Uniform form of written financing statement and amendment - UCC 9-521.

(A) A filing office that accepts written records may not refuse to accept a written initial financing statement in the form and format set forth in the official text of the 2010 amendments to article 9 of the uniform commercial code promulgated by the American law institute and the national conference of commissioners on uniform state laws, except for a reason prescribed in division (B) of section 1309.516 of the Revised Code .

(B) A filing office that accepts written records may not refuse to accept a written record in the form and format set forth as form UCC3 and form UCC3Ad in the final official text of the 2010 amendments to article 9 of the uniform commercial code promulgated by the American law institute and the national conference of commissioners on uniform state laws, except for a reason prescribed in division (B) of section 1309.516 of the Revised Code .

Cite as R.C. § 1309.521

Amended by 130th General Assembly File No. 25, HB 59, §101.01, eff. 9/29/2013.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001; 03-30-2006

1309.522 Maintenance and destruction of records - UCC 9-522.

(A) The filing office shall maintain a record of the information provided in a filed financing statement for not less than one year after the effectiveness of the financing statement has lapsed under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code with respect to all secured parties of record. The record must be retrievable by using the name of the debtor and:

(1) If the record was filed in the filing office described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, by using the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates and the date and time that the record was filed; or

(2) If the record was filed in the filing office described in division (A)(2) of section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, by using the file number assigned to the initial financing statement to which the record relates.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in Chapter 149. of the Revised Code or any other provision of the Revised Code governing disposition of public records, the filing office immediately may destroy any written record evidencing a financing statement. However, if the filing office destroys a written record, it shall maintain another record of the financing statement that complies with division (A) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.522

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.523 Information from filing office - sale or license of records - UCC 9-523.

(A) If a person who files a written record requests an acknowledgment of the filing, the filing office shall send to the person an image of the record showing the number assigned to the record pursuant to division (A)(1) of section 1309.519 of the Revised Code and the date and time of the filing of the record. However, if the person furnishes a copy of the record to the filing office, the filing office instead may:

(1) Note upon the copy the number assigned to the record pursuant to division (A)(1) of section 1309.519 of the Revised Code and the date and time of the filing of the record; and

(2) Send the copy to the person.

(B) If a person files a record other than a written record, the filing office shall communicate to the person an acknowledgment that provides:

(1) The information in the record;

(2) The number assigned to the record pursuant to division (A)(1) of section 1309.519 of the Revised Code; and

(3) The date and time of the filing of the record.

(C) The filing office shall communicate or otherwise make available in a record all of the following information to any person who requests it:

(1) Whether there is on file on a date and time specified by the filing office, but not a date earlier than three business days before the filing office receives the request, any financing statement that:

(a) Designates a particular debtor or, if the request so states, designates a particular debtor at the address specified in the request;

(b) Has not lapsed under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code with respect to all secured parties of record; and

(c) If the request so states, has lapsed under section 1309.515 of the Revised Code and a record of which is maintained by the filing office under division (A) of section 1309.522 of the Revised Code;

(2) The date and time of filing of each financing statement; and

(3) The information provided in each financing statement.

(D) In complying with its duty under division (C) of this section, the filing office may communicate information in any medium. However, if requested, the filing office shall communicate information by issuing a record that can be admitted into evidence in the courts of this state without extrinsic evidence of its authenticity.

(E) The filing office shall perform the acts required by divisions (A) to (D) of this section at the time and in the manner prescribed by the filing-office rule but not later than two business days after the filing office receives the request.

(F)

(1) At least weekly, the filing office shall offer to sell or license to the public on a nonexclusive basis, in bulk, copies of all records filed in it under sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code, in a medium determined by the secretary of state.

(2) The secretary of state may adopt rules pursuant to Chapter 119. of the Revised Code to reasonably limit the number of bulk commercial special extraction requests made by a person for the same records or for updated records during a calendar year. The rules may include provisions for charges to be made for bulk commercial special extraction requests for the actual cost of the secretary of state, plus special extraction costs, plus ten per cent. The secretary of state may charge for expenses for redacting information, the release of which is prohibited by law.

(3) As used in division (F)(2) of this section:

(a) "Actual cost" means the cost of depleted supplies, records storage media costs, actual mailing and alternative delivery costs, or other transmitting costs, and any direct equipment operating and maintenance costs, including actual costs paid to private contractors for copying services.

(b) "Bulk commercial special extraction request" means a request for copies of a record for information in a format other than the format already available, or information that cannot be extracted without examination of all items in a records series, class of records, or data base by a person who intends to use or forward the copies for surveys, marketing, solicitation, or resale for commercial purposes. "Bulk commercial special extraction request" does not include a request by a person who gives assurance to the secretary of state that the person making the request does not intend to use or forward the requested copies for surveys, marketing, solicitation, or resale for commercial purposes.

(c) "Commercial" means profit-seeking production, buying, or selling of any good, service, or other product.

(d) "Special extraction costs" means the cost of the time spent by the lowest paid employee competent to perform the task, the actual amount paid to outside private contractors employed by the secretary of state, or the actual cost incurred to create computer programs to make the special extraction. "Special extraction costs" include any charges paid to a public agency for computer or records services.

(4) For purposes of divisions (F)(2) and (3) of this section, "commercial surveys, marketing, solicitation, or resale" shall be narrowly construed and does not include reporting or gathering news, reporting or gathering information to assist citizen oversight or understanding of the operation or activities of government, or nonprofit educational research.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.523

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.524 Delay by filing office - UCC 9-524.

Delay by the filing office beyond a time limit prescribed by sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code is excused if:

(A) The delay is caused by interruption of communication or computer facilities, war, emergency conditions, failure of equipment, or other circumstances beyond control of the filing office; and

(B) The filing office exercises reasonable diligence under the circumstances.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.524

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.525 Fees - UCC 9-525.

(A) Except as provided in division (C) of this section, the fee for filing and indexing a record under sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code is twelve dollars.

(B) The fee for responding to a request for information from the filing office, including for communicating whether there is on file any financing statement naming a particular debtor is:

(1) Twenty dollars if the request is communicated in writing, and

(2) Twenty dollars if the request is communicated by another medium authorized by the filing office rule.

However, the fee otherwise required under division (B) of this section is five dollars if the request is limited to communicating only whether there is on file any financing statement naming a particular debtor and the name of the secured party or record relating thereto. Division (B) of this section does not require that a fee be charged for remote access searching of the filing office data base.

(C) This section does not require a fee with respect to a record of a mortgage that is effective as a financing statement filed as a fixture filing or as a financing statement covering as-extracted collateral or timber to be cut under division (C) of section 1309.502 of the Revised Code. However, the recording and satisfaction fees that otherwise would be applicable to the record of the mortgage apply.

(D) Any person may request from the secretary of state a copy of any financing statement naming a particular debtor, owner, or lessee, and of any statement of assignment of the financing agreement, that is on file with the secretary of state. The request shall be made in writing to the secretary of state, and the secretary of state shall charge and collect a fee of five dollars for each copy requested.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.525

Effective Date: 09-05-2001

1309.526 Filing-office rules - UCC 9-526.

(A) The secretary of state shall adopt rules to implement this chapter. The filing-office rules shall be:

(1) Consistent with this chapter; and

(2) Adopted in accordance with Chapter 119. of the Revised Code.

