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This website publishes administrative rules on their effective dates, as designated by the adopting state agencies, colleges, and universities.

Chapter 4729:5-19 | Clinics and Prescriber Offices

 
 
 
Rule
Rule 4729:5-19-01 | Clinics and Prescriber Offices - Definitions.
 

As used in Chapter 4729:5-19 of the Administrative Code:

(A) "Clinic" or "prescriber office" means a facility licensed as a terminal distributor of dangerous drugs in accordance with section 4729.54 of the Revised Code where a licensed prescriber, as specified in rule 4729:5-2-01 of the Administrative Code, or pharmacist serves as the responsible person on the license and drugs are possessed on-site for administration or to personally furnish. The facility shall comply with all requirements set forth in this chapter. A clinic or prescriber office does not include a veterinary clinic as defined in rule 4729:5-20-01 of the Administrative Code.

(B) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as in section 3719.01 of the Revised Code.

(C) "Dangerous drug" has the same meaning as in section 4729.01 of the Revised Code.

(D) "Dosage unit" means any of the following:

(1) A single pill, capsule, ampule, or tablet;

(2) In the case of a liquid solution, one milliliter;

(3) In the case of a cream, lotion or gel, one gram; or

(4) Any other form of administration available as a single unit.

(E) "Licensed health professional authorized to prescribe drugs" or "prescriber" has the same meaning as in rule 4729:5-1-02 of the Administrative Code but shall be limited to a prescriber practicing within the prescriber's applicable scope of practice.

(F) "Personal supervision" means the person specified in rule shall be physically present at the licensed location to deter and detect the diversion of dangerous drugs.

(G) "Personally furnish" or "personally furnishing" means the final association of a drug with a patient by a prescriber prior to the distribution to a patient for use outside the prescriber's practice setting.

(H)

(1) "Positive identification" means a method of identifying a person that does not rely on the use of a private personal identifier such as a password, but must use a secure means of identification that includes any of the following:

(a) A manual signature on a hard copy record;

(b) A magnetic card reader;

(c) A bar code reader;

(d) A biometric method;

(e) A proximity badge reader;

(f) A board approved system of randomly generated personal questions;

(g) A printout of every transaction that is verified and manually signed within a reasonable period of time by the individual who performed the action requiring positive identification. The printout must be maintained for three years and made readily retrievable; or

(h) Other effective methods for identifying individuals that have been approved by the board.

(2) A method relying on a magnetic card reader, a bar code reader, a proximity badge reader, or randomly generated questions for identification must also include a private personal identifier, such as a password, for entry into a secure mechanical or electronic system.

(I) "Readily retrievable" means that records maintained in accordance with this chapter shall be kept in such a manner that, upon request, they can be produced for review no later than three business days to an agent, officer or inspector of the board.

(J) "Responsible person" has the same meaning as defined in rule 4729:5-2-01 of the Administrative Code and is responsible for the supervision and control of dangerous drugs as required in division (B) of section 4729.55 of the Revised Code, adequate safeguards as required in division (C) of section 4729.55 of the Revised Code, security and control of dangerous drugs, and maintaining all drug records otherwise required.

(K) "Sample" means a dangerous drug or pharmaceutical preparation that would be hazardous to health or safety if used without the supervision of a licensed health professional authorized to prescribe drugs, or a drug of abuse, and that, at one time, had been placed in a container plainly marked as a sample by a manufacturer.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4729.26, 3719.28
Amplifies: 4729.51
Five Year Review Date: 3/1/2025
Rule 4729:5-19-02 | Personally furnishing dangerous drugs.
 

(A) A prescriber who personally furnishes a dangerous drug, other than a sample drug pursuant to section 3719.81 of the Revised Code, shall affix to the container a label showing:

(1) The name and address of the prescriber;

(2) The name of the patient for whom the drug is intended;

(3) Name and strength of the drug;

(4) Directions for use;

(5) Date furnished; and

(6) If a compounded drug, the statement "Compounded Drug" or other similar statement shall also be displayed prominently on the label.

(B) A prescriber who personally furnishes a dangerous drug labeled as a sample and where the directions for use are different from the directions on or in the sample container shall affix a label to the sample container or provide written documentation accompanying the sample that includes the following:

(1) The name of the prescriber;

(2) The name of the patient for whom the drug is intended; and

(3) Directions for use.

(C) For controlled substances, quantities personally furnished to a patient are limited to a seventy-two-hour supply and quantities personally furnished to all patients shall not exceed two thousand five hundred dosage units in any thirty day period pursuant to section 4729.291 of the Revised Code.