(B) To keep the filing-office rules and practices of the filing office in harmony with the rules and practices of filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code, and to keep the technology used by the filing office compatible with the technology used by filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially those sections, the secretary of state, so far as is consistent with the purposes, policies, and provisions of this chapter, shall do all of the following in adopting, amending, and repealing filing-office rules:

(1) Consult with filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code;

(2) Consult the most recent version of the model rules promulgated by the international association of corporate administrators or any successor organization; and

(3) Take into consideration the rules and practices of, and the technology used by, filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.526

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.527 Duty to report - UCC 9-527.

The secretary of state shall report by December 31 in each even-numbered year to the general assembly on the operation of the filing office. The report shall contain a statement of the extent to which:

(A) The filing-office rules are not in harmony with the rules of filing offices in other jurisdictions that enact substantially sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code and the reasons for these variations; and

(B) The filing-office rules are not in harmony with the most recent version of the model rules promulgated by the international association of corporate administrators, or any successor organization, and the reasons for these variations.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.527

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.528 Corporate and uniform commercial code filing fund - UCC 9-528.

All fees collected by the secretary of state for filings under Title XIII or XVII of the Revised Code shall be deposited into the state treasury to the credit of the corporate and uniform commercial code filing fund, which is hereby created. All moneys credited to the fund shall be used for the purpose of paying for the operations of the office of the secretary of state and for the purpose of paying for expenses relating to the processing of filings under Title XIII or XVII of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.528

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.28, HB 153, §101.01, eff. 6/30/2011.

Effective Date: 12-13-2001

1309.529 Distributions of fees to county recorders - UCC 9-529.

(A) The secretary of state shall distribute to the county recorders of the counties of this state an amount equal to the fees collected by the secretary of state for filing and indexing financing statements communicated to the office of the secretary of state in writing under division (A) of section 1309.525 of the Revised Code, to the extent that the general assembly appropriates money for that purpose, multiplied by the following percentages:

(1) For the period of July 1, 2001, to June 30, 2002, that amount multiplied by fifty per cent.

(2) For the period of July 1, 2002, to June 30, 2003, that amount multiplied by forty per cent.

(3) For the period of July 1, 2003, to June 30, 2004, that amount multiplied by thirty per cent.

(4) For the period of July 1, 2004, to June 30, 2005, that amount multiplied by twenty per cent.

(5) For the period of July 1, 2005, to June 30, 2006, that amount multiplied by ten per cent.

(B) The secretary of state shall make distributions to the county recorders pursuant to division (A) of this section so that the county recorder of each county receives a share of the aggregate amount so distributed equal to, as nearly as may be, the percentage that the fees collected by that county recorder under sections 1309.38 to 1309.431 of the Revised Code for calendar year 1998 bore to the total of the fees collected by the county recorders of all counties under those sections for that calendar year. The percentage allocations among the county recorders of the counties shall be based upon the fee collection information for calendar year 1998 for each county provided to the secretary of state on or before October 31, 2001, by the association of county recorders of this state. The secretary of state may distribute those amounts from time to time as the secretary of state so determines but no less frequently than annually, and in any case shall commence those distributions not later than September 30, 2002.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.529

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.601 Rights after default - judicial enforcement - consignor or buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes - UCC 9-601.

(A) After default, a secured party has the rights provided in sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code and, except as otherwise provided in section 1309.602 of the Revised Code, those provided by agreement of the parties. A secured party:

(1) May reduce a claim to judgment, foreclose, or otherwise enforce the claim, security interest, or agricultural lien by any available judicial procedure; and

(2) If the collateral is documents, proceed either as to the documents or as to the goods they cover.

(B) A secured party in possession of collateral or control of collateral under section 1307.106 , 1309.104 , 1309.105 , 1309.106 , or 1309.107 of the Revised Code has the rights and duties provided in section 1309.207 of the Revised Code.

(C) The rights under divisions (A) and (B) of this section are cumulative and may be exercised simultaneously.

(D) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section and section 1309.605 of the Revised Code, after default, a debtor and an obligor have the rights provided in sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code and by agreement of the parties.

(E) If a secured party has reduced its claim to judgment, the lien of any levy that may be made upon the collateral by virtue of an execution based upon the judgment relates back to the earliest of:

(1) The date of perfection of the security interest or agricultural lien in the collateral;

(2) The date of filing a financing statement covering the collateral; or

(3) Any date specified in a statute under which the agricultural lien was created.

(F) A sale pursuant to an execution is a foreclosure of the security interest or agricultural lien by judicial procedure within the meaning of this section. A secured party may purchase at the sale and after the sale may hold the collateral free of any other requirements of this chapter.

(G) Except as provided in division (C) of section 1309.607 of the Revised Code, sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code do not impose any duties upon a secured party who is a consignor or a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.601

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.9, HB 9, §1, eff. 6/29/2011.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.602 Waiver and variance of rights and duties - UCC 9-602.

Except as otherwise provided in section 1309.624 of the Revised Code, to the extent that they give rights to a debtor or obligor and impose duties on a secured party, the debtor or obligor may not waive or vary the following provisions of the Revised Code;

(A) Division (B)(4)(c) of section 1309.207 of the Revised Code, which relates to the use and operation of the collateral by the secured party;

(B) Section 1309.210 of the Revised Code, which relates to requests for an accounting and requests concerning a list of collateral and statement of account;

(C) Division (C) of section 1309.607 of the Revised Code, which relates to the collection and enforcement of collateral;

(D) Division (A) of section 1309.608 and division (C) of section 1309.615 of the Revised Code to the extent that they relate to the application or payment of noncash proceeds of collection, enforcement, or disposition;

(E) Division (A) of section 1309.608 and division (D) of section 1309.615 of the Revised Code to the extent that they require accounting for or payment of surplus proceeds of collateral;

(F) Section 1309.609 of the Revised Code to the extent that it imposes upon a secured party who takes possession of collateral without judicial process the duty to do so without breach of the peace;

(G) Division (B) of section 1309.610 and sections 1309.611 , 1309.613 , and 1309.614 of the Revised Code, which relate to the disposition of collateral;

(H) Division (F) of section 1309.615 , which relates to the calculation of a deficiency or surplus when a disposition is made to the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor;

(I) Section 1309.616 of the Revised Code, which relates to the explanation of the calculation of a surplus or deficiency;

(J) Sections 1309.620 , 1309.621 , and 1309.622 of the Revised Code, which relate to the acceptance of collateral in satisfaction of obligation;

(K) Section 1309.623 of the Revised Code, which relates to redemption of collateral;

(L) Section 1309.624 of the Revised Code, which relates to permissible waivers; and

(M) Sections 1309.625 and 1309.626 of the Revised Code, which relate to the secured party's liability for failure to comply with this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.602

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.603 Agreement on standards concerning rights and duties - UCC 9-603.

(A) The parties may determine by agreement the standards measuring the fulfillment of the rights of a debtor or obligor and the duties of a secured party under section 1309.602 of the Revised Code if the standards are not manifestly unreasonable.

(B) Division (A) of this section does not apply to the duty imposed under section 1309.609 of the Revised Code to refrain from breaching the peace.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.603

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.604 Procedure if security agreement covers real property or fixtures - UCC 9-604.

(A) If a security agreement covers both personal and real property, a secured party may proceed:

(1) Under sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code as to the personal property without prejudicing any rights with respect to the real property; or

(2) As to both the personal property and the real property, in accordance with the rights with respect to the real property, in which case the other provisions of sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code do not apply.

(B) Subject to division (C) of this section, if a security agreement covers goods that are or become fixtures, a secured party may proceed:

(1) Under sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code; or

(2) In accordance with the rights with respect to real property, in which case the other provisions of sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code do not apply.

(C) Subject to the other provisions of sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code, if a secured party holding a security interest in fixtures has priority over all owners and encumbrancers of the real property, the secured party, after default, may remove the collateral from the real property.

(D) A secured party who removes collateral shall reimburse promptly any encumbrancer or owner of the real property, other than the debtor, for the cost of repair of any physical injury caused by the removal. The secured party need not reimburse the encumbrancer or owner for any diminution in value of the real property caused by the absence of the goods removed or by any necessity of replacing them. A person entitled to reimbursement may refuse permission to remove until the secured party gives adequate assurance for the performance of the obligation to reimburse.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.604

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.605 Unknown debtor or secondary obligor - UCC 9-605.

A secured party does not owe a duty based on its status as secured party:

(A) To a person who is a debtor or obligor, unless the secured party knows:

(1) That the person is a debtor or obligor;

(2) The identity of the person; and

(3) How to communicate with the person; or

(B) To a secured party or lienholder who has filed a financing statement against a person, unless the secured party knows:

(1) That the person is a debtor; and

(2) The identity of the person.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.605

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.606 Time for default for agricultural lien - UCC 9-606.

For purposes of sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code, a default occurs in connection with an agricultural lien at the time the secured party becomes entitled to enforce the lien in accordance with the statute under which it was created.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.606

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.607 Collection and enforcement by secured party - UCC 9-607.

(A) If so agreed, and in any event after default, a secured party:

(1) May notify an account debtor or other person obligated on collateral to make payment or otherwise render performance to or for the benefit of the secured party;

(2) May take any proceeds to which the secured party is entitled under section 1309.315 of the Revised Code;

(3) May enforce the obligations of an account debtor or other person obligated on collateral and exercise the rights of the debtor with respect to the obligation of the account debtor or other person obligated on collateral to make payment or otherwise render performance to the debtor, and with respect to any property that secures the obligations of the account debtor or other person obligated on the collateral;

(4) If it holds a security interest in a deposit account perfected by control under division (A)(1) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code, may apply the balance of the deposit account to the obligation secured by the deposit account; and

(5) If it holds a security interest in a deposit account perfected by control under division (A)(2) or (3) of section 1309.104 of the Revised Code, may instruct the bank to pay the balance of the deposit account to or for the benefit of the secured party.

(B) If necessary to enable a secured party to exercise the right of a debtor to enforce a mortgage nonjudicially under division (A)(3) of this section, the secured party may record in the office in which a record of the mortgage is recorded:

(1) A copy of the security agreement that creates or provides for a security interest in the obligation secured by the mortgage; and

(2) The secured party's sworn affidavit in recordable form stating that:

(a) A default has occurred with respect to the obligation secured by the mortgage; and

(b) The secured party is entitled to enforce the mortgage nonjudicially.

(C) A secured party shall proceed in a commercially reasonable manner if the secured party:

(1) Undertakes to collect from or enforce an obligation of an account debtor or other person obligated on collateral; and

(2) Is entitled to charge back uncollected collateral or otherwise to full or limited recourse against the debtor or a secondary obligor.

(D) A secured party may deduct from the collections made pursuant to division (C) of this section reasonable expenses of collection and enforcement, including reasonable attorney's fees and legal expenses incurred by the secured party.

(E) This section does not determine whether an account debtor, bank, or other person obligated on collateral owes a duty to a secured party.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.607

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.94, SB 208, §1, eff. 7/1/2013.

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.608 Application of proceeds of collection or enforcement - liability for deficiency and right to surplus - UCC 9-608.

(A) If a security interest or agricultural lien secures payment or performance of an obligation, the following rules apply:

(1) A secured party shall apply or pay over for application the cash proceeds of collection or enforcement under section 1309.607 of the Revised Code in the following order:

(a) The reasonable expenses of collection and enforcement and, to the extent provided for by agreement and not prohibited by law, reasonable attorney's fees and legal expenses incurred by the secured party;

(b) The satisfaction of obligations secured by the security interest or agricultural lien under which the collection or enforcement is made; and

(c) The satisfaction of obligations secured by any subordinate security interest in or other lien on the collateral subject to the security interest or agricultural lien under which the collection or enforcement is made if the secured party receives an authenticated demand for proceeds before distribution of the proceeds is completed.

(2) If requested by a secured party, a holder of a subordinate security interest or other lien shall furnish reasonable proof of the interest or lien within a reasonable time. Unless the holder complies, the secured party is not required to comply with the holder's demand made under division (A)(1)(c) of this section.

(3) A secured party is not required to apply or pay over for application noncash proceeds of collection and enforcement under section 1309.607 of the Revised Code unless the failure to do so would be commercially unreasonable. A secured party who applies or pays over for application noncash proceeds shall do so in a commercially reasonable manner.

(4) A secured party shall account to and pay a debtor for any surplus, and the obligor is liable for any deficiency.

(B) If the underlying transaction is a sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes, the debtor is not entitled to any surplus, and the obligor is not liable for any deficiency.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.608

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.609 Secured party's right to take possession after default - UCC 9-609.

(A) After default, a secured party:

(1) May take possession of the collateral; and

(2) Without removal, may render equipment unusable and dispose of collateral on a debtor's premises under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code.

(B) A secured party may act under division (A) of this section:

(1) Pursuant to judicial process; or

(2) Without judicial process if it acts without breach of the peace.

(C) If so agreed, and in any event after default, a secured party may require the debtor to assemble the collateral and make it available to the secured party at a place that is designated by the secured party and that is reasonably convenient to both parties.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.609

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.610 Disposition of collateral after default - UCC 9-610.

(A) After default, a secured party may sell, lease, license, or otherwise dispose of any or all of the collateral in its present condition or following any commercially reasonable preparation or processing.

(B) Every aspect of a disposition of collateral, including the method, manner, time, place, and other terms, must be commercially reasonable. If commercially reasonable, a secured party may dispose of collateral by public or private proceedings, by one or more contracts, as a unit or in parcels, at any time and place, and on any terms.

(C) A secured party may purchase collateral:

(1) At a public disposition; or

(2) At a private disposition, but only if the collateral is of a kind that is customarily sold on a recognized market or the subject of widely distributed standard price quotations.

(D) A contract for a sale, lease, license, or other disposition includes the warranties relating to title, possession, quiet enjoyment, and the like that by operation of law accompany a voluntary disposition of property of the kind subject to the contract.

(E) A secured party may disclaim or modify warranties under division (D) of this section:

(1) In a manner that would be effective to disclaim or modify the warranties in a voluntary disposition of property of the kind subject to the contract of disposition; or

(2) By communicating to the purchaser a record evidencing the contract for disposition and including an express disclaimer or modification of the warranties.

(F) A record is sufficient to disclaim warranties under division (E) of this section if it indicates "There is no warranty relating to title, possession, quiet enjoyment, or the like in this disposition" or uses words of similar import.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.610

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.611 Notification before disposition of collateral - UCC 9-611.