(D) None of the following shall be counted in determining whether the amounts specified in paragraph (C) of this rule have been exceeded:

(1) Methadone personally furnished to patients for the purpose of treating drug dependence or addiction, if the prescriber meets the conditions specified in 21 C.F.R. 1306.07 (6/23/2005);

(2) Buprenorphine personally furnished to patients for the purpose of treating drug dependence or addiction as part of an opioid treatment program licensed under section 5119.37 of the Revised Code.

(3) Controlled substances personally furnished to research subjects by a facility conducting clinical research in studies approved by a hospital-based institutional review board or an institutional review board accredited by the association for the accreditation of human research protection programs.

(E)

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (E)(2) of this rule, only a prescriber shall personally furnish a drug. The act of personally furnishing shall be documented using positive identification.

(2) A prescriber may delegate the act of personally furnishing to a licensed Ohio pharmacist practicing at a free clinic, as defined in section 3701.071 of the Revised Code. The act of personally furnishing shall be documented using positive identification.

(F)

(1) A prescriber may designate a licensed health care professional acting within the scope of the professional's practice and, under the personal supervision of a prescriber or pharmacist, to prepare and package a dangerous drug that will be personally furnished by the prescriber or a pharmacist in accordance with paragraph (E)(2) of this rule.

(2) A prescriber may designate an unlicensed person, under the personal supervision of a prescriber or pharmacist, to prepare and package a dangerous drug that will be personally furnished by the prescriber or a pharmacist in accordance with paragraph (E)(2) of this rule. An unlicensed person shall not prepare and package any of the following dangerous drugs:

(a) Anesthesia;

(b) Controlled substances; or

(c) Drugs administered intravenously.

(G) Counseling.

(1) A prescriber, pharmacist or a delegate in accordance with paragraph (H)(1) of this rule shall personally offer to provide, or may provide in writing, the service of counseling pursuant to paragraph (G)(2) of this rule to a patient or caregiver whenever any dangerous drug is personally furnished. A prescriber or pharmacist shall not be required to counsel a patient or caregiver when the patient or caregiver refuses, either verbally or in writing, the offer of counseling or does not respond to the written offer to counsel.

(2) Prescriber or pharmacist counseling may include, but is not limited to, the following:

(a) The name and description of the drug;

(b) The dosage form, dose, route of administration, and duration of drug therapy;

(c) The intended use of the drug and the expected action;

(d) Special directions and precautions for preparation, administration, and use by the patient;

(e) Common adverse effects or interactions and therapeutic contraindications that may occur, including possible methods to avoid them, and the action required if they occur;

(f) Techniques for self-monitoring drug therapy;

(g) Proper storage and disposal;

(h) Action to be taken in the event of a missed dose; and

(i) The prescriber or pharmacist's comments relevant to the patient's drug therapy, including other necessary information unique to the specific patient or drug.

(H) Provision of dangerous drugs.

(1) A prescriber may delegate an individual or individuals to distribute dangerous drugs personally furnished by a prescriber or pharmacist if all the following apply:

(a) A prescriber or pharmacist provides personal supervision;

(b) Counseling is offered in accordance with paragraph (G) of this rule; and

(c) This task may be delegated in accordance with applicable state laws and rules.

(2) Paragraph (H)(1)(a) of this rule does not apply if a non-controlled substance dangerous drug is provided to the patient by a licensed health care professional, acting within the scope of the professional's practice, and a prescriber or pharmacist is available for counseling by means of electronic communication during normal hours of operation.

(I) No prescriber or pharmacist acting in accordance with paragraph (E)(2) of this rule may personally furnish to a patient to whom there is no valid prescriber patient relationship, pursuant to applicable state and federal laws, regulations, and rules.

(J) Personally furnishing naloxone.

(1) Except as provided in paragraph (J)(3) of this rule, an authorized individual personally furnishing naloxone on behalf of a physician pursuant to a protocol established in accordance with sections 4731.941 and 3707.561 of the Revised Code, shall do all of the following:

(a) Prepare, package and appropriately label the naloxone.

(b) Conduct the final association of the naloxone to the patient.

(c) Keep and maintain all records in accordance with this chapter.

(d) Conduct patient counseling, including training on the use of naloxone, as specified in the physician protocol.

(2) An authorized individual personally furnishing naloxone on behalf of a physician pursuant to a protocol established in accordance with sections 4731.941 and 3707.561 of the Revised Code may personally furnish the drug to themselves in order to assist an individual who there is reason to believe is experiencing an opioid-related overdose if all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The authorized individual complies with the protocol established by the authorizing physician, including having completed the training required by the protocol.