(A) As used in this section, "notification date" means the earlier of the date on which:

(1) A secured party sends to the debtor and any secondary obligor an authenticated notification of disposition. or

(2) The debtor and any secondary obligor waive the right to notification.

(B) Except as provided in division (D) of this section, a secured party who disposes of collateral under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code shall send a reasonable authenticated notification of disposition to the persons specified in division (C) of this section.

(C) To comply with division (B) of this section, the secured party shall send an authenticated notification of disposition to:

(1) The debtor;

(2) Any secondary obligor; and

(3) If the collateral is other than consumer goods:

(a) Any other person from whom the secured party has received, before the notification date, an authenticated notification of a claim of an interest in the collateral;

(b) Any other secured party or lienholder who, ten days before the notification date, held a security interest in or other lien on the collateral perfected by the filing of a financing statement that:

(i) Identified the collateral;

(ii) Was indexed under the debtor's name as of that date; and

(iii) Was filed in the office in which to file a financing statement against the debtor covering the collateral as of that date; and

(c) Any other secured party who, ten days before the notification date, held a security interest in the collateral perfected by compliance with a statute, rule, or treaty described in division (A) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code.

(D) Division (B) of this section does not apply if the collateral is perishable or threatens to decline speedily in value or is of a type customarily sold on a recognized market.

(E) A secured party complies with the requirement for notification prescribed by division (C)(3)(b) of this section if:

(1) Not later than twenty days nor earlier than thirty days before the notification date, the secured party requests, in a commercially reasonable manner, information concerning financing statements indexed under the debtor's name in the office indicated in division (C)(3)(b) of this section; and

(2) Before the notification date, the secured party:

(a) Did not receive a response to the request for information; or

(b) Received a response to the request for information and sent an authenticated notification of disposition to each secured party or other lienholder named in that response whose financing statement covered the collateral.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.611

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.612 Timeliness of notification before disposition of collateral - UCC 9-612.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (B) of this section, whether a notification is sent within a reasonable time is a question of fact.

(B) A notification of disposition sent after default and ten days or more before the earliest time of disposition set forth in the notification is sent within a reasonable time before the disposition.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.612

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.613 Contents and form of notification before disposition of collateral - general - UCC 9-613.

(A) Except in a consumer-goods transaction, all of the following rules apply to a notification of disposition of collateral and to a disposition of collateral:

(1) The contents of a notification of disposition are sufficient if the notification:

(a) Describes the debtor and the secured party;

(b) Describes the collateral that is the subject of the intended disposition;

(c) States the method of intended disposition;

(d) States that the debtor is entitled to an accounting of the unpaid indebtedness and states the charge, if any, for an accounting; and

(e) States the time and place, by identifying the place of business or address or by providing other information that, in each case, reasonably describes the location, of a public disposition or the time after which any other disposition is to be made.

(2) Whether the contents of a notification that lacks any of the information specified in division (A)(1) of this section are nevertheless sufficient is a question of fact.

(3) The contents of a notification providing substantially the information specified in division (A)(1) of this section are sufficient, even if the notification includes:

(a) Information not specified by that division; or

(b) Minor errors that are not seriously misleading.

(4) A particular phrasing of the notification is not required.

(B) The following form of notification and the form appearing in division (B) of section 1309.614 of the Revised Code, when completed, each provides sufficient information:

"NOTIFICATION OF DISPOSITION OF COLLATERAL

To: (Name of debtor, obligor, or other person to whom the notification is sent)

From: (Name, address, and telephone number of secured party)

Name of Debtor(s): (Include only if debtor(s) are not an addressee)

(FOR A PUBLIC DISPOSITION:)

We will sell (or lease or license, as applicable) the (describe collateral) to the highest qualified bidder in public as follows:

Day and Date:.............

Time:.....................

Place:....................

(FOR A PRIVATE DISPOSITION:)

We will sell (or lease or license, as applicable) the (describe collateral) privately sometime after (day and date).

You are entitled to an accounting of the unpaid indebtedness secured by the property that we intend to sell (or lease or license, as applicable) (for a charge of $.........). You may request an accounting by calling us at (telephone number)."

Cite as R.C. § 1309.613

Effective Date: 07-01-2001; 11-05-2004

1309.614 Contents and form of notification before disposition of collateral - consumer-goods transaction - UCC 9-614.

(A) In a consumer-goods transaction, the following rules apply:

(1) A notification of disposition must provide all of the following information:

(a) The information specified in division (A)(1) of section 1309.613 of the Revised Code;

(b) A description of any liability for a deficiency of the person to whom the notification is sent;

(c) A telephone number from which the amount that must be paid to the secured party to redeem the collateral under section 1309.623 of the Revised Code is available; and

(d) A telephone number or mailing address from which additional information concerning the disposition and the obligation secured is available.

(2) A particular phrasing of the notification is not required.

(B) The following form of notification of disposition, when completed, provides sufficient information:

"(Name and address of secured party)

(Date)

NOTICE OF OUR PLAN TO SELL PROPERTY

(Name and address of any obligor who is also a debtor)

Subject: (Identification of Transaction)

We have your (describe collateral), because you broke promises in our agreement.

(For a public disposition)

We will sell (describe collateral) at public sale. A sale could include a lease or license. The sale will be held as follows:

Day and date: .....................................................................

Time: ..................................................................................

Place: .................................................................................

You may attend the sale and bring bidders if you want.

(For a private disposition)

We will sell (describe collateral) at private sale sometime after (date). A sale could include a lease or license.

The money that we get from the sale (after paying our costs) will reduce the amount you owe. If we get less money than you owe, you (will or will not, as applicable) still owe us the difference. If we get more money than you owe, you will get the extra money, unless we must pay it to someone else. You can get the property back at any time before we sell it by paying us the full amount you owe (not just the past due payments), including our expenses. To learn the exact amount you must pay, call us at (telephone number).

If you want us to explain to you in writing how we have figured the amount that you owe us, you may call us at (telephone number) (or write us at (secured party's address)) and request a written explanation. (We will charge you $ ...... for the explanation if we sent you another written explanation of the amount you owe us within the last six months.)

If you need more information about the sale, call us at (telephone number) (or write us at (secured party's address)).

We are sending this notice to the following other people who have an interest in (describe collateral) or who owe money under your agreement:

(Names of all other debtors and obligors, if any)."

(C) A notification in, the form contained in division (B) of this section is sufficient, even if additional information appears at the end of the form.

(D) A notification in the form of division (B) of this section is sufficient, even if it includes errors in information not required by division (A)(1) of this section, unless the error is misleading with respect to rights arising under this chapter.

(E) If a notification under this section is not in the form contained in division (B) of this section, law other than this chapter determines the effect of including information not required by division (A)(1) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.614

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.615 Application of proceeds of disposition - liability for deficiency and right to surplus - UCC 9-615.

(A) A secured party shall apply or pay over for application the cash proceeds of disposition under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code in the following order to:

(1) The reasonable expenses of retaking, holding, preparing for disposition, processing, and disposing, and, to the extent provided for by agreement and not prohibited by law, reasonable attorney's fees and legal expenses incurred by the secured party;

(2) The satisfaction of obligations secured by the security interest or agricultural lien under which the disposition is made;

(3) The satisfaction of obligations secured by any subordinate security interest in or other subordinate lien on the collateral if:

(a) The secured party receives from the holder of the subordinate security interest or other lien an authenticated demand for proceeds before distribution of the proceeds is completed; and

(b) In a case in which a consignor has an interest in the collateral, the subordinate security interest or other lien is senior to the interest of the consignor; and

(4) A secured party who is a consignor of the collateral if the secured party receives from the consignor an authenticated demand for proceeds before distribution of the proceeds is completed.

(B) If a secured party so requests, a holder of a subordinate security interest or other lien shall furnish reasonable proof of the interest or lien within a reasonable time. Unless the holder does so, the secured party is not required to comply with the holder's demand under division (A)(3) of this section.

(C) A secured party is not required to apply or pay over for application noncash proceeds of disposition under section 1309.610 unless the failure to do so would be commercially unreasonable. A secured party who applies or pays over for application noncash proceeds shall do so in a commercially reasonable manner.

(D) If the security interest under which a disposition is made secures payment or performance of an obligation, after making the payments and applications required by division (A) of this section and permitted by division (C) of this section:

(1) Unless division (A)(4) of this section requires the secured party to apply or pay over cash proceeds to a consignor, the secured party shall account to and pay a debtor for any surplus; and

(2) The obligor is liable for any deficiency.

(E) If the underlying transaction is a sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes, the debtor is not entitled to any surplus, and the obligor is not liable for any deficiency.

(F) The surplus or deficiency following a disposition is calculated based on the amount of proceeds that would have been realized in a disposition complying with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code to a transferee other than the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor if:

(1) The transferee in the disposition is the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor; and

(2) The amount of proceeds of the disposition is significantly below the range of proceeds that a complying disposition to a person other than the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor would have brought.

(G) A secured party who receives cash proceeds of a disposition in good faith and without knowledge that the receipt violates the rights of the holder of a security interest or other lien that is not subordinate to the security interest or agricultural lien under which the disposition is made:

(1) Takes the cash proceeds free of the security interest or other lien;

(2) Is not obligated to apply the proceeds of the disposition to the satisfaction of obligations secured by the security interest or other lien; and

(3) Is not obligated to account to or pay the holder of the security interest or other lien for any surplus.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.615

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.616 Explanation of calculation of surplus or deficiency - UCC 9-616.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) "Explanation" means a writing that:

(a) States the amount of the surplus or deficiency;

(b) Provides an explanation in accordance with division (C) of this section of how the secured party calculated the surplus or deficiency;

(c) States, if applicable, that future debits, credits, charges, including additional credit service charges or interest, rebates, and expenses may affect the amount of the surplus or deficiency; and

(d) Provides a telephone number or mailing address from which additional information concerning the transaction is available.

(2) "Request" means a record:

(a) Authenticated by a debtor or consumer obligor;

(b) Requests that the recipient provide an explanation; and

(c) Sent after disposition of the collateral under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code.

(B) In a consumer-goods transaction in which the debtor is entitled to a surplus or a consumer obligor is liable for a deficiency under section 1309.615 of the Revised Code, the secured party shall:

(1) Send an explanation to the debtor or consumer obligor, as applicable, after the disposition and:

(a) Before or when the secured party accounts to the debtor and pays any surplus or first makes written demand on the consumer obligor after the disposition for payment of the deficiency; and

(b) Within fourteen days after receipt of a request; or

(2) In the case of a consumer obligor who is liable for a deficiency, within fourteen days after receipt of a request, send to the consumer obligor a record waiving the secured party's right to a deficiency.

(C) To comply with division (A)(1)(b) of this section, a writing must provide all of the following information in the following order:

(1) The aggregate amount of obligations secured by the security interest under which the disposition was made, and, if the amount reflects a rebate of unearned interest or credit service charge, an indication of that fact, calculated as of a specified date:

(a) If the secured party takes or receives possession of the collateral after default, not more than thirty-five days before the secured party takes or receives possession; or

(b) If the secured party takes or receives possession of the collateral before default or does not take possession of the collateral, not more than thirty-five days before the disposition;

(2) The amount of proceeds of the disposition;

(3) The aggregate amount of the obligations after deducting the amount of proceeds;

(4) The amount, in the aggregate or by type, and types of expenses, including expenses of retaking, holding, preparing for disposition, processing, and disposing of the collateral, and attorney's fees secured by the collateral that are known to the secured party and relate to the current disposition;

(5) The amount, in the aggregate or by type, and types of credits, including rebates of interest or credit service charges, to which the obligor is known to be entitled and that are not reflected in the amount in division (C)(1) of this section; and

(6) The amount of the surplus or deficiency.

(D) A particular phrasing of the explanation is not required. An explanation that complies substantially with the requirements of division (A) of this section is sufficient, even if it includes minor errors that are not seriously misleading.

(E) A debtor or consumer obligor is entitled without charge to one response to a request under this section during any six-month period in which the secured party did not send to the debtor or consumer obligor an explanation pursuant to division (B)(1) of this section. The secured party may require payment of a charge not exceeding twenty-five dollars for each additional response.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.616

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.617 Rights of transferee of collateral - UCC 9-617.

(A) A secured party's disposition of collateral after default:

(1) Transfers to a transferee for value all of the debtor's rights in the collateral;

(2) Discharges the security interest under which the disposition is made; and

(3) Discharges any subordinate security interest or other subordinate lien other than the liens specified in division (D) of section 1309.109 of the Revised Code.

(B) A transferee who acts in good faith takes free of the rights and interests described in division (A) of this section, even if the secured party fails to comply with this chapter or the requirements of any judicial proceeding.

(C) If a transferee does not take free of the rights and interests described in division (A) of this section, the transferee takes the collateral subject to:

(1) The debtor's rights in the collateral;

(2) The security interest or agricultural lien under which the disposition is made; and

(3) Any other security interest or other lien.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.617

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.618 Rights and duties of certain secondary obligors - UCC 9-618.

(A) A secondary obligor acquires the rights and becomes obligated to perform the duties of the secured party after the secondary obligor:

(1) Receives an assignment of a secured obligation from the secured party;

(2) Receives a transfer of collateral from the secured party and agrees to accept the rights and assume the duties of the secured party; or

(3) Is subrogated to the rights of a secured party with respect to collateral.

(B) An assignment, transfer, or subrogation described in division (A) of this section:

(1) Is not a disposition of collateral under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code; and

(2) Relieves the secured party of further duties under this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.618

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.619 Transfer of record or legal title - UCC 9-619.

(A) As used in this section, "transfer statement" means a record authenticated by a secured party that states:

(1) The debtor has defaulted in connection with an obligation secured by specified collateral;

(2) The secured party has exercised its post-default remedies with respect to the collateral;

(3) By reason of the exercise, a transferee has acquired the rights of the debtor in the collateral; and

(4) The name and mailing address of the secured party, debtor, and transferee.

(B) A transfer statement entitles the transferee to the transfer of record of all rights of the debtor in the collateral specified in the statement in any official filing, recording, registration, or certificate of title system covering the collateral. If a transfer statement is presented with the applicable fee and request form to the official or office responsible for maintaining the system, the official or office shall:

(1) Accept the transfer statement;

(2) Promptly amend its records to reflect the transfer; and

(3) If applicable, issue a new appropriate certificate of title in the name of the transferee.