(b) The authorized individual has received training instructing them to summon emergency services as soon as practicable either before or after administering naloxone.

(c) Such practice is authorized in the physician approved protocol.

(3) An authorized individual personally furnishing naloxone pursuant to paragraph (J)(2) of this rule shall not be required to comply with paragraphs (J)(1)(a), (J)(1)(b) and (J)(1)(d) of this rule.

(4) A terminal distributor of dangerous drugs may also administer naloxone in accordance with section 4729.514 of the Revised Code.

(K) Any patient specific dangerous drug dispensed by a pharmacy that is provided to a patient by a prescriber pursuant to rule 4729:5-5-14 of the Administrative Code is the property of that patient and is not considered personally furnishing. No prescriber that provides a patient with a drug pursuant to rule 4729:5-5-14 of the Administrative Code shall charge any additional fees or require any additional monetary compensation for the dangerous drug.

(L) Paragraph (K) of this rule does not prohibit a prescriber from charging a patient for any of the following:

(1) The cost of an office visit or any expense related to the administration of a dangerous drug; or

(2) The cost of a dangerous drug dispensed by a pharmacy to a patient if paid for by the prescriber.

(M) A prescriber personally furnishing dangerous drugs shall comply with all drug database reporting requirements pursuant to Chapter 4729. of the Revised Code and division 4729:8 of the Administrative Code.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 3719.28, 4729.26
Amplifies: 4729.51, 3719.06, 3719.81
Five Year Review Date: 3/1/2025
Rule 4729:5-19-03 | Security, control and storage of dangerous drugs.
 

(A) The security and control of dangerous drugs is the responsibility of the responsible person on the terminal distributor of dangerous drugs license and the terminal distributor of dangerous drugs.

(B) Except as provided in paragraphs (F) and (G) of this rule, controlled substance dangerous drugs shall be stored in a securely locked, substantially constructed cabinet or safe to deter and detect unauthorized access.

(1) The cabinet or safe shall be placed in an area that is not readily accessible to the public.

(2) The cabinet or safe shall remain locked and secured when not in use.

(3) In the case of a combination lock or access code, the combination or access code shall be changed upon termination of employment of an employee having knowledge of the combination or access code.

(4) In the case of a key lock, all keys shall be maintained in a secure place that is inaccessible to anyone other than a prescriber or pharmacist if not being used by a prescriber, pharmacist or a licensed health care professional in accordance with paragraph (B)(6)(a), (B)(6)(b), or (B)(6)(c) of this rule. All locks shall be kept in good working order with keys removed therefrom.

(5) During non-business hours, the cabinet or safe shall be maintained in an area secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks, which may include a locked room or secure facility.

(6) Except as provided in paragraph (B)(6)(a), (B)(6)(b), or (B)(6)(c) of this rule, only a prescriber or pharmacist shall be able to access the cabinet or safe.

(a) A prescriber or pharmacist may provide a licensed health care professional with a temporary key for the purposes of accessing the cabinet or safe. A licensed health care professional shall return the key provided in accordance with this paragraph to the prescriber or pharmacist or to a secured location with restricted access (such as a lockbox) no later than the end of the provider's shift or if there is no longer a prescriber or pharmacist available to provide personal supervision.

(b) A prescriber or pharmacist may provide a licensed health care professional with a key, combination or access code for the purposes of accessing the cabinet or safe, if all the following conditions apply:

(i) The cabinet or safe is maintained in a room secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks that can only be unlocked by a prescriber or pharmacist; and

(ii) The room is locked during non-business hours or when there is no longer a prescriber or pharmacist available to provide personal supervision.

(c) Any other method approved by the board's executive director or the director's designee that provides effective controls and procedures to guard against theft and diversion.

(C) Except as provided in paragraph (G) of this rule, a licensed health care professional, acting within the scope of the professional's practice, may have access to controlled substances only under the personal supervision of a prescriber or pharmacist.

(D) Only a prescriber shall have access to uncompleted prescription blanks used for writing a prescription. Uncompleted prescription blanks shall be secured when not in use.

(E) Personnel authorized by the responsible person may have access to D.E.A. controlled substance order forms only under the personal supervision of a prescriber or a person delegated power of attorney in accordance with 21 CFR 1305.05 (9/30/2019). D.E.A. controlled substance order forms shall be secured when not in use.

(F) Thiafentanil, carfentanil, etorphine hydrochloride and diprenorphine shall be stored in a separate safe or steel cabinet equivalent to a U.S. government class V security container from all other controlled substances.

(1) There is no minimum size or weight requirement but if the cabinet or safe weighs less than seven hundred fifty pounds, it must be secured to the floor or wall in such a way that it cannot be readily removed.

(2) The cabinet or safe shall be placed in an area that is not readily accessible to the public.

(3) The cabinet or safe shall remain locked and secured when not in use.

(4) In the case of a combination lock or access code, the combination or access code shall be changed upon termination of employment of an employee having knowledge of the combination or access codes.

(5) In the case of a key lock, all keys shall be maintained in a secure place that is inaccessible to anyone other than a prescriber or pharmacist if not being used by a prescriber or pharmacist. All locks shall be kept in good working order with keys removed therefrom.

(6) During non-business hours, the cabinet or safe shall be maintained in an area secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks, which may include a locked room or secure facility.

(7) Only a prescriber or pharmacist shall be able to access the safe or cabinet.

(G) A registered nurse licensed under Chapter 4723. of the Revised Code, may have unsupervised access to controlled substances only under the following conditions:

(1) The drugs have been personally furnished by a prescriber or dispensed by a pharmacy for direct administration to a patient.

(2) The drugs must be stored in a securely locked, substantially constructed cabinet or safe with access that is limited to prescribers, pharmacists, and registered nurses. The cabinet or safe must be separate from those required in paragraphs (B) and (F) of this rule.

(a) The cabinet or safe shall be placed in an area that is not readily accessible to the public.

(b) The cabinet or safe shall remain locked and secured when not in use.

(c) In the case of a combination lock or access code, the combination or access code shall be changed upon termination of employment of an employee having knowledge of the combination or access code.

(d) In the case of a key lock, all keys shall be maintained in a secure place that is inaccessible to anyone other than a prescriber, pharmacist or registered nurse.

(e) During non-business hours, the cabinet or safe shall be maintained in an area secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks, which may include a locked room or secure facility.

(3) A record of drug administration shall be maintained in accordance with paragraph (E) of rule 4729:5-19-04 of the Administrative Code and shall also include the date and time the drugs are accessed from the cabinet or safe.

(4) The responsible person shall report the theft or significant loss of drugs maintained pursuant to this paragraph in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-02 of the Administrative Code.

(H) During non-business hours, hypodermics shall be stored in an area secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks, which may include a substantially constructed cabinet, locked room, or secured facility. During normal business hours, hypodermics shall not be stored in areas where members of the public are not supervised by individuals authorized to administer injections.

(I) During non-business hours, non-controlled dangerous drugs shall be stored in an area secured by a physical barrier with suitable locks, which may include a substantially constructed cabinet, locked room, or secured facility. During normal business hours, non-controlled dangerous drugs shall not be stored in areas where members of the public are not supervised by individuals authorized to administer such drugs.

(J) All records relating to the receipt, administration, distribution, personal furnishing and sale of dangerous drugs shall be maintained under appropriate supervision and control to restrict unauthorized access.

(K) All areas where dangerous drugs and devices are stored shall be dry, well-lit, well-ventilated, and maintained in a clean and orderly condition. Storage areas shall be maintained at temperatures and conditions which will ensure the integrity of the drugs prior to use as stipulated by the USP/NF and/or the manufacturer's or distributor's labeling. Refrigerators and freezers used for the storage of drugs and devices shall comply with the following:

(1) Maintain either of the following to ensure proper refrigeration and/or freezer temperatures are maintained:

(a) Temperature logs with, at a minimum, daily observations; or

(b) A temperature monitoring system capable of detecting and alerting staff of a temperature excursion.

(2) The terminal distributor shall develop and implement policies and procedures to respond to any out of range individual temperature readings or excursions to ensure the integrity of stored drugs.

(3) The terminal distributor shall develop and implement a policy that no food or beverage products are permitted to be stored in refrigerators or freezers used to store drugs.

(L) Upon the initial puncture of a multiple-dose vial containing a drug, the vial shall be labeled with a beyond-use date or date opened. The beyond-use date for an opened or entered (e.g., needle punctured) multiple-dose container with antimicrobial preservatives is twenty-eight days, unless otherwise specified by the manufacturer. A multiple-dose vial that exceeds its beyond-use date shall be deemed adulterated.

(M) Adulterated drugs, including expired drugs, shall be stored in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-06 of the Administrative Code.

(N) Disposal of controlled substances shall be conducted in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-01 of the Administrative Code.

(O) Disposal of non-controlled dangerous drugs shall be conducted in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-06 of the Administrative Code.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4729.26, 3719.28
Amplifies: 3719.07
Five Year Review Date: 3/1/2025
Prior Effective Dates: 3/1/2020
Rule 4729:5-19-04 | Record Keeping.
 