(C) A transfer of the record or legal title to collateral to a secured party under division (B) of this section or otherwise is not of itself a disposition of collateral under this chapter and does not of itself relieve the secured party of its duties under this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.619

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.620 Acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of obligation - compulsory disposition of collateral - UCC 9-620.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in division (G) of this section, a secured party may accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if:

(1) The debtor consents to the acceptance under division (C) of this section;

(2) The secured party, within the time prescribed in division (D) of this section, does not receive a notification of objection to the proposal authenticated by:

(a) A person to whom the secured party was required to send a proposal under section 1309.621 of the Revised Code; or

(b) Any other person, other than the debtor, holding an interest in the collateral subordinate to the security interest that is the subject of the proposal.

(3) If the collateral is consumer goods, the collateral is not in the possession of the debtor when the debtor consents to the acceptance; and

(4) Division (E) of this section does not require the secured party to dispose of the collateral, or the debtor waives the requirement pursuant to section 1309.624 of the Revised Code.

(B) A purported or apparent acceptance of collateral under this section is not effective unless:

(1) The secured party consents to the acceptance in an authenticated record or sends a proposal to the debtor; and

(2) The conditions of division (A) of this section are met.

(C) For purposes of this section:

(1) A debtor consents to an acceptance of collateral in partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if the debtor agrees to the terms of the acceptance in a record authenticated after default; and

(2) A debtor consents to an acceptance of collateral in full satisfaction of the obligation it secures only if the debtor agrees to the terms of the acceptance in a record authenticated after default or the secured party:

(a) Sends to the debtor after default a proposal that is unconditional or subject only to a condition that collateral not in the possession of the secured party be preserved or maintained;

(b) In the proposal, proposes to accept collateral in full satisfaction of the obligation it secures; and

(c) Does not receive a notification of objection authenticated by the debtor within twenty days after the proposal is sent.

(D) To be effective under division (A)(2) of this section, a notification of objection must be received by the secured party:

(1) In the case of a person to whom the proposal was sent pursuant to section 1309.621 of the Revised Code, within twenty days after notification was sent to that person; and

(2) In the case of persons other than those described in division (D)(1) of this section:

(a) Within twenty days after the last notification was sent pursuant to section 1309.621 of the Revised Code; or

(b) If a notification was not sent, before the debtor consents to the acceptance under division (C) of this section.

(E) A secured party who has taken possession of collateral shall dispose of the collateral pursuant to section 1309.610 of the Revised Code within the time specified in division (F) of this section if:

(1) Sixty per cent of the cash price has been paid in the case of a purchase-money security interest in consumer goods; or

(2) Sixty per cent of the principal amount of the obligation secured has been paid in the case of a non-purchase-money security interest in consumer goods.

(F) To comply with division (E) of this section, the secured party shall dispose of the collateral:

(1) Within ninety days after taking possession; or

(2) Within any longer period to which the debtor and all secondary obligors have agreed in an agreement to that effect entered into and authenticated after default.

(G) In a consumer transaction, a secured party may not accept collateral in partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.620

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.621 Notification of proposal to accept collateral - UCC 9-621.

(A) A secured party who desires to accept collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures shall send its proposal to:

(1) Any person from whom the secured party has received, before the debtor consented to the acceptance, an authenticated notification of a claim of an interest in the collateral;

(2) Any other secured party or lienholder who, ten days before the debtor consented to the acceptance, held a security interest in or other lien on the collateral perfected by the filing of a financing statement that:

(a) Identified the collateral;

(b) Was indexed under the debtor's name as of that date;

(c) Was filed in the office or offices in which to file a financing statement against the debtor covering the collateral as of that date; and

(3) Any other secured party who, ten days before the debtor consented to the acceptance, held a security interest in the collateral perfected by compliance with a statute, regulation, or treaty described in division (A) of section 1309.311 of the Revised Code.

(B) A secured party who desires to accept collateral in partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures shall send its proposal to any secondary obligor in addition to the persons described in division (A) of this section.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.621

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.622 Effect of acceptance of collateral - UCC 9-622.

(A) A secured party's acceptance of collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures:

(1) Discharges the obligation to the extent consented to by the debtor;

(2) Transfers to the secured party all of a debtor's rights in the collateral;

(3) Discharges the security interest or agricultural lien that is the subject of the debtor's consent and any subordinate security interest or other subordinate lien; and

(4) Terminates any other subordinate interest.

(B) A subordinate interest is discharged or terminated under division (A) of this section even if the secured party fails to comply with this chapter.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.622

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.623 Right to redeem collateral - UCC 9-623.

(A) A debtor, any secondary obligor, or any other secured party or lienholder may redeem collateral.

(B) To redeem collateral, a person shall tender:

(1) Fulfillment of all obligations secured by the collateral; and

(2) The reasonable expenses and attorney's fees described in division (A)(1) of section 1309.615 of the Revised Code.

(C) A redemption may occur at any time before a secured party:

(1) Has collected collateral under section 1309.607 of the Revised Code;

(2) Has disposed of collateral or entered into a contract for its disposition under section 1309.610 of the Revised Code; or

(3) Has accepted collateral in full or partial satisfaction of the obligation it secures under section 1309.622 of the Revised Code.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.623

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.624 Waiver - UCC 9-624.

(A) A debtor or secondary obligor may waive the right to notification of disposition of collateral under section 1309.611 of the Revised Code only by an agreement to that effect entered into and authenticated after default.

(B) A debtor may waive the right to require disposition of collateral under division (E) of section 1309.620 of the Revised Code only by an agreement to that effect entered into and authenticated after default.

(C) Except in a consumer-goods transaction, a debtor or secondary obligor may waive the right to redeem collateral under section 1309.623 of the Revised Code only by an agreement to that effect entered into and authenticated after default.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.624

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.625 Remedies for secured party's failure to comply with chapter - UCC 9-625.

(A) If it is established that a secured party is not proceeding in accordance with this chapter, a court may order or restrain collection, enforcement, or disposition of collateral on appropriate terms and conditions.

(B) Subject to divisions (C), (D), and (F) of this section, a person is liable for damages in the amount of any loss caused by a failure to comply with this chapter. Loss caused by a failure to comply may include loss resulting from the debtor's inability to obtain, or increased costs of, alternative financing.

(C) Except as provided in section 1309.628 of the Revised Code:

(1) A person who, at the time of the failure, was a debtor, was an obligor, or held a security interest in or other lien on the collateral may recover damages under division (B) of this section for its loss; and

(2) If the collateral is consumer goods, a person who was a debtor or a secondary obligor at the time a secured party failed to comply with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code may recover for that failure in any event an amount not less than the credit service charge plus ten per cent of the principal amount of the obligation or the time-price differential plus ten per cent of the cash price.

(D) A debtor whose deficiency is eliminated under section 1309.626 of the Revised Code may recover damages for the loss of any surplus. However, a debtor or secondary obligor whose deficiency is eliminated or reduced under section 1309.626 of the Revised Code may not recover otherwise under division (B) of this section for noncompliance with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code relating to collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance. Regardless of whether the debtor's or secondary obligor's deficiency is eliminated or reduced under section 1309.626 of the Revised Code, any damages recovered by the debtor or secondary obligor under division (C) of this section shall be reduced by the amount that the sum of the secured obligation, expenses, and attorney's fees exceeds the proceeds of collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance.

(E) In addition to any damages recoverable under division (B) of this section, the debtor, consumer obligor, or person named as a debtor in a filed record, as applicable, may recover five hundred dollars in each case from a person that:

(1) Fails to comply with section 1309.208 of the Revised Code;

(2) Fails to comply with section 1309.209 of the Revised Code;

(3) Files a record that the person is not entitled to file under division (A) of section 1309.509 of the Revised Code;

(4) Fails to cause the secured party of record to file or send a termination statement as required by division (A) or (C) of section 1309.513 of the Revised Code;

(5) Fails to comply with division (B)(1) of section 1309.616 of the Revised Code and whose failure is part of a pattern, or consistent with a practice, of noncompliance; or

(6) Fails to comply with division (B)(2) of section 1309.616 of the Revised Code.

(F) A debtor or consumer obligor may recover damages under division (B) of this section and, in addition, five hundred dollars in each case from a person who, without reasonable cause, fails to comply with a request under section 1309.210 of the Revised Code. A recipient of a request under section 1309.210 of the Revised Code who never claimed an interest in the collateral or obligations that are the subject of a request under that section has a reasonable excuse for failure to comply with the request within the meaning of this division.

(G) If a secured party fails to comply with a request regarding a list of collateral or a statement of account under section 1309.210 of the Revised Code, the secured party may claim a security interest only as shown in the list or statement included in the request as against a person who is reasonably misled by the failure.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.625

Effective Date: 07-01-2001; 11-05-2004

1309.626 Action in which deficiency or surplus is in issue - UCC 9-626.

In an action arising from a transaction in which the amount of a deficiency or surplus is in issue, the following rules apply:

(A) A secured party is not required to prove compliance with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code relating to collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance unless the debtor or a secondary obligor places the secured party's compliance in issue.

(B) If the secured party's compliance is placed in issue, the secured party has the burden of establishing that the collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance was conducted in accordance with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code.

(C) Except as provided in section 1309.628 of the Revised Code, if a secured party fails to prove that the collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance was conducted in accordance with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code relating to collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance, the liability of a debtor or a secondary obligor for a deficiency is limited to an amount by which the sum of the secured obligation, expenses, and attorney's fees exceeds the greater of:

(1) The proceeds of the collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance; or

(2) The amount of proceeds that would have been realized had the noncomplying secured party proceeded in accordance with sections 1309.601 to 1309.628 of the Revised Code relating to collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance.

(D) For purposes of division (C)(2) of this section, the amount of proceeds that would have been realized is equal to the sum of the secured obligation, expenses, and attorney's fees unless the secured party proves that the amount is less than that sum.

(E) If a deficiency or surplus is calculated under division (F) of section 1309.615 of the Revised Code, the debtor or obligor has the burden of establishing that the amount of proceeds of the disposition is significantly below the range of prices that a complying disposition to a person other than the secured party, a person related to the secured party, or a secondary obligor would have brought.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.626

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.627 Determination of whether conduct was commercially reasonable - UCC 9-627.

(A) The fact that a greater amount could have been obtained by a collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance at a different time or in a different method from that selected by the secured party is not of itself sufficient to preclude the secured party from establishing that the collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance was made in a commercially reasonable manner.

(B) A disposition of collateral is made in a commercially reasonable manner if the disposition is made:

(1) In the usual manner on any recognized market;

(2) At the price current in any recognized market at the time of the disposition; or

(3) Otherwise in conformity with reasonable commercial practices among dealers in the type of property that was the subject of the disposition.

(C) A collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance is commercially reasonable if it has been approved:

(1) In a judicial proceeding;

(2) By a bona fide creditors' committee;

(3) By a representative of creditors; or

(4) By an assignee for the benefit of creditors.

(D) Approval under division (C) of this section does not have to be obtained, and lack of approval does not mean that the collection, enforcement, disposition, or acceptance is not commercially reasonable.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.627

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.628 Nonliability and limitation on liability of secured party - liability of secondary obligor - UCC 9-628.

(A) Unless a secured party knows that a person is a debtor or obligor, knows the identity of the person, and knows how to communicate with the person:

(1) The secured party is not liable to the person, or to a secured party or lienholder that has filed a financing statement against the person, for failure to comply with this chapter; and

(2) The failure of the secured party to comply with this chapter does not affect the liability of the person for a deficiency.

(B) A secured party is not liable because of its status as secured party:

(1) To a person that is a debtor or obligor, unless the secured party knows;

(a) That the person is a debtor or obligor;

(b) The identity of the person; and

(c) How to communicate with the person; or

(2) To a secured party or lienholder that has filed a financing statement against a person, unless the secured party knows:

(a) That the person is a debtor; and

(b) The identity of the person.

(C) A secured party is not liable to any person, and a person's liability for a deficiency is not affected, because of any act or omission arising out of the secured party's reasonable belief that a transaction is not a consumer-goods transaction or a consumer transaction or that goods are not consumer goods, if the secured party's belief is based on its reasonable reliance on:

(1) A debtor's representation concerning the purpose for which collateral was to be used, acquired, or held; or

(2) An obligor's representation concerning the purpose for which a secured obligation was incurred.

(D) A secured party is not liable to any person under division (C)(2) of section 1309.625 of the Revised Code for its failure to comply with section 1309.616 of the Revised Code.

(E) A secured party is not liable under division (C)(2) of section 1309.625 of the Revised Code more than once with respect to any one secured obligation.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.628

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.702 Savings clause - UCC 9-702.

(A) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, this chapter applies to a transaction or lien within the scope of this chapter even if the transaction or lien was entered into or created before July 1, 2001.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in division (C) of this section and sections 1309.703 to 1309.709 of the Revised Code:

(1) Transactions or liens that were not governed by this chapter as it existed before July 1, 2001, were validly entered into or created prior to that date, and would be subject to this chapter if they had been entered into or created on or after that date, and the rights, duties, and interests related to those transactions or liens, remain valid on and after July 1, 2001; and

(2) The transactions and liens may be terminated, completed, consummated, or enforced as required or permitted by the law in effect immediately prior to July 1, 2001, or the law in effect on and after that date.

(C) This chapter does not affect an action, case, or proceeding commenced prior to July 1, 2001.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.702

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.703 Security interest perfected before effective date - UCC 9-703.

(A) A security interest that is enforceable immediately before July 1, 2001, and that would have priority over the rights of a person who becomes a lien creditor at that time is a perfected security interest under this chapter if, on July 1, 2001, the applicable requirements for enforceability and perfection under this chapter are satisfied without further action.

(B) Except as otherwise provided in section 1309.705 of the Revised Code, if, immediately before July 1, 2001, a security interest is enforceable and would have priority over the rights of a person who becomes a lien creditor at that time, but the applicable requirements for enforceability or perfection under this chapter are not satisfied on July 1, 2001, the security interest:

(1) Is a perfected security interest until July 1, 2002;

(2) Remains enforceable after the date specified in division (B)(1) of this section only if the security interest becomes enforceable under section 1309.203 of the Revised Code on or before July 1, 2002;

(3) Remains perfected after the date specified in division (B)(1) of this section only if the applicable requirements for perfection under this chapter are satisfied on or before July 1, 2002.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.703

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.704 Security interest unperfected before effective date - UCC 9-704.