(A) A clinic or prescriber office shall keep a record of all dangerous drugs received, administered, personally furnished, disposed, sold or transferred.

(B) Records of receipt shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the dangerous drugs received, the name and address of the seller, the name and address of the recipient, and the date of receipt. An invoice from a drug distributor licensed in accordance with division 4729:6 of the Administrative Code containing the required information may be used to meet this requirement.

(C) Records of temperature control monitoring described in paragraph (K)(1) of rule 4729:5-19-03 of the Administrative Code shall include any of the following:

(1) For temperature logs, either:

(a) The date and time of observation, the full name or the initials of the individual performing the check, and the temperature recorded; or

(b) For systems that provide automated temperature monitoring, maintain a report that provides, at a minimum, the date and time of observation and the temperature recorded.

(2) For temperature monitoring systems capable of detecting and alerting staff of a temperature excursion, maintain reports that provide information on any temperature excursion that includes the date, time, temperature recorded, and length of each excursion.

(D) Records of personally furnishing shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the dangerous drugs personally furnished, the name, address and date of birth of the person to whom or for whose use the dangerous drugs were personally furnished, the positive identification of the prescriber personally furnishing the drug, the date the drug is personally furnished and, if applicable, the date the drug is received by the patient or patient's caregiver.

(E)

(1) Records of administration shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the dangerous drugs administered, the name and date of birth of the person to whom or for whose use the dangerous drugs were administered, the date of administration, and either:

(a) For non-controlled substance dangerous drugs: the identification of the health care professional administering the drug.

(b) For controlled substance dangerous drugs: the positive identification of the health care professional administering the drug.

(2) Records of dangerous drugs administered which become a permanent part of the patient's medical record shall be deemed to meet the requirements of this paragraph.

(3) Records of dangerous drugs administered by a health care professional, acting within the professional's scope of practice, who is not a prescriber shall include documentation of an order issued by a prescriber or protocol authorizing the administration of the drug. An order that is a permanent part of the patient's medical record shall be deemed to meet the requirements of this paragraph. Orders for the administration of controlled substances shall be documented using positive identification.

(4) Paragraph (E)(3) of this rule does not apply to the administration of dangerous drugs pursuant to paragraph (G) of rule 4729:5-19-03 of the Administrative Code or non-controlled dangerous drugs for direct administration to a patient that have been dispensed by a pharmacy or personally furnished by a prescriber.

(F) Records of disposal of dangerous drugs from inventory, other than controlled substances, shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, and quantity of the dangerous drug disposed, the date of disposal, the method of disposal, and the identification of the licensed health care professional that performed the disposal.

(G) Records of controlled substance drug disposal shall comply with the requirements of rule 4729:5-3-01 of the Administrative Code.

(1) If the disposal of controlled substance drug inventory is performed on-site, records shall also include the positive identification of two licensed healthcare professionals conducting and witnessing the disposal, one of whom shall be the responsible person or the responsible persons designee.

(2) If conducting the disposal of an unused portion of a controlled substance resulting from administration to a patient or the disposal of patient owned drug stock maintained in accordance with paragraph (G) of rule 4729:5-19-03 of the Administrative Code, records shall also include the positive identification of two licensed healthcare professionals conducting and witnessing the disposal.

(H) Records of transfer or sale conducted in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-09 of the Administrative Code shall contain the name, strength, dosage form, national drug code, expiration date and quantity of the dangerous drug transferred or sold, the address of the location where the drugs were transferred or sold, and the date of transfer or sale.

(I) Controlled substance inventory records shall be maintained in accordance with rule 4729:5-3-07 of the Administrative Code.

(J) All records maintained in accordance with this rule and rule 4729:5-19-03 of the Administrative Code shall be readily retrievable and shall be kept on-site for a period of three years.

(1) A terminal distributor intending to maintain records at a location other than the location licensed by the state board of pharmacy must notify the board in a manner determined by the board.

(2) Any such alternate location shall be secured and accessible only to authorized representatives or contractors of the terminal distributor of dangerous drugs.

(K) All records maintained pursuant to this rule may be electronically created and maintained, provided that the system that creates and maintains the electronic record does so in accordance with the following:

(1) Complies with the requirements of this rule;

(2) All paper records shall be scanned in full color via technology designed to capture information in one form and reproduce it in an electronic medium presentable and usable to an end user;

(3) Contains security features, such as unique user names and passwords, to prevent unauthorized access to the records; and

(4) Contains daily back-up functionality to protect against record loss.

Supplemental Information

Authorized By: 4729.26, 3719.28
Amplifies: 3719.07
Five Year Review Date: 3/1/2025