A security interest that is enforceable immediately before July 1, 2001, but that would be subordinate to the rights of a person that becomes a lien creditor at that time:

(A) Remains an enforceable security interest until July 1, 2002;

(B) Remains enforceable after July 1, 2002, if the security interest becomes enforceable under section 1309.203 of the Revised Code on July 1, 2001, or by July 1, 2002; and

(C) Becomes perfected:

(1) Without further action on July 1, 2001, if the applicable requirements for perfection under this chapter are satisfied before or on that date; or

(2) When the applicable requirements for perfection are satisfied if the requirements are satisfied after July 1, 2001.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.704

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.705 Effectiveness of action taken before effective date - UCC 9-705.

(A) If action, other than the filing of a financing statement, is taken before July 1, 2001, and if the action would have resulted in priority of a security interest over the rights of a person who becomes a lien creditor had the security interest become enforceable before that date, the action is effective to perfect a security interest that attaches under this chapter within one year after that date. An attached security interest becomes unperfected on July 1, 2002, unless the security interest becomes a perfected security interest under this chapter on or before July 1, 2002.

(B) The filing of a financing statement before July 1, 2001, is effective to perfect a security interest to the extent the filing would satisfy the applicable requirements for perfection under this chapter on or after July 1, 2001.

(C) This chapter does not render ineffective an effective financing statement that, before July 1, 2001, is filed and satisfies the applicable requirements for perfection under the law of the jurisdiction governing perfection as provided in former section 1309.03 of the Revised Code. However, except as otherwise provided in divisions (D) and (E) of this section and section 1309.706 of the Revised Code, the financing statement ceases to be effective at the earlier of:

(1) The time the financing statement would have ceased to be effective under the law of the jurisdiction in which it is filed; or

(2) June 30, 2006.

(D) The filing of a continuation statement after July 1, 2001, does not continue the effectiveness of a financing statement filed before that date. However, upon the timely filing of a continuation statement after July 1, 2001, and in accordance with the law of the jurisdiction governing perfection as provided in sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, the effectiveness of a financing statement filed in the same office in that jurisdiction before July 1, 2001, continues for the period provided by the law of that jurisdiction.

(E) Division (C)(2) of this section applies to a financing statement that, before July 1, 2001, is filed against a transmitting utility and satisfies the applicable requirements for perfection under the law of the jurisdiction governing perfection as provided in section 1309.03 of the Revised Code, as it existed prior to July 1, 2001, only to the extent that sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code provide that the law of a jurisdiction other than the jurisdiction in which the financing statement is filed governs perfection of a security interest in collateral covered by the financing statement.

(F) A financing statement that includes a financing statement filed before July 1, 2001, and a continuation statement filed after that date is effective only to the extent that it satisfies the requirements of sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code, as they exist on July 1, 2001, for an initial financing statement.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.705

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.706 When initial financing statement suffices to continue effectiveness of financing statement - UCC 9-706.

(A) The filing of an initial financing statement in the office specified in section 1309.501 of the Revised Code continues the effectiveness of a financing statement filed before July 1, 2001, if:

(1) The filing of an initial financing statement in that office would be effective to perfect a security interest under this chapter.

(2) The financing statement filed before July 1, 2001, was filed in an office in another state or another office in this state; and

(3) The initial financing statement satisfies division (C) of this section.

(B) The filing of an initial financing statement under division (A) of this section continues the effectiveness of the financing statement filed before July 1, 2001:

(1) If the initial financing statement is filed before July 1, 2001, for the period provided in section 1309.40 of the Revised Code, as it existed prior to July 1, 2001, with respect to a financing statement; and

(2) If the initial financing statement is filed after July 1, 2001, for the period provided in section 1309.515 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001, with respect to an initial financing statement.

(C) To be effective for purposes of division (A) of this section, an initial financing statement shall:

(1) Satisfy the requirements of sections 1309.501 to 1309.527 of the Revised Code, as they exist on July 1, 2001, for an initial financing statement;

(2) Identify the financing statement filed before July 1, 2001, by indicating the office in which the financing statement was filed and providing the dates of filing and file numbers, if any, of the financing statement and of the most recent continuation statement filed with respect to the financing statement; and

(3) Indicate that the financing statement filed before July 1, 2001, remains effective.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.706

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.707 Pre-effective-date financing statement - UCC 9-707.

(A) As used in this section, "pre-effective-date financing statement" means a financing statement filed before July 1, 2001.

(B) On or after July 1, 2001, a person may add or delete collateral covered by, continue or terminate the effectiveness of, or otherwise amend the information provided in, a pre-effective-date financing statement only in accordance with the law of the jurisdiction governing perfection as provided in sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, as they exist on July 1, 2001. However, the effectiveness of a pre-effective-date financing statement also may be terminated in accordance with the law of the jurisdiction in which the financing statement is filed.

(C) Except as otherwise provided in division (D) of this section, if the law of this state governs perfection of a security interest, the information in a pre-effective-date financing statement may be amended after July 1, 2001, only if:

(1) The pre-effective-date financing statement and an amendment are filed in the office specified in section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001;

(2) An amendment is filed in the office specified in section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001, concurrently with, or after the filing in that office of, an initial financing statement that satisfies division (C) of section 1309.706 of the Revised Code as it exists on July 1, 2001.

(3) An initial financing statement that provides the information as amended and satisfies division (C) of section 1309.706 of the Revised Code as it exists on July 1, 2001 is filed in the office specified in section 1309.501 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001.

(D) If the law of this state governs perfection of a security interest, the effectiveness of a pre-effective-date financing statement may be continued only under division (D) or (F) of section 1309.705 or section 1309.706 of the Revised Code as it exists on July 1, 2001.

(E) Whether or not the law of this state governs perfection of a security interest, the effectiveness of a pre-effective-date financing statement filed in this state may be terminated after July 1, 2001, by filing a termination statement in the office in which the pre-effective-date financing statement is filed, unless an initial financing statement that satisfies division (C) of section 1309.706 of the Revised Code as it exists on July 1, 2001, has been filed in the office specified by the law of the jurisdiction governing perfection as provided in sections 1309.301 to 1309.342 of the Revised Code, as they exist on July 1, 2001, as the office in which to file a financing statement.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.707

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.708 Persons entitled to file initial financing statement or continuation statement - UCC 9-708.

A person may file an initial financing statement or a continuation statement under this section if:

(A) The secured party of record authorizes the filing; and

(B) The filing is necessary under this section:

(1) To continue the effectiveness of a financing statement filed before July 1, 2001; or

(2) To perfect or continue the perfection of a security interest.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.708

Effective Date: 07-01-2001

1309.709 Priority - UCC 9-709.

(A) This chapter determines the priority of conflicting claims to collateral. However, if the relative priorities of the claims were established before July 1, 2001, the law in effect at the time the priorities of the claims were established determines priority.

(B) For purposes of division (A) of section 1309.322 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001, the priority of a security interest that becomes enforceable under section 1309.203 of the Revised Code, as it exists on July 1, 2001, dates from July 1, 2001, if the security interest is perfected under this chapter by the filing of a financing statement before July 1, 2001, that would not have been effective to perfect the security interest under the law in effect at the time of the filing. This division does not apply to conflicting security interests each of which is perfected by the filing of such a financing statement.

Cite as R.C. § 1309.709

Effective Date: 07-01-2001